Exam 2 - 3/10/10 Education: Goals of U. S. schools: Mid...

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/ / 3 10 10 : Education . . : Goals of U S schools Mid 1800s : goal of shared knowledge for all Americans : 1920s , each student reaches personal potential and develops their own skills for later use o : Ex shop class 1930s : schools should be efficient bureaucracies 1950s : ; during the Cold War catch up to Russian students 1954 : ; desegregation started a theme for equal opportunities for learning ( ): Coleman Report 1966 Schools were still highly segregated Gap in scores between black students and white students o - In early years the gap was 1 2 grades o - By senior year the gap was 3 4 grades School quality had no effect on student performance , , , Any difference in the facility teacher characteristics funding etc had no effect What mattered? o Social class and race of the student body had the most ( effect on student performance composition of the ) student body o Schools with students that were mostly middle class were better off than poor student bodies Home background was the most important factor o If your family made more money and had more education you were going to do better than those less fortunate Individual student attitudes matters a lot as well o , , If you liked school had a drive to succeed and had a . teacher that inspired you then that helped : Improving Performance Smaller class sizes ( ) Private schools especially Catholic private schools o High level of social capital in Catholic schools o High level of community
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: Best practices in teaching o Methods that are supported by research : Stupid in America Test scores of most public schools show that the schools are not that good : Education , , Process through which academic social and cultural ideas . and tools are developed : You are investing in your own human capital o Knowledge and skills that make one more productive and bankable ( ): Socioeconomic status SES An individual s position in a stratified social order & , For children you measure a parent s education occupation family income and wealth : Cultural capital Cultural and social class resources that people inherit and use to their advantage Forms of Cultural capital : . 1 Embodied Refers to cultural abilities or skills . 2 : Objectified Refers to cultural objects that you own or can access
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Fall '07 term at LSU.

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Exam 2 - 3/10/10 Education: Goals of U. S. schools: Mid...

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