SelfcondF - The Self Pt 2 Psy 240 Fall 2006 Purdue University Dr Kipling Williams The Totalitarian Ego Inspired by Greenwald A G(1980 The

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1 The Self, Pt. 2 Psy 240; Fall 2006 Purdue University Dr. Kipling Williams Psy 240: Williams 2 The Totalitarian Ego • Inspired by: – Greenwald, A. G. (1980). The totalitarian ego: Fabrication and revision of personal history. American Psychologist, 35, 603-618. • George Orwell’s 1984 describes a totalitarian society. • The protagonist is Winston Smith, whose job it is to rewrite history to be consistent with his government’s current policy. Tony Greenwald
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2 Psy 240: Williams 3 Three Cognitive Biases • Totalitarian mechanisms for the organization of knowledge ! – Egocentricity – Beneffectance – Cognitive conservatism Psy 240: Williams 4 Egocentricity • Self perceived as more central to events than it is. – Memory revolves around self • Events are encoded and recorded such that self is remembered as a leading player in the past (sort of like Forrest Gump). • Self is perceived as the axis of cause and effect.
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3 Psy 240: Williams 5 Beneffectance Self is selectively perceived as being responsible for desired, but
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2012 for the course PSYCH 350 taught by Professor Conger during the Fall '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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SelfcondF - The Self Pt 2 Psy 240 Fall 2006 Purdue University Dr Kipling Williams The Totalitarian Ego Inspired by Greenwald A G(1980 The

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