Psyc317 Lec 13 Notes

Psyc317 Lec 13 Notes - Psyc317 Lec 13 Notes: Cognitive...

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Psyc317 Lec 13 Notes: Cognitive Systems 17/10/2007 13:08:00 Personal agency vs. harmony
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Personal agency Harmony 
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ancient Greece herding/fishing = independence citizens w/ rights assertiveness, self-expression, debate Aristotelian logic Abstract thought (b/c people came from  completely different situations) Rules  Analysis (application of logical rules to  make decision about who’s right or  wrong) Ancient China Agricultural = cooperation Feudal hierarchical society organization Conformity, attention to others, non- confrontation, live in cooperation with  others Find Confucian “middle way,”  compromise as to not harm the whole  group by breaking harmony Small villages, all involved in same  kinds of activity, working towards same  end Pragmatism, what’s the best for the  group and situation, look at particulars  and context Relationships Dialectics, apply dialogue and  compromise, do not search for objective  truth, look for most convenient truth, do  not use abstract thought
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Analytic vs. Holistic
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Analytic Holistic Attention Objects Context Control Illusion No effect Explanation Principled Experiential
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Debates Persuasion compromise
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in analytic belief, people believe they have some control of what goes on in their  life. Holistic – people believe that he or she is not contributing to what’s going on in the  environment, rather, he/she is a result. In analytic thinking, explanations   principle rules, logic Right side, wrong side In holistic thinking, explanations from experience Debates solved by compromise Attention: context effect Percent recognition of fish, Japanese recognize them better than Americans in  original, but worse in the novel environment Americans were not affected by change in background of the fish o Background of fish served as more of a cue for the Japanese Context effect: if you learn something and then are tested for that something in  the same environment, your recollection will be better than if you are tested in a  different environment Do the eyes follow the mind? Picture of a plane in a background of mountains
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course PSYC 317 taught by Professor Gildiesendruck during the Fall '07 term at Yale.

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Psyc317 Lec 13 Notes - Psyc317 Lec 13 Notes: Cognitive...

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