Assessment 2 notes - Religious tradition depth study...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Religious tradition depth study [Cristianity] Pope John XXIII Biography: Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was born to relatively poor Italian parents in Northern Italy in 1881. He was ordained a Priest in 1904, and eventually taught at the Pontifical Lateran Seminary in Rome. After being removed for his radical ideas, he was eventually sent to the remote Bulgaria and later the 98% Muslim Turkey, where he was very successful despite not only the population (who warmed to him) and the will of the Holy See. He was sent to a divided France after WWII, a task thought to be impossible, and the Vatican hoped to spare a more important Bishop such a messy job. But Roncalli succeeded in winning over the hearts of the French, and for his efforts, was made a Cardinal by Pope Pius XII and made the metropolitan see of Venice. He was voted into the Papacy in 1958, and took the name of Pope John XXIII. He was intended by many that gave him the position to be a stop-gap Pope, one who was already far too old (he was nearing eighty at the time of his election) to change or do anything significant, and that at the next election a more significant Pope would be elected. But John XXII did not see it that way and thought to do what he finally had the power to do – “Open the windows of the Church, and let in the fresh air.” The Second Vatican Council was called by John XXIII for 1962, the first to be called to take action rather than to respond to other events. Some conservatives did not like the ideas that John XXIII, as well as thousands of other Bishops around the world, had in mind – in particular, the Vatican’s own Roman Curia. The Second Vatican Council went ahead and changed a great deal in Christianity, despite the death of Pope John XXIII in 1963. The Changes Brought About by Vatican II: The Liturgy : - Mass spoken in the vernacular - The laity played a bigger role - The mass was simplified and restructured - Priest now faced the congregation - Greater emphasis on scripture; laity could now study the Bible - Parish councils were established Ecumenism : - Catholics were encouraged to talk to and respect those of other Christian faiths. -
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

Assessment 2 notes - Religious tradition depth study...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online