Theatre Final - Chapter 3 Theatre and Culture 06:45:00...

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Chapter 3: Theatre and Culture 14/05/2010 06:45:00 Theatre of the people is where artists outside the dominant culture express  themselves - Augusto Boal  called it “theatre of the oppressed” Theatre has been controlled by the dominant culture through racism, sexism,  discrimination, economic power, and social and religious customs Theatre of the people attempts to give a voice to all members of society as it  increases multiculturalism and reduces stereotyping Three types of Theatre of the people:     Theatre of identity  promotes a particular people’s cultural identity as it  strengthens the bonds of the community Theatre of protest  objects to the dominant culture’s control as it demands that a  minority culture’s voice and political agenda be heard Cross-culture theatre  mixes different cultures in an attempt to find  understanding of commonality among cultures Theatre of people attempts to lessen the conflict of  ethnocentrism  by raising  cultural consciousness of audiences. Government organizations (ex: National Endowment for the Arts) try to promote  culture understanding by funding art created by non-mainstream cultures and allowing  all voices to be heard Theatre of the people attempts to correct the biases and address the stereotypes  rather than reflecting the dominant culture
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Willis Richardson  was the first black playwright to have a play on Broadway that  was not a musical-  The Chip Woman’s Fortune Lorraine Hansberry  was the first black woman playwright to be produced on  Broadway. (1959) Ethnocentrism : when we see the world from a certain point of view, through our  culture, and think that it is the correct view.
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Chapter 4: Experiencing and Analyzing Plays  14/05/2010 06:45:00 Even though each member of the audience is unique, when they join together in  a group, there are forces at work that can change how they feel and react. These forces include:     Group dynamics Suspension of disbelief Aesthetic distance Some plays require you to be active, and others require you to sit quietly in the  dark Depending on the type of play you see, the rules of etiquette change, and this  ranges from behavior to wardrobe
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