EXAM 3 - Gender: 3/29/10 Essentialism: Explaining the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
3/29/10 Gender : Essentialism : Explaining the social in terms of the natural This view relies very heavily on biological determinism Your biology directly determines your social reality o Penis you like sports and working on cars o Vagina you like shopping and talking about emotions Binary sex : means only male and female, and heterosexuality is assumed Terms: Sex : biological differences Gender : social construction built around sex Sexuality : refers to sexual desire, preferences, identity and behavior Transgender : 1-3 of 1,000 babies are born with ambiguous genitalia In most cases surgery is performed to fix it The recommendation now is to assign gender based on biological tests Transgendered Adults: Gender identity disorder : “born into the wrong gender” o This is a psychological disorder that you can treat with surgery and/or mental health care Ex: Gender reassignment surgery, hormone therapy o Social issues are considered the most severe problem Patriarchy: A nearly universal system involving the subordination of femininity to masculinity
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Why patriarchy? Structural Functionalism : (the way stuff works) An essentialist perspective A sexual division of labor ensures a stable society The nuclear family is seen as ideal for reproducing workers (the children grow up learning their proper Critiques: Cannot explain patriarchy because it is too simplistic : it says the structure exists because it works It doesn’t explain change in patriarchy- if the system works then what do you say when it changes? Conflict Theory : Capitalism reinforces unequal power between the sexes Marx + feminism = radical feminism Critiques : All gender differences do not come from inequality Men and women can be equal in capitalism Symbolic Interactionism : (micro level) Gender is a product of our interactions o Ex: Ludacris music video: him looking at a woman and getting a certain perception and acting on that We reinforce or break down patriarchy as we “do gender roles” (play our gender roles) Traditional trajectory : public: man at work, private: woman at home Critiques : It downplays social structure, power, and history 3/31/10 GENDER AND SEXUALITY Social construction of gender and sexuality:
Background image of page 2
Gender and sexuality are shaped by social interactions “Normal” and “abnormal” defined by our social environment, not by nature. Media Images- Femininity: In the media we see women’s bodies everywhere Average U.S. woman is 5’4, 163lbs, and size 14 Media Images- Masculinity: Single men are confident risk takers o They are in beer commercials, car commercials, etc Married men are silly and incompetent o Ex: doofy men commercial Homosexual: Classification of one who has sexual attraction and/or relations with the same sex Homosexuality across cultures: Ancient Greece : characterized by lots of homosexual
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Fall '07 term at LSU.

Page1 / 13

EXAM 3 - Gender: 3/29/10 Essentialism: Explaining the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online