9.22 & 9.24

9.22 & 9.24 - Perceptual Interpretation Perceptual...

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Perceptual Interpretation Perceptual Set Perceptual set is a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another. What you see in the center picture is influenced by flanking pictures. Schemas: Features on a Face: Face schemas are accentuated by specific features in the face. Eyes and mouth play a dominant role in face recognition. Ex: upside down picture of Madonna Cultural Context: Context instilled by culture also alter perception. Ex: East African woman vs. US woman Human factors psychologists design machines that assist our natural perceptions. Ex: Stove knobs Human Factors in Space: To combat conditions of monotony, stress and weightlessness in traveling to Mars, NASA engages Human Factor Psychologists. Is There Extrasensory Perception? Perception without sensory input is called extrasensory perception (ESP). A large percentage of scientists do not believe in ESP. Parapsychology: The study of paranormal phenomena, including ESP ad psycho kinesis. Claims of ESP: Paranormal phenomena include claims of astrological predictions, psychic healing, and communication with the dead and out of body experience, but the most relevant are telepathy, clairvoyance and precognition. 1. Telepathy : Mind-to mind communication. One person sending thoughts and the other receiving it. 2. Clairvoyance: Perception of remote events. Like sensing a friend’s house on fire. 3. Precognition : Perceiving future events. Such as a political leader’s death. Putting ESP to Experimental Test: In an experiment with 28,000 individuals, Wiseman tested psychically influencing or predicting a coin toss. People were able to correctly influence or predict a coin toss 49.8% of the time.
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States of Consciousness: Forms of Consciousness: Consciousness, modern psychologists believe, is an awareness of ourselves and our environment. Neuroscientists believe that consciousness emerges from the interaction of individual brain events much like a chord that emerges from different notes. The unconscious mind processes information simultaneously on multiple tracks, the conscious mind process information sequentially. Biological Rhythms: Biological rhythms are controlled by internal “biological clocks” 1. Annual cycles : On an annual cycle, geese migrate, grizzly bears hibernate, and humans experience seasonal variations in appetite, sleep, and mood. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a mood disorder caused by dark winter months. 2.
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9.22 & 9.24 - Perceptual Interpretation Perceptual...

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