12.EmotionMM

12.EmotionMM - Emotion Emotions are our body's adaptive...

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1 1 Emotion Chapter 12 Psy12000.003 2 Emotion Emotions are our body’s adaptive response. They help energize, they communicate, they give us and others warnings. Sometimes, they override our cognitions and behaviors. The Expression and Suppression of Emotions 3 John Boehner (left; expressing) and Nancy Pelosi (right; suppressing) Terms Related to Emotion • Mood – May not be expressed – May last longer – May not be tied to a discernable triggering event (emotion has clear cause; mood doesn’t) – Less extreme • Affect – Experience of feeling or emotion • Mood disorders (bipolar; depression) 4 5 Theories of Emotion Are emotions 1) physiological activation, 2) expressive behaviors, or 3) conscious experience. Or, some combination of them all? 6 Controversies and Big Questions 1) Does physiological arousal precede or follow your emotional experience? 2) Does cognition (thinking) precede emotion (feeling)? 3) Are emotional expressions learned or are they instinctual? 4) Are emotions functional? Or are they undesirable remnants from ancestral past? 5) Are emotions primarily for communication (signals to others) or for self-knowledge/direction (signal to self)?
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2 7 Commonsense View When you become happy, your heart starts beating faster. First comes conscious awareness, then comes physiological activity. Bob Sacha 8 James-Lange Theory William James and Carl Lange proposed an idea that was diametrically opposed to the common- sense view. The James- Lange Theory proposes that physiological activity precedes the emotional experience. 9 Cannon-Bard Theory Walter Cannon and Phillip Bard questioned the James-Lange Theory and proposed that an emotion-triggering stimulus and the body's arousal take place simultaneously. 10 Two-Factor Theory Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer proposed yet another theory that suggests our physiology and cognitions create emotions. Emotions have two factors–physical arousal and cognitive label. Video on Cognition and Emotion 11 12 Embodied Emotion We know that emotions involve bodily responses. Some of these responses are very noticeable (butterflies in our stomach when fear arises), but others are more difficult to discern (neurons activated in the brain). Hot/Cold cup of coffee influences our emotions and perceptions of others (Williams & Bargh, 2008). Emotional experiences influence our perceptions of temperature. (Zhong & Leonardelli, 2008) and of actual bodily temperature (Ijzerman et al, 2011).
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3 13 Describe How Your Body Feels When You Are… • Fearful • Angry • Head over heels in love (or lust) • Anxious • Jealous • Bored • Sad 14 Emotions and Autonomic Nervous System During an emotional experience, our autonomic nervous system mobilizes energy in the body that arouses us. 15
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12.EmotionMM - Emotion Emotions are our body's adaptive...

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