15.TherapyMM - History of Insane Treatment Therapy Chapter...

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1 1 Therapy Chapter 15 PSY12000.003 2 History of Insane Treatment Maltreatment of the insane throughout the ages was the result of irrational views. Many patients were subjected to strange, debilitating, and downright dangerous treatments. The Granger Colection 3 History of Insane Treatment Philippe Pinel in France and Dorthea Dix in America founded humane movements to care for the mentally ill. htp:/wwwihm.nlm.nih.gov Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) Dorthea Dix (1745-1826) Culver Pictures 4 Therapies Psychotherapy involves an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and a patient/client. Biomedical therapy uses drugs or other procedures that act on the patient’s nervous system, with the aim of reducing or eliminating psychological disorders. An eclectic approach uses various forms of healing techniques depending upon the client’s unique problems. 5 Psychological Therapies We will look at four major forms of psychotherapies based on different theories of human nature: Psychoanalytical theory Humanistic theory Behavioral theory Cognitive theory 6 Psychoanalysis The first formal psychotherapy to emerge was psychoanalysis, developed by Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud's famous couch Edmund Engleman
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2 7 Psychoanalysis: Aims Because psychological problems originate from childhood repressed impulses and conflicts, the aim of psychoanalysis is to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness where the patient can deal with them. When energy devoted to id-ego-superego conflicts is released, the patient’s anxiety lessens. 8 Psychoanalysis: Methods Dissatisfied with hypnosis, Freud developed the method of free association to unravel the unconscious mind and its conflicts. The patient lies on a couch and speaks about whatever comes to his or her mind. htp:/www.english.upenn.edu 9 Psychoanalysis: Methods During free association, the patients edits their thoughts, resisting their feelings to express emotions. Such resistance becomes important in the analysis of conflict-driven anxiety. Eventually, patients open up and reveal their innermost private thoughts, developing positive or negative feelings ( transference ) towards the therapist. Initially, Freud thought transference was an obstacle; later felt this was a crucial step toward discovery of conflict/problem. 10 Modern Psychodynamic Therapies Influenced by Freud, in a face-to-face setting, psychodynamic therapists seek to understand symptoms and themes across important relationships in a patient’s life (e.g., interpersonal therapy for depression). 11 Psychoanalysis: Criticisms 1. Psychoanalysis is hard to refute because it cannot be proven or disproven. 2. Psychoanalysis takes a long time and is very expensive. 3. But, some folks really like it, and they find it to be a good, yet expensive, journey of self-discovery.
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15.TherapyMM - History of Insane Treatment Therapy Chapter...

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