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ABS 100: Global Health CH 1 What is Global Health?•Global Health topic terms: Disease, Sickness, Health, Equality, Worldwide, Enviromint, People, Culture, Wellbeing, Improving, Medicine, etc. •Definitions of Global Health ◦Do we need a common definition of Global Health? ▪To come up with shared ideas ◦Transnational focus of health issues and interventions ▪“health problems, issues, and concerns that transcend national boundaries, may be influenced by circumstances or experiences in other countries, and are best addressed by cooperative actions and solutions” (Ins. Of Medicine 1997) ▪Those health issues that transcend national boundaries and governmentsand call for actions on the global forces that determine the health of people (Kickbush 2006) ▪Health issues where their determinants circumvent, undermine or and oblivious to the territorial boundaries of states, and are thus beyond the capacity of individual countries to address through domestic institutions (HK Gov. 2008) ▪Transnational impacts of globalization upon health determinants and health problems which are beyond the control of individual nations. (Smith et al. 2006) ◦Equity and Action ▪Places a priority on improving health and achieving health equity for all people worldwide. (Global health emphasizes transnational health issues, determinants and solutions; involves many disciplines within and beyond the health sciences and promotes inter-disciplinary collaboration; and is a synthesis of population-based prevention with individual-level clinical care.’ (Koplanet al. 2009, emphasis added)) ▪Promoting health for all(collaborative trans-national research and action for (Beagleholeand Bonita 2010)) ▪improvement of health, reduction of disparities, and protection against global threats◦Collaboration of non-governmental and institutional actors ▪The term “global” is also associated with the growing importance of actors beyond governmental or intergovernmental organizations and agencies (ex. The media, internationally influential foundations, non-governmental organizations, and transnational corporations. - Brown et al. 2006) ▪Global health is not only about ideas or concerns, but about actors whom we must clearly identify and whose interests we should analyze. •Global, Public, and international Health ◦How does global health differ from Public Health or international health? ◦Public Health ▪The science of protesting and improving the health of people and their communities. This work is achieved by promoting healthy lifestyles, researching disease and injury prevention, and detecting, preventing and responding to infectious diseases. ▪Public health is concerned with protecting the health of entire population.(the population can be as small as a local neighborhood, or as big countries or regions of the world) ▪P.H. professionals try to prevent problems from happening or recurring through implementing educational programs, recommending policies, administering services and conducting research •Public Health as Global Health?