GroupLoafing - 1 Motivation and De-Motivation in Groups...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Motivation and De-Motivation in Groups Kipling D. Williams Purdue University Psy 240; Introduction to Social Psychology Fall 2006 Overview We will focus on two phenomena: Social Facilitation Social Loafing These two phenomena are very basic to all group research, and represent two very old traditions of research in social psychology. They appear to say the opposite thing, but they can be reconciled. Meta-analysis of social loafing research Searching for motivation gains on collective tasks. Social compensation 2 Social Facilitation Social Facilitation Triplett (1898): Dynamogenic factors in pacemaking and competition bicyclists go faster when competing; boys reeled a motor contraption faster in the social presence of another competing boy followed by many years of inconsistent results researchers lost interest Zajonc (1965): Social facilitation of dominant responses Social Facilitation Social Facilitation Coactive or Evaluative Presence of Others likelihood of dominant response performance on easy, well-learned tasks performance on difficult, poorly learned tasks But, why? (1) Compresence (Zajonc, 1966) (2) Evaluation apprehension (Cottrell, 1968) (3) Distraction-conflict (Baron & Sanders, 1986) Arousal 3 Social Facilitation: Social Facilitation: The The Compresence Compresence Explanation Explanation Social Facilitation Evaluation Apprehension Being evaluated is arousing, and the presence of others implies potential evaluation. If you can make such that others are present but clearly cant evaluate, social facilitation should disappear. Distraction-Conflict The presence of others is distracting, and being distracted from a task is arousing. Thus, either distraction alone (non-social) should be sufficient to cause so-called social facilitation. 3 Social Facilitation: Social Facilitation: The The Compresence Compresence Explanation Explanation Social Facilitation Evaluation Apprehension Being evaluated is arousing, and the presence of others implies potential evaluation....
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2012 for the course PSYCH 350 taught by Professor Conger during the Fall '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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GroupLoafing - 1 Motivation and De-Motivation in Groups...

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