spirituality article 5

spirituality article 5 - little room for imagination or...

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Valkenberg, Patti M., and Tom H.A. Van Der Voort. "Influence of TV on Daydreaming and Creative Imagination: A Review of Research." APA, 1994. Web. <http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/bul/116/2/316.html>. The authors begin their study by citing a frequent claim made by many esteemed writings that says that television stunts the growth of the imagination. They point out, however, that imagination is often a word that goes undefined by these authors. Imagination can be closely associated with fantasy, daydreaming, creativity, and even spirituality. The authors’ stimulation hypothesis was that children watching television enhances creative imagination by providing a source of ideas from which the child may draw when it comes to the creative thinking and forming process. On the other hand, the authors had a reduction hypothesis which stated that television watching hinders the creative development process in which TV gives the viewer ready-made visual images and leaves
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Unformatted text preview: little room for imagination or creative thinking like books do. Three types of instruments were used in the testing stage of the study and they include divergent thinking tests, teacher ratings, and inkblot tests. Divergent thinking tests have the testee come up with as many solutions to one open-ended problem as they can. For example, “how many uses can you think of for a shoe?” Teacher ratings involve the child’s teacher coming up with a rating of the child’s creativity in the classroom setting on a pre-set scale. Inkblot tests see what the child can come up with when he or she looks at a blot of ink on the page. The more images the child sees, the more creative he or she is. A group of children were chosen who watched TV compared to those who do not have a television set at home. The study concluded that television was detrimental to a child’s divergent thinking and reduced the level of imagination, fantasy, creativity, and spirituality....
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