Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes

Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes - Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes Morality...

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Unformatted text preview: Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes: Morality 10/10/2007 12:05:00 ← MIDTERM MOVED TO OCT. 26 ← EXAM WILL COVER LECTURES AND READINGS UP TO AND INCLUDING LEC 12, RELIGION ← EXAM WILL BE 20 MC QUESTIONS AND 5 SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS ← ← A Western view of morality: Kohlberg’s model • Preconventional level – focus on self: “wrong” is what harms the self • Conventional level – focus on the group: “wrong” is what violates social expectations and contracts • Post-conventional level – focus on the objective: “wrong” is that violates rational universal standards ← ← Underlying assumptions of the Western view of morality • Natural law exists o Based on autonomous rights, not duties o Natural law can be known via rationality o Can arrive at natural law based only on logic, not emotions • Harm-avoidance as a superior principle o Self encompasses more than its body • Principle of justice o All individuals have an intrinsic & equal moral value ← ← Cultural effects on morality • What is moral o Challenge to “rights, not duties “ethic o Challenge to “individuals as autonomous” o Challenge to harm-defined morality • Relationship between morality and emotions o Challenge to rationality (don’t decide purely on logic, emotions are involved) • Punishments and rewards o Challenge of equality o Challenge to self ← ← Alternative views on what is moral • Ethics of autonomy (Kohlberg) o The person is an individual acting by his or her own preferences, freedom o Considerations of: harm, freedom, rights, justice, fairness • Ethics of community o Person as a role-holder in an interdependent group acting by duties o Considerations of: duties, respect for authority, loyalty • Ethics of divinity o The person as a divine creature bearing a bit of God within o Considerations of impurity, sin, sanctity of soul ← ← Shweder et. Al • Participants: Indian Brahmans and Americans, 5-year-olds to adults • Items: 39 behaviors from both cultures...
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course PSYC 317 taught by Professor Gildiesendruck during the Fall '07 term at Yale.

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Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes - Psyc317 Lec 11 Notes Morality...

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