Solution_Chpt11 - Solution_Chapter11 Acct 2311 F09 Li 4....

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Solution_Chapter11 Acct 2311 F09 Li Page 1 of 6 4. Common stock—the usual or normal stock of the corporation. It is the voting stock and generally ranks after the preferred stock for dividends and assets distributed upon dissolution. Often it is called the residual equity. Common stock may be either par value or no-par value. Preferred stock—when one or more additional classes of stock are issued, the additional classes are called preferred stock. Preferred stock has modifications that make it different from common stock. Generally, preferred stock has both favorable and unfavorable features in comparison with common stock. Preferred stock usually is par value stock and usually specifies a dividend rate such as “6% preferred stock.” 7. The two basic sources of stockholders’ equity are: Contributed capital—the amount invested by stockholders by purchase from the corporation of shares of stock. It is comprised of two separate elements: (1) the par or stated amount derived from the sale of capital stock (common or preferred) and (2) the amount received in excess of par or stated value. Retained earnings—the accumulated amount of all net income since the organization of the corporation, less losses and less the accumulated amount of dividends paid by the corporation since organization. 9. Treasury stock is a corporation’s own capital stock that was sold (issued) and subsequently reacquired by the corporation. Corporations frequently purchase shares of their own capital stock for sound business reasons, such as to obtain shares needed for employees’ bonus plans, to influence the market price of the stock, to increase earnings per share amounts, and to have shares on hand for use in the acquisition of other companies. Treasury stock, while held by the issuing corporation, confers no voting, dividend, or other stockholder rights. 10. Treasury stock is reported on the balance sheet under stockholders’ equity as a deduction; that is, as contra stockholders’ equity. Any “gain or loss” on treasury stock that has been sold is reported on the financial statements as an addition to contributed capital if a gain; if a loss, it is deducted from any previous contributed capital, or otherwise from retained earnings. 13. A stock dividend involves the issuance to the stockholders of a dividend in the corporation’s own stock (rather than cash). A stock dividend is significantly different from a cash dividend in that the corporation does not disburse any assets, while in the case of a cash dividend, cash is decreased by the amount of the dividend. A cash dividend also reduces total stockholders’ equity by the amount of the dividend. In contrast, a stock dividend does not change total stockholders’ equity. 14. The primary purposes for issuing a stock dividend are: (1) to maintain dividend
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Solution_Chpt11 - Solution_Chapter11 Acct 2311 F09 Li 4....

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