final study guide

final study guide - StudyGuideforHUEC2011Fall2011FinalExam

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Study Guide for HUEC 2011 Fall 2011 Final Exam Be able to define “essential” regarding nutrition. Essential nutrients must be supplied in the diet, but it is not synonymous with  “important”. Know the energy values for energy macronutrients. Carbs: 4 kCal Proteins: 4 kCal Fats: 9 kCal (Alcohol): 7 kCal Know what is an energy macronutrient. Macronutrients are energy-yielding nutrients Know how energy of foods is expressed. 1 kCal = 4.18 kilojoules What are the building blocks of proteins? Amino acids. What substance is highest in the body? Water, 62% What is positive energy balance? Positive energy balance is when the calories you take in is greater than the calories  expended. How do you test a scientific hypothesis? Test a hypothesis with experiments
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What is a placebo? Placebos are identical in appearance to the actual treatment but are of no therapeutic  value. Who is the target for the Dietary Guidelines? Should be based individually, but they are currently general. What is the current tool of the Dietary Guidelines? MyPlate Be able to address current deficiencies or what types do not occur. Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer and obesity have increased. Overt  deficiencies are rare. What agency regulates food labels? The FDA regulates food labels Know how an ingredients list on foods is read. Start at the top, limit the nutrients in the middle, and consume more at the bottom. Be able to recognize definitions of the RDA. RDA- Recommended Dietary Allowances were based on nutrient deficiencies but the  DRI’s (Dietary Reference Intakes) replaced RDA and aim to prevent chronic diseases. Know what AMDRs are. AMDR- Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges;  ranges of percents of energy- yielding nutrients associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases while providing  adequate intakes of essential nutrients Allows flexibility in food choices Know information covered about dietary supplements in general covered early on rather  than individual nutrient later in course.
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Dietary supplements are regulated as food by the FDA and must be described as so on the  label. Know important recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines. Balancing calories to manage weight Food and food components to reduce Foods and nutrients to increase Building healthy eating plans Recommendations for specific population groups What are sources of empty calories? Empty calories
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2012 for the course HUEC 2010 taught by Professor Judymyhand during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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final study guide - StudyGuideforHUEC2011Fall2011FinalExam

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