Bones and Movement Terms

Bones and Movement Terms - Biology
E‐65C


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Unformatted text preview: Biology
E‐65C
 Bones
and
Parts
of
Bone
for
Exam
 Frontal
 Parietal
 Occipital
 ‐
Foramen
Magnum
 Temporal
 ‐ Temporal
lines
 ‐ Squamous
part
 ‐ Tympanic
part
 ‐ Mastoid
part
 ‐ Petrous
portion
 
 Sphenoid
 ‐ Lesser
wing
 ‐ Greater
wing
 Ethmoid
 Atlas
 Maxilla
 Nasal
 Mandible
 ‐ Mental
foramen
 ‐ Ramus
 ‐ Angle
 ‐ Body
 Vertebrate
 ‐ Cervical
(7)
 ‐ Thoracic
(12)
 ‐ Lumbar
(5)
 ‐ Sacral
 ‐ Coccygeal
 Sternum
 Ribs
 
 ‐ True
ribs
 ‐ False
ribs
 ‐ Floating
ribs
 Scapula
 Clavicle
 Humerus
 Radius
 Ulna
 Carpals
 Metacarpals
 Phalanges
 Pelvis
 ‐ Os
Coxa
 ‐ Ilium
 ‐ Ischium
 ‐ Pubis
 ‐ Sacrum
 ‐ Male
versus
Female
 Femur
 Patella
 Tibia
 Fibula
 Tarsals
 ‐ Calcaneous
 ‐ Talus
 ‐ Navicular
 ‐ Cuneiform
 ‐ Cuboid
 Metatarsals
 Phalanges
 Movement
Terms
for
Exam
 Flexion
–
decreasing
the
angle
of
a
joint
 Extension
–
straighten
and
return
to
the
anatomical
position
 Hyperextension
–
extension
beyond
180
degrees
 Abduction
‐
movement
of
a
part
away
from
the
midline

 Adduction
‐
movement
towards
the
midline
 Elevation
‐
a
movement
that
raises
a
bone
vertically
(mandibles
are
elevated
during
 biting
and
clavicles
during
a
shrug)
 Depression
‐
lowering
the
mandible
or
the
shoulders
 Protraction
‐
movement
anteriorly
on
horizontal
plane
(thrusting
the
jaw
forward,
 shoulders
or
pelvis
forward)
 Retraction
‐
movement
posteriorly
on
a
horizontal
plane
 Circumduction
‐
movement
in
which
one
end
of
an
appendage
remains
stationary
 while
the
other
end
makes
a
circular
motion;
Sequence
of
flexion,
abduction,
 extension
and
adduction
movements
 Medial
rotation
‐
turns
the
bone
inwards
 Lateral
rotation
‐
turns
the
bone
outwards
 Supination

‐
rotation
of
forearm
so
that
the
palm
faces
forward;
inversion
and
 abduction
of
foot
(raising
the
medial
edge
of
the
foot)
 Pronation
‐
rotation
of
forearm
so
the
palm
faces
to
the
rear;
eversion
and
 abduction
of
foot
(raising
the
lateral
edge
of
the
foot)

 Lateral
excursion
‐
sideways
movement

 Medial
excursion
‐
movement
back
to
the
midline
 Protraction
–
retraction
of
mandible
 Dorsiflexion
‐
raising
of
the
toes
as
when
you
swing
the
foot
forward
to
take
a
step
 (heel
strike)
 Plantarflexion
‐
extension
of
the
foot
so
that
the
toes
point
downward
as
in
 standing
on
tiptoe
 Inversion
‐
a
movement
in
which
the
soles
are
turned
medially
 Eversion
‐
a
turning
of
the
soles
to
face
laterally
 
 
 
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