4071_Ch_2_Mesopotamia_Pt1_Bkg_Ancient_Middle_East

4071_Ch_2_Mesopotamia_Pt1_Bkg_Ancient_Middle_East - HUEC...

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HUEC 4071: HISTORY OF DRESS AND ADORNMENT BEFORE 1700 Dr. Jenna T. Kuttruff School of Human Ecology Louisiana State University
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Part I: The Ancient World c. 3500 B.C.-A.D. 300 Ancient Middle East 3500 - 600 B.C. Crete and Greece c. 2900 - 300 B.C. Etruria and Rome c. 800 B.C. - A.D. 400
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Locations of Ancient World Civilizations Tortora 1998 p 13
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THE ANCIENT WORLD c. 3000 B.C. - A.D. 300 Roots of Western Civilization are found in area around the Mediterranean Sea Cultures formed the artistic, religious, philosophical, and political basis of western culture
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THE ANCIENT WORLD c. 3000 B.C. - A.D. 300 Mesopotamia - areas surrounding Tigris and Euphrates Rivers Sumerian Babylonian Assyrian Egyptian - Nile River valley and delta Minoan - Island of Crete Mycenaean - mainland Greece Dorians - dark ages of Greece Classical Greek Etruscans - north of Rome (central Italy) Romans - Italian peninsula
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Roman Empire Map 13; Life Application Bible: NIV ; Zondervan Publishing; 1991.
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Civilizations of the Ancient World Tortora 1998 p 12
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THE ANCIENT WORLD c. 3000 B.C. - A.D. 300 Costume, as well as other art forms, of the different Mediterranean cultures showed both independent characteristics and similarities Most garments were draped length of square, rectangular, or semicircular fabric draped/wrapped to create a variety of styles fastened together with pins (fibula) or by sewing included loin cloths, skirts, tunics, shawls, cloaks, and veils
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Map of the Ancient Middle East Tortora 2006
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HUEC 4071: HISTORY OF DRESS AND ADORNMENT BEFORE 1700 Chapter 2: The Ancient Middle East c. 3500 – 600 BC Mesopotamia
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Early Sumerian: 3500-2500 BC Later Sumerian and Babylonian: 2500-1000 BC Assyrian: 1000-600 BC Mesopotamia, site of the first civilizations in the Middle East Tortora 2006
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D IFFERENCES BETWEEN EGYPTIAN AND MESOPOTAMIAN CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Civilizations of Mesopotamia - displayed greater diversity varied geography and climate - specialized crops, nomadic herders greater outside influences invaders incorporated new ideas into older cultures Egyptian civilization - relatively slow to change similar geography and climate fewer outside influences maintained continuity in political and religious tradition
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Cultural differences influenced differences in dress Egyptians loved clarity of form in life and in art (inc. dress) Babylonians loved pomp and luxury reflected in heavy fabrics, rich patterns, elaborate fringes Religion and morality expressed as different views of modesty in dress
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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: MESOPOTAMIA Mesopotamia - between rivers, Tigris and Euphrates Towns and cities developed in southern part agriculture herding Developed increasingly complex social organization
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course HUEC 4071 taught by Professor Kuttruff during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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4071_Ch_2_Mesopotamia_Pt1_Bkg_Ancient_Middle_East - HUEC...

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