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social beliefs - Social Beliefs Judgments Psy 240 Fall 2006...

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1 Social Beliefs & Judgments Psy 240; Fall 2006 Purdue University Dr. Kipling Williams Psy 240: Williams 2 Heider-Simmel Tape We are inclined to explain behavior so much, that we even infer motives to animated objects, without prompting. We see complex interpersonal information with emotions.
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2 Psy 240: Williams 3 Why and How We Explain Others’ Behavior Attribution Theory – Dispositional vs. situational attributions – Actor-Observer differences – Inferring traits Implicit personality theories © Michael Newman/PhotoEdit Psy 240: Williams 4 Kelly’s Principles of Covariation • Consensus – Does everybody do this behavior? • Distinctiveness – Does s/he only do this behavior when in this particular situation (or with this particular person)? • Consistency – Does s/he always do this sort of thing?
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3 Psy 240: Williams 5 Kelly’s Two Basic Principles of Attribution • Discounting – If we can only think of a single cause, we are more certain that is the reason for the behavior.
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