Psyc317 Lec 10 Notes

Psyc317 Lec 10 Notes - PSYC317 Lecture 10 Notes...

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PSYC317 Lecture 10 Notes: Psychopathology 05/10/2007 12:43:00 What are normal people made of? Freud’s model of the human psyche The id is the “primitive” part of the psyche; it functions according to the  pleasure principle – satisfy oneself The superego represents social norms and mores The ego mediates between the two 5-factor model of personality openness vs. closedness – fantasy, aesthetics, ideas conscientiousness vs. undependability – order, dutifulness, self-discipline extraversion vs. introversion – warmth, gregariousness, positive emotions agreeableness vs. antagonism – compliance, modesty, altruism neuroticism vs. emotional stability – anxiety, vulnerability, self-consciousness  are all normal people made of the same stuff? McCrae and colleagues asked students from 50 different countries to rate  men and women according to a Western questionnaire The 5-factors were found to significantly account for the variance in people’s  personality in all 50 countries o However:  There are differences across, and within,  cultures on the  average level of certain traits There might be additional culture-specific traits that contribute  even more strongly The Chinese 4-factor model Dependability: responsibility, trustworthiness Social potency: leadership, extraversion Individualism: logical, defensiveness Interpersonal relatedness: harmony, tradition
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deviations from normality world mental health report (’96) found that mental health is one of the greatest  burdens on people’s well-being in the world, exceeding cancer and heart 
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Psyc317 Lec 10 Notes - PSYC317 Lecture 10 Notes...

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