7.LearningCCMM - Learning How Do We Learn? Learning:...

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1 1 Learning: Classical Conditioning Chapter 7 Psy 12000.003 2 Learning How Do We Learn? One way is through Classical Conditioning Pavlov’s Experiments Extending Pavlov’s Understanding Pavlov’s Legacy 3 Definition of Learning Learning is a relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior as the result of experience . Learning is more flexible in comparison to the genetically- programmed behaviors of Chinooks, for example. 4 To What Does Learning Apply? New information (for exams) New skills – Sports – Vocational Hobbies and Interests – Gambling Fears Rituals, behavioral predispositions (personality?) Beliefs Values Social behavior (how to behave among others) Attitudes, stereotypes, prejudices 5 How Do We Learn? We learn by association. Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence. 2000 years ago, Aristotle suggested this law of association. Then 200 years ago Locke and Hume reiterated this law. 6 Stimulus-Stimulus Learning Learning to associate one stimulus with another.
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2 7 Stimulus-Stimulus Learning Learning to associate one stimulus with another. 8 Response-Consequence Learning Learning to associate a response with a consequence. 9 Response-Consequence Learning Learning to associate a response with a consequence. Ideas of classical conditioning originate from old philosophical theories. However, it was the Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov who elucidated classical conditioning. His work provided a basis for later behaviorists like John Watson and B. F. Skinner. Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) Sovfoto http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhqumfpxuzI Classical Conditioning: Unconditioned Stimuli and Responses Unconditioned Stimulus (US) – a stimulus that unconditionally (naturally and automatically) triggers a response - Example: smell, taste, sight of food Unconditioned Response (UR) – unlearned, natural response to the unconditioned stimulus - Example: salivation 11 Classical Conditioning: Conditioned Stimuli and Responses
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2012 for the course PSYCH 350 taught by Professor Conger during the Fall '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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7.LearningCCMM - Learning How Do We Learn? Learning:...

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