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Unformatted text preview: Philosophical perspectives Psychology is born in the U.S. o Will James (also 1875) o How consciousness works Why we have thoughts o Functionalism o Study function/purpose of consciousness E.g., memory: Ebbinghaus E.g., intelligence: Binet E.g., memory: Calkins* o G. Stanley Hall o Esp. 1 st independent Psych lab in US Johns Hopkins Philosophies Theoretical Perspectives Schools Early 1900s: o Emphasis on learning in US psych o Behaviorism o According to Watson: o Should study only observable responses learned associations Meanwhile Back in Europe o Sigmund Freud o According to Freud: Should study unconscious motivation of behavior Psychoanalytic perspective B.F. Skinner o Resurrects behaviorism Emphasis on positive & negative Consequences of behavior Cognitive Psychology o Piaget o Testing o...
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2012 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Gottlieb during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.
- Spring '08