1 CHAPTER 14 - CHAPTER 14 The Family the State and Social...

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CHAPTER 14: The Family, the State, and Social Policy Historically : Colonial Era, little economic assistance provided 1929, The Great Depression hits Beginning of government economic intervention to aid American families Social Security Act of 1935: o The federal act that created, among other provisions, Social Security, unemployment compensation, and aid to mothers with dependent children (later renamed Aid to Families with Dependent Children) Created pension Pensions for the elderly Government is more involved in supporting families economically today TANF- Temporary Assistance for Needy Families SNAP- Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Plan (aim is to reduce hunger and malnutrition, started in the 1960s) Most of these programs focused on the well being of children and the elderly Most Americans receive substantial government assistance In the form of tax credits and tax breaks Family Policy: 1980s and 1990s, family policy becomes a major political issue (Political beliefs about how the government should assist caring for dependents) Two Main Issues: 1. How to respond to the growth of single-parent families and childhood poverty Response: reform welfare or force fathers to pay child support) 2. Whether and how to assist parents employed outside of the home Response: Provide child care subsidies, or parental leave subsidies The Development of the Welfare State: State – a government that claims the right to rule a given territory and its population and to have a monopoly of force in that territory Nation – a people with shared economic and cultural interests—people have a shared sense of belonging, a common bond Nation-state – combines the governmental and cultural connotations of “nation”
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and “state” o Referring to the country The Welfare State: Capitalism Followed by most Western countries, including the U.S.
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1 CHAPTER 14 - CHAPTER 14 The Family the State and Social...

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