EXAM 1 - Sociology The Sociological Imagination o What is...

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Sociology The Sociological Imagination o What is sociology- the scientific study of human society o “the function of sociology, as of every science, is to reveal that which is hidden” –Pierre Bourdieu o Auguste Comte- Coined the term “sociology” Writer during the time of the industrial revolution. Democracy was building, and religious authority declined during the Industrial Revolution. Established a science to uncover the dynamics of society. o Social Institution: A group of social positions Connected by social relations That performs a social role We change social institutions daily through ordinary interactions o Social Identity: How individuals view themselves in relation to groups to which they do or don’t belong. We all contribute to each other’s social identity. o C. Wright Mills: Argued that we need to use our sociological imagination in order to understand the social forces around us. The Sociological Imagination: Connections between biography and history Private trouble vs. public issues o Using your sociological imagination: Make the familiar strange Look for the “little differences” o Emile Durkheim Wrote “Suicide” Big social study that discovered how social forces can influence individual acts. “Elementary Forms of Religious Life” Building blocks of religion o Structural functionalism: Society = living organism Social institutions like vital organs Emphasizes role of agreement (consensus) in maintaining order in society. o Karl Marx Humanity unique for its ability to create Communist Manifesto
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Owners have most power Social inequality = unequal access to resources o Conflict Theory: Idea that social inequality results from power struggle between groups o Max Weber The protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism Protestant work ethic created capitalism Verstehen: German for understanding- we should look through everyone and try to understand them before judging them o Symbolic interactionism People act based on symbolic meanings they attach to objects and people o Perspective of Theories: Macro sociology: Structural functionalism Conflict theory
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Fall '07 term at LSU.

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EXAM 1 - Sociology The Sociological Imagination o What is...

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