ch. 1 LOOMS

ch. 1 LOOMS - HUEC 4041 History of Textiles Part I, Chapter...

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HUEC 4041 History of Textiles Part I, Chapter 1: Weaving (Looms) Jenna Tedrick Kuttruff, Ph.D. Doris & Jules Carville Professor
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Looms Weaving – interlacing of 2 or more sets of elements (strands or yarns) Flexible elements more difficult to work with than rigid elements First record of a weaving device is from Egypt and dates to 4400 BC Looms facilitate the interlacing of elements (faster and more regular)
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Horizontal Ground Loom Egypt, c. 4000 BC Hecht, p.9
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Functions of Looms Hold one set of elements (warp ) under tension (even, without tangling) while the other set of elements (weft ) are interlaced May have Warp beam for extra warp length Cloth beam for woven fabric Shedding mechanism (heddles, harnesses) Beater for placing weft threads Reed for spacing warp threads
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Treadle Loom Fig. 3.1: Parts of a treadle loom
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Weaving Process Three-step process: 1. Shedding – some warps are lifted to form a shed (triangular space between warps) 2. Picking – weft is passed through shed (may be wound on a shuttle) 3. Beating – weft is placed and packed (with comb, batten, reed)
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Introduction to Weaving Whispering Pines Studio http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endsc
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Body tension loom or backstrap South & Central America; Southeast Asia Warp-weighted loom Greek wool; Northern Europe (Scandinavia) Horizontal ground loom Ancient Egypt (before 2000 BC); Middle East tribal weaving Two-beam, vertical loom • Navaho; European tapestries Treadle loom • China 300 BC; Medieval Europe Miscellaneous looms Complex pattern looms Draw loom
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2012 for the course HUEC 4041 taught by Professor Kuttruff during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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ch. 1 LOOMS - HUEC 4041 History of Textiles Part I, Chapter...

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