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Unformatted text preview: shortage of goods. For instance, if the government thinks 1) that people need bread to live, and 2) that the market price of bread is too high, then they might install a price ceiling. Assume that the following graph represents the market for bread. At equilibrium, the price will be p*, and the quantity will be q*. Figure %: Price Ceiling If the government puts in a price ceiling, we can see that the quantity demanded will exceed the quantity supplied, meaning that not enough bread will be supplied to satisfy demand. Such a situation is called a shortage. Because price ceilings are installed in the interests of the buyers, the government has to decide which situation is preferable for the buyers: not being able to afford any bread, or not having enough bread to go around....
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2012 for the course ECO ECO2013 taught by Professor Jominy during the Fall '08 term at Broward College.
- Fall '08