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selfcondF - The Self Pt 2 Psy 240 Fall 2006 Purdue...

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1 The Self, Pt. 2 Psy 240; Fall 2006 Purdue University Dr. Kipling Williams Psy 240: Williams 2 The Totalitarian Ego Inspired by: Greenwald, A. G. (1980). The totalitarian ego: Fabrication and revision of personal history. American Psychologist, 35, 603-618. George Orwell’s 1984 describes a totalitarian society. The protagonist is Winston Smith, whose job it is to rewrite history to be consistent with his government’s current policy. Tony Greenwald
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2 Psy 240: Williams 3 Three Cognitive Biases Totalitarian mechanisms for the organization of knowledge – Egocentricity – Beneffectance – Cognitive conservatism Psy 240: Williams 4 Egocentricity Self perceived as more central to events than it is. – Memory revolves around self Events are encoded and recorded such that self is remembered as a leading player in the past (sort of like Forrest Gump). Self is perceived as the axis of cause and effect.
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3 Psy 240: Williams 5 Beneffectance
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