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Psyc317 Lec 20 Notes

Psyc317 Lec 20 Notes - Psyc317 Lec 20 Notes Language and...

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Psyc317 Lec 20 Notes: Language and Thought 2  29/11/2007 23:04:00 time-affected by language because it’s such an abstract concept  - other areas of  cognition will be less affected: Color perception color perception is categorical neurophysiological theories explain process of color perception, in terms of  specific receptors for different wavelengths + opponent-processes of  receptors’ responses however: there isn’t color-specificity at the neurological level there is plasticity in the neurological response the neurological processes undergo maturation thus, language could have an effect Evidence for universality in color perception Berlin & Kay (1969) analysis of languages o There is similarity in how colors are categorized (blues, reds, etc.) o There is a fixed order in the existence of color terms Priority of categorization, only 3 colors labeled, they would be  black/white, red, but didn’t have non-ling. Test of cognition o Black/white o Red o Green/Yellow o Blue
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o Brown o Pink/Orange/Purple/Grey Rosch Heider (1972) Study 1 o Participants: English speakers and speakers of Dani (New Guinea) – a  language with only two color terms (dark and light) o Task: shown a patch of a specific color (hue and brightness), and then  a number of patches o Finding: The Dani-speakers, as the English speakers, were better at  recognizing focal colors (like prototypical bright red vs. brick red) Study 2 o Task: taught Dani novel words for color categories o Finding: the Dani learned better if the teaching exemplar was focal  Conclusion: perceptual – cognitive factors are what’s important Critique: Dani were performing much worse than English speakers “In short, far from being a domain well suited to the study of the effects of  language on thought, the color space would seem to a prime example of the  influence of the underlying perceptual-cognitive factors on the formation and  reference of linguistic categories.” (p.20) Recent evidence Brain-damaged people with problems in color naming also have problem in  color perception
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Psyc317 Lec 20 Notes - Psyc317 Lec 20 Notes Language and...

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