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Unit 11- Emotion

Unit 11- Emotion - UNIT 11 EMOTION Theories of Emotion...

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UNIT 11: EMOTION Theories of Emotion: Emotions are a mix of: 1. Physiological activation 2. Expressive behaviors 3. Conscious experience Controversy: 1) Does physiological arousal precede or follow your emotional experience? 2) Does cognition (thinking) precede emotion (feeling)? Commonsense View: As you become happy, your heart starts beating faster. First comes conscious awareness of the emotion, and then comes physiological activity . James-Lange Theory: William James and Carl Lange proposed an idea that was a diametrically opposed to the common sense view. The James-Lange Theory proposes that physiological activity precedes the emotional experience. Cannon-Bard Theory: Walter Cannon and Phillip Bard questioned the James-Lange theory and proposed emotion- triggering stimulus and body’s arousal take place simultaneously. Walter Cannon and Phillip Bard opposed the James-Lange theory on two Counts: 1. The body’s responses were not distinct enough to evoke different emotions. 2. Physiological responses seemed too slow to trigger sudden emotions. Two Factor Theory: Stanley Schacter and Jerome Singer proposed yet another theory, which suggested that our physiology and our cognitions create emotions. Emotions have two factors- physical arousal and cognitive label. Embodied Emotion:
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We know that emotions involve bodily response. Some of these response are easy to notice (butterflies in stomach when fear arises) but others are more difficult to discern (neurons activated in the brain). Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous System: During an emotional experience, our autonomic nervous system mobilizes energy in the body and arouses us. Arousal and Performance: Arousal in short spurts is adaptive. We perfume better under moderate arousal ; however optimal performance varies with task difficulty. Easy tasks : we generally perform better with higher level arousal Difficult tasks : we generally perform better with lower level of arousal Physiological Similarities: Physiological responses are similar across the emotions of fear, anger, and sexual arousal.
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