13.PersonalityMM

13.PersonalityMM - Exam 3 Results Personality Chapter 13...

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1 1 Personality Chapter 13 PSY 12000.003 Exam 3 Results • Top Score: 50 (by two students) • Mean: 42.3 • Median: 43 • Mode: 44 • SD = 9.5 • N = 46 • Top Cumulative Score = 143 2 Personality 3 Personalities seep out in almost everything we do. Philippe Halsan – Jump Book 4 Personality An individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting, across time and situations. Each dwarf has a distinct and dominant personality trait. Theories of Personality • View of the causes and motives underlying personality and personality development 1. The Psychodynamic Approach 2. The Humanistic Approach 3. The Trait Approach 4. The Social-Cognitive Approach Personality Theories: History • Grand Theories (Freud, Jung, Adler) – Attempted to explain all behavior • Most theories at this time contained a: Core (what we have in common) Periphery (what makes us different, and what sorts of differences are important) • Often, grand theories are highly influential, yet difficult to test. 6
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2 Psychodynamic Perspective • “A man should not strive to eliminate his complexes but to get into accord with them: they are legitimately what directs his conduct in the world.” -Sigmund Freud 7 8 Psychodynamic Perspective In his clinical practice, Freud encountered patients suffering from nervous disorders. Their complaints could not be explained in terms of purely physical causes. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Culver Pictures 9 Psychodynamic Perspective Freud’s clinical experience led him to develop the first comprehensive theory of personality, which included the unconscious mind , psychosexual stages, and defense mechanisms. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Psychoanalysis Freud’s theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating disorders by exposing and interpreting unconscious tensions. 10 11 Model of Mind The mind is like an iceberg. It is mostly hidden, and below the surface lies the unconscious mind. The preconscious stores temporary memories. 12 Exploring the Unconscious A reservoir ( unconscious mind ) of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. Freud asked patients to say whatever came to their minds ( free association ) in order to tap the unconscious. htp:/www.english.upenn.edu
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3 13 Dream Analysis Another method to analyze the unconscious mind is through interpreting manifest (what we remember) and latent (what it means, symbolically) contents of dreams. The Nightmare , Henry Fuseli (1791) Dream Analysis “Learn to communicate with your subconscious mind which speaks to you in symbols through your dreams while providing practical insight into our emotional and mental state by analyzing hidden meanings.” 14 15 Personality Structure Personality develops as a result of our efforts to resolve conflicts between our biological impulses (id) and social restraints (superego). ID
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13.PersonalityMM - Exam 3 Results Personality Chapter 13...

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