Unit 15- Therapy

Unit 15- Therapy - Unit 15: Therapy THE PSYCHOLOGICAL...

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Unit 15: Therapy THE PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES (Module 52): Psychological Therapies: We will look at four major forms of psychotherapy based on different theories on human nature: 1. Psychoanalytical theory 2. Humanistic theory 3. Behavioral theory 4. Cognitive theory Psychoanalysis: The first formal psychotherapy to emerge was psychoanalysis developed by Sigmund Freud . Aims: To bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness where the patient can deal with them. When energy devoted to id-ego-superego conflict is released, the patient’s anxiety lessens. Methods: Dissatisfied with hypnosis, Freud developed the method of free association to unravel the unconscious mind and its conflicts. Free association : the patient lies on a couch and specks whatever comes to his mind. Resistance : when, during free association, the patient edits his thoughts to resist his feelings and to resist expressing his emotions; becomes important in the analysis of conflict-driven anxiety. Transference: when the patient develops positive or negative feelings toward the therapist as a result of opening up and sharing his innermost thoughts Criticisms: 1. Psychoanalysis is hard to refute because it cannot be proven or disproven. 2. Psychoanalysis takes a long time and is very expensive. 3. The techniques are not empirically supported. Psychodynamic Therapies: Influenced by Freud, psychodynamic therapy understands symptoms and themes across important relationships in a patient’s life.
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Interpersonal Therapy (ITP) : focuses on symptom relief here and now, not overall personality change, through working on improving specific relationships in the patient’s life. Effective at treating depression. Humanistic Therapies: Person-Centered Therapy aims to boost self-fulfillment by helping people grow in self- awareness and self-acceptance. Person-Centered Therapy: Developed by Carl Rogers person-centered therapy is a form of humanistic therapy. The therapist listens to the needs of the patient in an accepting and non-judgmental way, addressing his problems in a productive way and building his or her self-esteem. Humanistic Therapy: The therapist engages in active listening and echoes, restates, and clarifies patient’s thinking, acknowledging expressed feelings. Behavior Therapy: Behavior therapy : therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. The basic premise is that maladaptive behaviors are learned and therefore can be unlearned. Classical Conditioning Techniques:
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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Unit 15- Therapy - Unit 15: Therapy THE PSYCHOLOGICAL...

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