CHAPTER 8 - CHAPTER 8 WORK AND FAMILIES Historically Paid...

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CHAPTER 8: WORK AND FAMILIES Historically Paid work vs. unpaid work Homemaker-breadwinner model is not a natural division of labor Contextual shift Families paying for services or relying on kin for unpaid help Fathers are taking on more unpaid responsibilities (like caring for children) Recent Survey: Decision making among the families have changed compared to the past Labor force participation rates of married women with children under age 18 From Single-Earner to Dual-Earner Marriages Rise of the service sector – workers who provide personal service From farms to cities- more jobs in the city, so women have more opportunities to go out and work Fewer children = less of a need to stay home; women with fewer children have less responsibilities Rise in divorce o Women needed to keep up their skills in case they got divorced so that they could take care of themselves if need be Women entering workforce was a profound change in American family life- it was one of the most important changes in the last century Balance of power between men and women was greatly affected Women still make less and education matters The current situation: o Slight decline in LF participation o
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