Unit 13- Personality

Unit 13- Personality - UNIT 13: PERSONALITY THE...

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UNIT 13: PERSONALITY THE PSYCHODYNAMIC PERSPECTIVE (Module 44) Personality: Personality: an individual’s characteristic patter of thinking, feeling, and acting. Behavioral consistency (person is expected to behave relatively the same across different situations) Psychoanalytic Perspective: Freud’s clinical experience led him to develop the first comprehensive theory of personality which included the unconscious mind , psychosexual stages , and defense mechanisms . Psychoanalysis: (1): Freud’s theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motive and conflicts (2) The techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions. Unconscious Mind: Unconscious mind : according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. (According to modern psychologists, it is information process of which we are unaware) Freud asked patients to say whatever came to their mind ( free association ) to tap the unconscious. Dream Analysis: Another method to analyze the unconscious mind is through interpreting the manifest and latent contents of dreams. Manifest: the part of the dream that you are aware of; Latent: what the dream actually meant Model of Mind: The mind is like an iceberg. Mostly hidden and below the surface lies the unconscious mind. The preconscious stores temporary memories. Personality Structure: Personality develops as a result of our efforts to resolve conflicts between our biological impulses (id) and social restraints (superego) Id, Ego, and Superego: Id: unconsciously strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives operating on the pleasure principle , demanding immediate gratification.
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The Devil on your shoulder Ego : mostly conscious, functions as the “executive” part of personality and mediates the demands of id and superego. It operates on the reality principle.(makes the id’s impulses functional) Person trying to make sense of situation Superego : represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment and future aspirations; the conscience. The Angel on your shoulder Personality Development: Freud believed that personality formed during life’s first few years, which he divided into psychosexual stage: 1. Oral 2. Anal 3. Phallic 4. Latency 5. Genital During these stages the id’s pleasure seeking energies focus on pleasure-sensitive body areas called erogenous zones. Oedipus/Electra Complex: Oedipus Complex: A boy’s sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father.
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Electra Complex : a girl’s desire for her father and feelings of jealousy and hatred for her mother. Identification:
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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Unit 13- Personality - UNIT 13: PERSONALITY THE...

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