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App - Dr K Williams Interpersonal Attraction 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Dr K Williams 11/13/06 Interpersonal Attraction 1 Interpersonal Attraction Psy 240; Fall 2006 Purdue University Dr. Kipling Williams Initial Attraction: Initial Attraction: What matters at first? What matters at first? Propinquity (we like those who live/work near us; mere exposure) Physical Attractiveness (we like those who are physically attractive; halo, rewards, kernel of truth; evolutionary signs of health and reproductive advantage) Similarity/Complementarity (we like those who are similar to us—it’s rewarding; complementarity of needs ) Responsiveness (we like those who are responsive to us; signals belonging, worth, and control) Reciprocal liking (we like those who like us—it’s rewarding) Dr K Williams 11/13/06 Interpersonal Attraction 2 Propinquity Propinquity Festinger, Schachter & Back (1959)’s “Social pressures in informal groups: A study of human factors in housing” Zajonc’s (1968) “Attitudinal effects of mere exposure” (JPSP) “Mirror exposure” - we like our reflection view better than the view that others see of us; and vice versa. Moreland & Beach’s (1992) “Exposure effects in the classroom…” (JESP) Physical Attractiveness Physical Attractiveness Walster, Aronson, Abrahams & Rottman, 1966: Computer Dating paradigm Take a battery of measures of personality SES interests physical attractiveness Randomly pair college students with person of opposite sex. Asked them to rate their date Only one factor predicted liking and intention to ask out again…physical attractiveness (for males & females!) How about after the fifth date? (Mathes, 1975) Dr K Williams 11/13/06 Interpersonal Attraction 3 Physical Attractiveness Physical Attractiveness How ubiquitous? In the courtroom less likely to be found guilty; if guilty, lighter sentence (except if used to commit crime) In job applications More likely to be hired even for jobs in which appearance could have no conceivable relationship to job performance Class project (High, Med, Low Phys Attractiveness X High, Med, Low Qualifications) • Which matters most? Physical Attractiveness Physical Attractiveness How ubiquitous? With children They are more popular, better liked by parents, teachers, and peers. Dealt with less severely if they commit a transgression Teachers give them more information, better evaluations, more opportunities to perform, and more support for their educational endeavors. Dr K Williams 11/13/06 Interpersonal Attraction 4 Physical Attractiveness Physical Attractiveness How ubiquitous?...
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  • Fall '10
  • conger
  • Physical attractiveness, Interpersonal attraction, Triangular theory of love, Dr. Kipling Williams, Dr K Williams

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App - Dr K Williams Interpersonal Attraction 1...

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