Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes

Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes - Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes: Morality...

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Unformatted text preview: Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes: Morality 10/10/2007 12:05:00 MIDTERM MOVED TO OCT. 26 EXAM WILL COVER LECTURES AND READINGS UP TO AND INCLUDING LEC 12, RELIGION EXAM WILL BE 20 MC QUESTIONS AND 5 SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS A Western view of morality: Kohlbergs model Preconventional level focus on self: wrong is what harms the self Conventional level focus on the group: wrong is what violates social expectations and contracts Post-conventional level focus on the objective: wrong is that violates rational universal standards Underlying assumptions of the Western view of morality Natural law exists o Based on autonomous rights, not duties o Natural law can be known via rationality o Can arrive at natural law based only on logic, not emotions Harm-avoidance as a superior principle o Self encompasses more than its body Principle of justice o All individuals have an intrinsic & equal moral value Cultural effects on morality What is moral o Challenge to rights, not duties ethic o Challenge to individuals as autonomous o Challenge to harm-defined morality Relationship between morality and emotions o Challenge to rationality (dont decide purely on logic, emotions are involved) Punishments and rewards o Challenge of equality o Challenge to self Alternative views on what is moral Ethics of autonomy (Kohlberg) o The person is an individual acting by his or her own preferences, freedom o Considerations of: harm, freedom, rights, justice, fairness Ethics of community o Person as a role-holder in an interdependent group acting by duties o Considerations of: duties, respect for authority, loyalty Ethics of divinity o The person as a divine creature bearing a bit of God within o Considerations of impurity, sin, sanctity of soul Shweder et. Al Participants: Indian Brahmans and Americans, 5-year-olds to adults Items: 39 behaviors from both cultures...
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Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes - Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes: Morality...

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