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4071_Ch_2_Egypt

4071_Ch_2_Egypt - HUEC 4071 HISTORY OF DRESS AND ADORNMENT...

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HUEC 4071: HISTORY OF DRESS AND ADORNMENT BEFORE 1700 Dr. Jenna T. Kuttruff Doris & Jules Carville Professor School of Human Ecology Louisiana State University
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C H A P T E R    T W O THE ANCIENT MIDDLE EAST c. 3500 – 600 BC Egypt
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Old Kingdom: 2620 – 2260 BC Middle Kingdom: c. 2134 -1786 BC New Kingdom: 1575 -1087 BC The Egyptian civilization grew up along the Nile River. Tortora 2006
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Egyptian Empire c. 1400 BC
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Civilizations of the Ancient World Tortora 1998 p 12 (& New) Greek Domination
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D IFFERENCES BETWEEN EGYPTIAN AND MESOPOTAMIAN CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Egyptian civilization - relatively slow to change similar geography and climate fewer outside influences maintained continuity in political and religious tradition Civilizations of Mesopotamia - displayed greater diversity varied geography and climate - specialized crops, nomadic herders greater outside influences invaders incorporated new ideas into older cultures
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Cultural differences influenced differences in dress Egyptians loved clarity of form in life and in art (inc. dress) Babylonians loved pomp and luxury reflected in heavy fabrics, rich patterns, elaborate fringes Religion and morality expressed as different views of modesty in dress
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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: EGYPT (3100-300 BC) Egyptian civilization developed along the Nile River in NE Africa protected from foreign invaders by deserts and the seas agriculture flourished, rich soils More details of life and history of Egypt are known than for Mesopotamia Written records - information on life and religion Buried dead with personal possessions (preserved in dry climate) Paintings and sculpture, inc. individuals in a variety of daily tasks
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Periods in Ancient Egypt Early Dynastic Period - 3200-2620 BC Two kingdoms, upper and lower, were united under first pharaoh First pyramid constructed Earliest form of Egyptian writing (hieroglyphics) Old Kingdom - 2620-2280 BC Powers of pharaohs had become unlimited Pyramid building became chief activity of monarchy First Intermediate Period - 2260-2134 BC Time of troubles, civil war, and disorder
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Egyptian Hieroglyphics http://www.nku.edu/~anthro/hieroglyphics.jpg http://www.mykreeve.net/egypt/the_nile/edfu /laboratory_hieroglyphics_edfu_temple.jpg
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http://college.hmco.com/history/west/mosaic/chapter1/images/hieroglyphics.jpg
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Periods in Ancient Egypt Middle Kingdom - 2134-1786 BC Pharaohs united the country, stronger central government restored Public works benefiting the population replaced pyramid building Prosperity returned, wealth more widely spread among Egyptian people Second Intermediate Period - 1786-1575 BC
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