micrelksz8893MQL

micrelksz8893MQL - KSZ8893MQL/MBL Integrated 3-Port 10/100...

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Unformatted text preview: KSZ8893MQL/MBL Integrated 3-Port 10/100 Managed Switch with PHYs Rev. 1.5 with patented mixed-signal low-power technology, three media access control (MAC) units, a highspeed non-blocking switch fabric, a dedicated address lookup engine, and an on-chip frame buffer memory. Both PHY units support 10BASE-T and 100BASETX. In addition, one PHY unit supports 100BASE-FX. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL comes in a lead-free package, and is also available in industrial temperature-grade KS8893MQLI/MBLI and Automotive-grade KSZ8893 MQL AM. (See Ordering Information). General Description The KSZ8893MQL/MBL, a highly integrated layer 2 managed switch, is designed for low port count, cost-sensitive 10/100 Mbps switch systems. It offers an extensive feature set that includes rate limiting, tag/port-based VLAN, QoS priority, management, management information base (MIB) counters, RMII/MII/SNI, and CPU control/data interfaces to effectively address both current and emerging Fast Ethernet applications. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL contains two 10/100 transceivers ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Functional Diagram HP AUTO MDIX 10/100 T/TX/FX PHY 1 10/100 MAC 1 10/100 T/TX PHY 2 10/100 MAC 2 RMII/MII/ SNI 10/100 MAC 3 SNI SPI SPI MIIM CONTROL REGISTERS SMI FIFO, FLOW CONTROL, VLAN TAGGING, PRIORITY HP AUTO MDIX 1K LOOK-UP ENGINE QUEUE MANAGEMENT BUFFER MANAGEMENT FRAME BUFFERS MIB COUNTERS EEPROM INTERFACE I2C P1 LED[3:0] P2 LED[3:0] LED DRIVERS STRAP IN CONFIGURATION LinkMD is a registered trademark of Micrel, Inc. Product names used in this datasheet are for identification purposes only and may be trademarks of their respective companies. December 2007 1 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Features • Proven Integrated 3-Port 10/100 Ethernet Switch – 3rd generation switch with three MACs and two PHYs fully compliant with IEEE 802.3u standard – Non-blocking switch fabric assures fast packet delivery by utilizing an 1K MAC address lookup table and a store-and-forward architecture – Full duplex IEEE 802.3x flow control (PAUSE) with force mode option – Half-duplex back pressure flow control – HP Auto MDI-X for reliable detection of and correction for straight-through and crossover cables with disable and enable option TM – Micrel LinkMD TDR-based cable diagnostics permit identification of faulty copper cabling – 100BASE-FX support on port 1 – MII interface supports both MAC mode and PHY mode – RMII interface support with external 50MHz system clock – 7-wire serial network interface (SNI) support for legacy MAC – Comprehensive LED Indicator support for link, activity, full/half duplex and 10/100 speed • Switch Monitoring Features – Port mirroring/monitoring/sniffing: ingress and/or egress traffic to any port or MII – MIB counters for fully compliant statistics gathering, 34 MIB counters per port – Loopback modes for remote diagnostic of failure • Low Power Dissipation: – Full-chip hardware power-down (register configuration not saved) – Per port based software power-save on PHY (idle link detection, register configuration preserved) – Voltages: Single power supply: 3.3V o o • Industrial Temperature Range: –40 C to +85 C • Available in 128-Pin PQFP and 100-ball LFBGA, Lead- free package Applications • Typical – Media Converter – FTTx customer premises equipment – VoIP Phone – SOHO Residential Gateway – Broadband Gateway / Firewall / VPN – Integrated DSL/Cable Modem – Wireless LAN access point + gateway – Set-top/Game Box – Standalone 10/100 switch • Comprehensive Configuration Register Access – Serial management interface (SMI) to all internal registers – MII management (MIIM) interface to PHY registers 2 – SPI and I C Interface to all internal registers – I/0 pins strapping and EEPROM to program selective registers in unmanaged switch mode – Control registers configurable on the fly (port-priority, 802.1p/d/q, AN…) • Upgradeable(1) – Unmanaged switch with future option to migrate to a managed solution – Single PHY alternative with future expansion option for two ports • QoS/CoS Packet Prioritization Support – Per port, 802.1p and DiffServ-based – Re-mapping of 802.1p priority field per port basis – Four priority levels • Industrial • Advanced Switch Features – Applications requiring port redundancy and port monitoring – Sensor devices in redundant ring topology – IEEE 802.1q VLAN support for up to 16 groups (fullrange of VLAN IDs) – VLAN ID tag/untag options, per port basis – IEEE 802.1p/q tag insertion or removal on a per port basis (egress) – Programmable rate limiting at the ingress and egress on a per port basis – Broadcast storm protection with % control (global and per port basis) – IEEE 802.1d spanning tree protocol support – Special tagging mode to inform the processor which ingress port receives the packet – IGMP snooping (Ipv4) and MLD snooping (Ipv6) support for multicast packet filtering – MAC filtering function to forward unknown unicast packets to specified port – Double-tagging support – Support IEEE 802.1w, 802.1t spanning tree Note: 1. Reduces cost and time of PCB re-spin. • Low Latency Support – Repeater mode December 2007 2 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Ordering Information Part Number Operation Grade Package Lead Finish Temp. Range KSZ8893MQL o o 0 C to 70 C Commercial 128-Pin PQFP Lead-Free o o Industrial 128-Pin PQFP Lead-Free o o Automotive grade 128-Pin PQFP Lead-Free Commercial 100-Ball LFBGA Standard Industrial 100-Ball LFBGA Standard KSZ8893MQLI –40 C to +85 C KSZ8893MQL AM -40 C to +85 C KSZ8893MBL KSZ8893MBLI o o 0 C to 70 C o o –40 C to +85 C Revision History Revision Date Summary of Changes 1.0 6/30/05 Initial release 1.1 11/17/05 Updated ordering information Updated package information Updated default register values Updated current consumption description Changed device reference in datasheet from KS8893M to KSZ8893MQL Added repeater mode description 1.2 02/08/07 Modify Table 5. RMII Signal Connections Add TLA-6T718 to Table 16. Qualified Single Port Magnetics 1.3 06/19/07 Add Thermal Resistance (θJC) to Operating Rating 1.4 10/16/07 Recommend connecting a 100ohm resistor between VDDC and 3.3V power rail. 11/05/07 Add the KSZ8893MBL BGA device information. 11/26/07 Modify the Hold time, Output valid in table 25, 26 and Figure 25,26 of MII interface timing. 1.5 12/10/07 Add the I2C timing diagram and parameters in Figure 24 to 27 and Table 28. 07/30/08 December 2007 Add MBLI to order information 3 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Contents List of Figures...................................................................................................................................... 8 List of Tables ....................................................................................................................................... 9 Pin Description and I/O Assignment of KSZ8893MQL .................................................................... 10 Ball Description and I/O Assignment of KSZ8893MBL ................................................................... 19 Pin Configuration............................................................................................................................... 26 Functional Overview: Physical Layer Transceiver .......................................................................... 28 100BASE-TX Transmit.........................................................................................................................................................28 100BASE-TX Receive ..........................................................................................................................................................28 PLL Clock Synthesizer........................................................................................................................................................28 Scrambler/De-scrambler (100BASE-TX Only) ...................................................................................................................29 100BASE-FX Operation.......................................................................................................................................................29 100BASE-FX Signal Detection............................................................................................................................................29 100BASE-FX Far-End Fault.................................................................................................................................................29 10BASE-T Transmit.............................................................................................................................................................29 10BASE-T Receive ..............................................................................................................................................................30 Power Management.............................................................................................................................................................30 MDI/MDI-X Auto Crossover.................................................................................................................................................30 Straight Cable ................................................................................................................................................................31 Crossover Cable ............................................................................................................................................................32 Auto-Negotiation .................................................................................................................................................................32 LinkMD Cable Diagnostics .................................................................................................................................................34 Access ...........................................................................................................................................................................34 Usage ............................................................................................................................................................................34 Functional Overview: MAC and Switch ............................................................................................ 35 Address Lookup ..................................................................................................................................................................35 Learning ...............................................................................................................................................................................35 Migration ..............................................................................................................................................................................35 Aging ....................................................................................................................................................................................35 Forwarding...........................................................................................................................................................................35 Switching Engine ................................................................................................................................................................38 MAC Operation ....................................................................................................................................................................38 Inter Packet Gap (IPG) ..................................................................................................................................................38 Back-Off Algorithm.........................................................................................................................................................38 Late Collision .................................................................................................................................................................38 Illegal Frames ................................................................................................................................................................38 Full Duplex Flow Control................................................................................................................................................38 Half-Duplex Backpressure .............................................................................................................................................38 Broadcast Storm Protection...........................................................................................................................................39 MII Interface Operation........................................................................................................................................................39 RMII Interface Operation .....................................................................................................................................................40 SNI (7-Wire) Operation ........................................................................................................................................................41 MII Management (MIIM) Interface .......................................................................................................................................42 Serial Management Interface (SMI) ....................................................................................................................................43 Repeater Mode.....................................................................................................................................................................43 Advanced Switch Functions ............................................................................................................. 44 Spanning Tree Support.......................................................................................................................................................44 Special Tagging Mode.........................................................................................................................................................45 IGMP Support ......................................................................................................................................................................46 IGMP Snooping .............................................................................................................................................................46 Multicast Address Insertion in the Static MAC Table .....................................................................................................46 IPv6 MLD Snooping.............................................................................................................................................................46 Port Mirroring Support........................................................................................................................................................47 IEEE 802.1Q VLAN Support ................................................................................................................................................47 December 2007 4 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL QoS Priority Support...........................................................................................................................................................48 Port-Based Priority..............................................................................................................................................................48 802.1p-Based Priority..........................................................................................................................................................48 DiffServ-Based Priority .......................................................................................................................................................49 Rate Limiting Support .........................................................................................................................................................49 Unicast MAC Address Filtering..........................................................................................................................................49 Configuration Interface .......................................................................................................................................................50 2 I C Master Serial Bus Configuration ..............................................................................................................................50 2 I C Slave Serial Bus Configuration ................................................................................................................................51 SPI Slave Serial Bus Configuration ...............................................................................................................................51 Loopback Support...............................................................................................................................................................54 Far-end Loopback..........................................................................................................................................................54 Near-end (Remote) Loopback .......................................................................................................................................55 MII Management (MIIM) Registers..................................................................................................... 56 PHY1 Register 0 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x0): MII Basic Control.........................................................................57 PHY2 Register 0 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x0): MII Basic Control.........................................................................57 PHY1 Register 1 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x1): MII Basic Status...........................................................................58 PHY2 Register 1 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x1): MII Basic Status...........................................................................58 PHY1 Register 2 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x2): PHYID High ..................................................................................58 PHY2 Register 2 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x2): PHYID High ..................................................................................58 PHY1 Register 3 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x3): PHYID Low ...................................................................................58 PHY2 Register 3 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x3): PHYID Low ...................................................................................58 PHY1 Register 4 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x4): Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Ability ...................................59 PHY2 Register 4 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x4): Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Ability ...................................59 PHY1 Register 5 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x5): Auto-Negotiation Link Partner Ability .......................................59 PHY2 Register 5 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x5): Auto-Negotiation Link Partner Ability .......................................59 PHY1 Register 29 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x1D): LinkMD Control/Status...........................................................60 PHY2 Register 29 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x1D): LinkMD Control/Status...........................................................60 PHY1 Register 31 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x1F): PHY Special Control/Status ...................................................60 PHY2 Register 31 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x1F): PHY Special Control/Status ...................................................60 Register Map: Switch & PHY (8-bit registers) .................................................................................. 61 Global Registers ............................................................................................................................................................61 Port Registers ................................................................................................................................................................61 Advanced Control Registers ..........................................................................................................................................61 Global Registers..................................................................................................................................................................61 Register 0 (0x00): Chip ID0 ...........................................................................................................................................61 Register 1 (0x01): Chip ID1 / Start Switch .....................................................................................................................62 Register 2 (0x02): Global Control 0 ...............................................................................................................................62 Register 3 (0x03): Global Control 1 ...............................................................................................................................63 Register 4 (0x04): Global Control 2 ...............................................................................................................................63 Register 4 (0x04): Global Control 2 (continued).............................................................................................................64 Register 5 (0x05): Global Control 3 ...............................................................................................................................64 Register 5 (0x05): Global Control 3 (continued).............................................................................................................65 Register 6 (0x06): Global Control 4 ...............................................................................................................................65 Register 6 (0x06): Global Control 4 (continued).............................................................................................................66 Register 7 (0x07): Global Control 5 ...............................................................................................................................66 Register 8 (0x08): Global Control 6 ...............................................................................................................................66 Register 9 (0x09): Global Control 7 ...............................................................................................................................66 Register 10 (0x0A): Global Control 8 .............................................................................................................................66 Register 11 (0x0B): Global Control 9 .............................................................................................................................67 Register 12 (0x0C): Global Control 10...........................................................................................................................67 Register 13 (0x0D): Global Control 11...........................................................................................................................68 Register 14 (0x0E): Global Control 12 ...........................................................................................................................68 Register 15 (0x0F): Global Control 13 ...........................................................................................................................68 Port Registers......................................................................................................................................................................68 Register 16 (0x10): Port 1 Control 0 ..............................................................................................................................69 Register 32 (0x20): Port 2 Control 0 ..............................................................................................................................69 Register 48 (0x30): Port 3 Control 0 ..............................................................................................................................69 Register 17 (0x11): Port 1 Control 1 ..............................................................................................................................70 Register 33 (0x21): Port 2 Control 1 ..............................................................................................................................70 Register 49 (0x31): Port 3 Control 1 ..............................................................................................................................70 December 2007 5 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 18 (0x12): Port 1 Control 2 ..............................................................................................................................71 Register 34 (0x22): Port 2 Control 2 ..............................................................................................................................71 Register 50 (0x32): Port 3 Control 2 ..............................................................................................................................71 Register 19 (0x13): Port 1 Control 3 ..............................................................................................................................72 Register 35 (0x23): Port 2 Control 3 ..............................................................................................................................72 Register 51 (0x33): Port 3 Control 3 ..............................................................................................................................72 Register 20 (0x14): Port 1 Control 4 ..............................................................................................................................72 Register 36 (0x24): Port 2 Control 4 ..............................................................................................................................72 Register 52 (0x34): Port 3 Control 4 ..............................................................................................................................72 Register 21 (0x15): Port 1 Control 5 ..............................................................................................................................72 Register 37 (0x25): Port 2 Control 5 ..............................................................................................................................72 Register 53 (0x35): Port 3 Control 5 ..............................................................................................................................72 Register 22 (0x16): Port 1 Control 6 ..............................................................................................................................73 Register 38 (0x26): Port 2 Control 6 ..............................................................................................................................73 Register 54 (0x36): Port 3 Control 6 ..............................................................................................................................73 Register 23 (0x17): Port 1 Control 7 ..............................................................................................................................74 Register 39 (0x27): Port 2 Control 7 ..............................................................................................................................74 Register 55 (0x37): Port 3 Control 7 ..............................................................................................................................74 Register 24 (0x18): Port 1 Control 8 ..............................................................................................................................75 Register 40 (0x28): Port 2 Control 8 ..............................................................................................................................75 Register 56 (0x38): Port 3 Control 8 ..............................................................................................................................75 Register 25 (0x19): Port 1 Control 9 ..............................................................................................................................76 Register 41 (0x29): Port 2 Control 9 ..............................................................................................................................76 Register 57 (0x39): Port 3 Control 9 ..............................................................................................................................76 Register 26 (0x1A): Port 1 PHY Special Control/Status.................................................................................................77 Register 42 (0x2A): Port 2 PHY Special Control/Status.................................................................................................77 Register 58 (0x3A): Reserved, not applied to port 3 ......................................................................................................77 Register 27 (0x1B): Port 1 LinkMD Result .....................................................................................................................77 Register 43 (0x2B): Port 2 LinkMD Result .....................................................................................................................77 Register 59 (0x3B): Reserved, not applied to port 3 ......................................................................................................77 Register 28 (0x1C): Port 1 Control 12............................................................................................................................78 Register 44 (0x2C): Port 2 Control 12............................................................................................................................78 Register 60 (0x3C): Reserved, not applied to port 3......................................................................................................78 Register 29 (0x1D): Port 1 Control 13............................................................................................................................79 Register 45 (0x2D): Port 2 Control 13............................................................................................................................79 Register 61 (0x3D): Reserved, not applied to port 3......................................................................................................79 Register 30 (0x1E): Port 1 Status 0 ...............................................................................................................................80 Register 46 (0x2E): Port 2 Status 0 ...............................................................................................................................80 Register 62 (0x3E): Reserved, not applied to port 3 ......................................................................................................80 Register 31 (0x1F): Port 1 Status 1 ...............................................................................................................................80 Register 47 (0x2F): Port 2 Status 1 ...............................................................................................................................80 Register 63 (0x3F): Port 3 Status 1 ...............................................................................................................................80 Register 31 (0x1F): Port 1 Status 1 (continued).............................................................................................................81 Register 47 (0x2F): Port 2 Status 1 (continued).............................................................................................................81 Register 63 (0x3F): Port 3 Status 1 (continued).............................................................................................................81 Register 96 (0x60): TOS Priority Control Register 0 ......................................................................................................81 Register 97 (0x61): TOS Priority Control Register 1 ......................................................................................................82 Register 98 (0x62): TOS Priority Control Register 2 ......................................................................................................82 Register 99 (0x63): TOS Priority Control Register 3 ......................................................................................................83 Register 100 (0x64): TOS Priority Control Register 4 ....................................................................................................83 Register 101 (0x65): TOS Priority Control Register 5 ....................................................................................................84 Register 102 (0x66): TOS Priority Control Register 6 ....................................................................................................84 Register 103 (0x67): TOS Priority Control Register 7 ....................................................................................................85 Register 104 (0x68): TOS Priority Control Register 8 ....................................................................................................85 Register 105 (0x69): TOS Priority Control Register 9 ....................................................................................................86 Register 106 (0x6A): TOS Priority Control Register 10..................................................................................................86 Register 107 (0x6B): TOS Priority Control Register 11..................................................................................................87 Register 108 (0x6C): TOS Priority Control Register 12 .................................................................................................87 Register 109 (0x6D): TOS Priority Control Register 13 .................................................................................................88 Register 110 (0x6E): TOS Priority Control Register 14..................................................................................................88 Register 111 (0x6F): TOS Priority Control Register 15..................................................................................................89 Register 112 (0x70): MAC Address Register 0 ..............................................................................................................89 Register 113 (0x71): MAC Address Register 1 ..............................................................................................................89 December 2007 6 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 114 (0x72): MAC Address Register 2 ..............................................................................................................89 Register 115 (0x73): MAC Address Register 3 ..............................................................................................................89 Register 116 (0x74): MAC Address Register 4 ..............................................................................................................89 Register 117 (0x75): MAC Address Register 5 ..............................................................................................................89 Register 118 (0x76): User Defined Register 1 ...............................................................................................................90 Register 119 (0x77): User Defined Register 2 ...............................................................................................................90 Register 120 (0x78): User Defined Register 3 ...............................................................................................................90 Register 121 (0x79): Indirect Access Control 0..............................................................................................................90 Register 122 (0x7A): Indirect Access Control 1 .............................................................................................................90 Register 123 (0x7B): Indirect Data Register 8 ...............................................................................................................90 Register 124 (0x7C): Indirect Data Register 7 ...............................................................................................................91 Register 125 (0x7D): Indirect Data Register 6 ...............................................................................................................91 Register 126 (0x7E): Indirect Data Register 5 ...............................................................................................................91 Register 127 (0x7F): Indirect Data Register 4................................................................................................................91 Register 128 (0x80): Indirect Data Register 3................................................................................................................91 Register 129 (0x81): Indirect Data Register 2................................................................................................................91 Register 130 (0x82): Indirect Data Register 1................................................................................................................91 Register 131 (0x83): Indirect Data Register 0................................................................................................................91 Register 132 (0x84): Digital Testing Status 0.................................................................................................................91 Register 133 (0x85): Digital Testing Control 0 ...............................................................................................................92 Register 134 (0x86): Analog Testing Control 0 ..............................................................................................................92 Register 135 (0x87): Analog Testing Control 1 ..............................................................................................................92 Register 136 (0x88): Analog Testing Control 2 ..............................................................................................................92 Register 137 (0x89): Analog Testing Control 3 ..............................................................................................................92 Register 138 (0x8A): Analog Testing Status..................................................................................................................92 Register 139 (0x8B): Analog Testing Control 4..............................................................................................................92 Register 140 (0x8C): QM Debug 1 ................................................................................................................................92 Register 141 (0x8D): QM Debug 2 ................................................................................................................................92 Static MAC Address Table.............................................................................................................................................93 VLAN Table ...................................................................................................................................................................94 Dynamic MAC Address Table........................................................................................................................................95 MIB (Management Information Base) Counters.............................................................................................................96 Additional MIB Counter Information ...............................................................................................................................98 Absolute Maximum Ratings(1) ........................................................................................................... 99 Operating Ratings(2) ........................................................................................................................... 99 Electrical Characteristics(1) ............................................................................................................. 100 EEPROM Timing ................................................................................................................................................................102 SNI Timing..........................................................................................................................................................................103 MII Timing...........................................................................................................................................................................104 MAC Mode MII Timing .................................................................................................................................................104 PHY Mode MII Timing..................................................................................................................................................105 RMII Timing ........................................................................................................................................................................106 I2C Slave Mode Timing .....................................................................................................................................................107 SPI Timing..........................................................................................................................................................................108 Input Timing.................................................................................................................................................................108 Output Timing ..............................................................................................................................................................109 Auto-Negotiation Timing...................................................................................................................................................110 Reset Timing .................................................................................................................................... 111 Reset Circuit .................................................................................................................................... 112 Selection of Isolation Transformers ............................................................................................... 113 Selection of Reference Crystal ....................................................................................................... 113 Package Information........................................................................................................................ 114 December 2007 7 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL List of Figures Figure 1. Typical Straight Cable Connection........................................................................................................................................ 31 Figure 2. Typical Crossover Cable Connection.................................................................................................................................... 32 Figure 3. Auto-Negotiation and Parallel Operation .............................................................................................................................. 33 Figure 4. Destination Address Lookup Flow Chart, Stage 1 ................................................................................................................ 36 Figure 5. Destination Address Resolution Flow Chart, Stage 2 ........................................................................................................... 37 Figure 6. 802.1p Priority Field Format ................................................................................................................................................. 48 Figure 7. KSZ8893MQL/MBL EEPROM Configuration Timing Diagram .............................................................................................. 50 Figure 8. SPI Write Data Cycle............................................................................................................................................................ 52 Figure 9. SPI Read Data Cycle............................................................................................................................................................ 53 Figure 10. SPI Multiple Write ............................................................................................................................................................... 53 Figure 11. SPI Multiple Read............................................................................................................................................................... 53 Figure 12: Far-End Loopback Path...................................................................................................................................................... 54 Figure 13. Near-end (Remote) Loopback Path .................................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 14. EEPROM Interface Input Timing Diagram ........................................................................................................................ 102 Figure 15. EEPROM Interface Output Timing Diagram ..................................................................................................................... 102 Figure 16. SNI Input Timing Diagram ................................................................................................................................................. 103 Figure 17. SNI Output Timing Diagram.............................................................................................................................................. 103 Figure 18. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII............................................................................................................. 104 Figure 19. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted to MII ............................................................................................................. 104 Figure 20. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII ............................................................................................................. 105 Figure 21. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted to MII.............................................................................................................. 105 Figure 22: RMII Timing – Data Received from RMII .......................................................................................................................... 106 Figure 23: RMII Timing – Data Input to RMII ..................................................................................................................................... 106 Figure 24. I2C Input Timing ................................................................................................................................................................ 107 Figure 25. I2C Start Bit Timing ........................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 26. I2C Stop Bit Timing............................................................................................................................................................ 107 Figure 27. I2C Input Timing ................................................................................................................................................................ 107 Figure 28. SPI Input Timing ............................................................................................................................................................... 108 Figure 29. SPI Output Timing ............................................................................................................................................................ 109 Figure 30: Auto-Negotiation Timing ................................................................................................................................................... 110 Figure 31. Reset Timing .................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Figure 32. Recommended Reset Circuit............................................................................................................................................ 112 Figure 33. Recommended Reset Circuit for interfacing with CPU/FPGA Reset Output ..................................................................... 112 Figure 34. 128-Pin PQFP Package.................................................................................................................................................... 114 Figure 35. 100_Ball LFBGA Package ................................................................................................................................................. 115 December 2007 8 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL List of Tables Table 1. FX and TX Mode Selection .................................................................................................................................................... 29 Table 2. MDI/MDI-X Pin Definitions ..................................................................................................................................................... 30 Table 3. MII Signals............................................................................................................................................................................. 39 Table 4: RMII Signal Description ......................................................................................................................................................... 40 Table 5: RMII Signal Connections ....................................................................................................................................................... 41 Table 6. SNI Signals............................................................................................................................................................................ 41 Table 7. MII Management Interface Frame Format ............................................................................................................................. 42 Table 8. Serial Management Interface (SMI) Frame Format................................................................................................................ 43 Table 9: Spanning Tree States ............................................................................................................................................................ 44 Table 10. Special Tagging Mode Format ............................................................................................................................................. 45 Table 11. STPID Egress Rules (Processor to Switch Port 3)............................................................................................................... 45 Table 12. STPID Egress Rules (Switch Port 3 to Processor)............................................................................................................... 46 Table 13. FID+DA Lookup in VLAN Mode ........................................................................................................................................... 47 Table 14. FID+SA Lookup in VLAN Mode ........................................................................................................................................... 48 Table 15. KSZ8893MQL/MBL SPI Connections .................................................................................................................................. 52 Table 16. Format of Static MAC Table (8 Entries) ............................................................................................................................... 93 Table 17. Format of Static VLAN Table (16 Entries) ............................................................................................................................ 94 Table 18. Format of Dynamic MAC Address Table (1K Entries) .......................................................................................................... 95 Table 19. Format of “Per Port” MIB Counters ...................................................................................................................................... 96 Table 20. Port 1’s “Per Port” MIB Counters Indirect Memory Offsets................................................................................................... 97 Table 21. Format of “All Port Dropped Packet” MIB Counters ............................................................................................................. 97 Table 22. “All Port Dropped Packet” MIB Counters Indirect Memory Offsets ....................................................................................... 97 Table 23. EEPROM Timing Parameters ............................................................................................................................................ 102 Table 24. SNI Timing Parameters ..................................................................................................................................................... 103 Table 25. MAC Mode MII Timing Parameters.................................................................................................................................... 104 Table 26. PHY Mode MII Timing Parameters .................................................................................................................................... 105 Table 27: RMII Timing Parameters .................................................................................................................................................... 106 Table 28. I2C Timing Parameters....................................................................................................................................................... 107 Table 29. SPI Input Timing Parameters............................................................................................................................................. 108 Table 30. SPI Output Timing Parameters .......................................................................................................................................... 109 Table 31: Auto-Negotiation Timing Parameters ................................................................................................................................. 110 Table 32. Reset Timing Parameters .................................................................................................................................................. 111 Table 33. Transformer Selection Criteria ........................................................................................................................................... 113 Table 34. Qualified Single Port Magnetics......................................................................................................................................... 113 Table 35. Typical Reference Crystal Characteristics ......................................................................................................................... 113 December 2007 9 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Pin Description and I/O Assignment of KSZ8893MQL Pin Number Pin Name Type 1 P1LED2 Ipu/O 2 P1LED1 Ipu/O 3 P1LED0 (1) Description Ipu/O Port 1 LED Indicators (apply to all modes of operation, except Repeater Mode) [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [0, 0] [0, 1] P1LED3 — — P1LED2 Link/Act 100Link/Act P1LED1 Full duplex/Col 10Link/Act P1LED0 Speed Full duplex [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [1, 0] [1, 1] P1LED3 Act — P1LED2 Link — P1LED1 Full duplex/Col — P1LED0 Speed — Link/Act, 100Link/Act, 10Link/Act : Low (link), High (no link), Toggle (transmit / receive activity) Full duplex/Col : Low (full duplex), High (half duplex), Toggles (collision) Speed : Low (100BASE-TX), High (10BASE-T) Full duplex : Low (full duplex), High (half duplex) Act : Toggle (transmit / receive activity) Link : Low (link), High (no link) Repeater Mode (only) [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [0, 0] P1LED3 RPT_COL P1LED2 RPT_LINK3/RX P1LED1 RPT_LINK2/RX P1LED0 RPT_LINK1/RX RPT_COL : Low (collision) RPT_LINK#/RX (# = port) : Low (link), High (no link), Toggles (receive activity) Notes: LEDSEL0 is external strap-in pin 70. LEDSEL1 is external strap-in pin 23. P1LED3 is pin 25. During reset, P1LED[2:0] are inputs for internal testing. Note: 1. Ipu/O = Input with internal pull-up during reset, output pin otherwise. December 2007 10 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Pin Number Pin Name Type 4 P2LED2 Ipu/O 5 P2LED1 Ipu/O 6 P2LED0 (1) Description Ipu/O Port 2 LED Indicators (apply to all modes of operation, except Repeater Mode) [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [0, 0] [0, 1] P2LED3 — — P2LED2 Link/Act 100Link/Act P2LED1 Full duplex/Col 10Link/Act P2LED0 Speed Full duplex [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [1, 0] [1, 1] P2LED3 Act — P2LED2 Link — P2LED1 Full duplex/Col — P2LED0 Speed — Link/Act, 100Link/Act, 10Link/Act : Low (link), High (no link), Toggle (transmit / receive activity) Full duplex/Col : Low (full duplex), High (half duplex), Toggles (collision) Speed : Low (100BASE-TX), High (10BASE-T) Full duplex : Low (full duplex), High (half duplex) Act : Toggle (transmit / receive activity) Link : Low (link), High (no link) Repeater Mode (only) [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [0, 0] P2LED3 RPT_ACT P2LED2 RPT_ERR3 P2LED1 RPT_ERR2 P2LED0 RPT_ERR1 RPT_ACT : Low (activity) RPT_ERR# (# = port) : Low (error status due to either isolation, partition, jabber, or JK error) 7 DGND Gnd Notes: LEDSEL0 is external strap-in pin 70. LEDSEL1 is external strap-in pin 23. P2LED3 is pin 20. During reset, P2LED[2:0] are inputs for internal testing. Digital ground 8 VDDIO P 3.3V digital VDD Note: 1. P = Power supply. Gnd = Ground. Ipu/O = Input with internal pull-up during reset, output pin otherwise. December 2007 11 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL (1) Pin Number Pin Name Type 9 NC Ipd Description No connect 10 NC Ipd No connect 11 NC Ipu No connect 12 ADVFC Ipu 1 = advertise the switch’s flow control capability via autonegotiation. 0 = will not advertise the switch’s flow control capability via auto-negotiation. 13 P2ANEN Ipu 1 = enable auto-negotiation on port 2 0 = disable auto-negotiation on port 2 14 P2SPD Ipd 1 = force port 2 to 100BT if P2ANEN = 0 0 = force port 2 to 10BT if P2ANEN = 0 15 P2DPX Ipd 1 = port 2 default to full duplex mode if P2ANEN = 1 and auto-negotiation fails. Force port 2 in full duplex mode if P2ANEN = 0. 0 = port 2 default to half duplex mode if P2ANEN = 1 and auto-negotiation fails. Force port 2 in half duplex mode if P2ANEN = 0. 16 P2FFC Ipd 1 = always enable (force) port 2 flow control feature 0 = port 2 flow control feature enable is determined by autonegotiation result. 17 NC Opu No connect 18 NC Ipd No connect 19 NC Ipd No connect 20 P2LED3 Opd Port 2 LED indicator Note: Internal pull-down is weak; it will not turn ON the LED. See description in pin 4. 21 DGND Gnd 22 VDDCO P Digital ground 1.2V digital VDD Provides VOUT_1V2 to KSZ8893MBL’s input power pins: VDDAP (pin 63), VDDC (pins 91 and 123), and VDDA (pins 38, 43, and 57). It is recommended the pin should be connected to 3.3V power rail by a 100ohm resistor for the internal LDO application. 23 LEDSEL1 Ipd LED display mode select See description in pins 1 and 4. 24 NC O No connect 25 P1LED3 Opd Port 1 LED indicator Note: An external 1K pull-down is needed on this pin if it is connected to a LED. The 1K resistor will not turn ON the LED. See description in pin 1. Note: 1. P = Power supply. Gnd = Ground. O = Output. Ipu = Input w/ internal pull-up. Ipd = Input w/ internal pull-down. Opu = Output w/ internal pull-up. Opd = Output w/ internal pull-down. December 2007 12 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Pin Number Pin Name Type 26 RMII_EN Opd (1) Description Strap pin for RMII Mode 0 = Disable 1 = Enable After reset, this pin has no meaning and is a no connect. 27 HWPOVR Ipd Hardware pin overwrite 0 = Disable. All strap-in pins configurations are overwritten by the EEPROM configuration data 1 = Enable. All strap-in pins configurations are overwritten by the EEPROM configuration data, except for register 0x2C bits [7:5], (port 2: auto-negotiation enable, force speed, force duplex). 28 P2MDIXDIS Ipd Port 2 Auto MDI/MDI-X PD (default) = enable PU = disable 29 P2MDIX Ipd Port 2 MDI/MDI-X setting when auto MDI/MDI-X is disabled. PD (default) = MDI-X (transmit on TXP2 / TXM2 pins) PU = MDI, (transmit on RXP2 / RXM2 pins) 30 P1ANEN Ipu 1 = enable auto-negotiation on port 1 31 P1SPD Ipd 1 = force port 1 to 100BT if P1ANEN = 0 0 = disable auto-negotiation on port 1 0 = force port 1 to 10BT if P1ANEN = 0 32 P1DPX Ipd 1 = port 1 default to full duplex mode if P1ANEN = 1 and autonegotiation fails. Force port 1 in full-duplex mode if P1ANEN = 0. 0 = port 1 default to half duplex mode if P1ANEN = 1 and auto- negotiation fails. Force port 1 in half duplex mode if P1ANEN = 0. 33 P1FFC Ipd 1 = always enable (force) port 1 flow control feature 0 = port 1 flow control feature enable is determined by auto negotiation result. 34 NC Ipd No connect 35 NC Ipd No connect 36 PWRDN Ipu Chip power down input (active low) 37 AGND Gnd Analog ground 38 VDDA P 1.2V analog VDD 39 AGND Gnd Analog ground 40 MUX1 I Factory test pin - float for normal operation 41 MUX2 I Factory test pin - float for normal operation Note: 1. P = Power supply. Gnd = Ground. I = Input. Ipu = Input w/ internal pull-up. Ipd = Input w/ internal pull-down. Opd = Output w/ internal pull-down. December 2007 13 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL (1) Pin Number Pin Name Type Description 42 AGND Gnd Analog ground 43 VDDA P 1.2V analog VDD 44 FXSD1 I Fiber signal detect / factory test pin 45 RXP1 I/O Physical receive or transmit signal (+ differential) 46 RXM1 I/O Physical receive or transmit signal (– differential) 47 AGND Gnd Analog ground 48 TXP1 I/O Physical transmit or receive signal (+ differential) 49 TXM1 I/O Physical transmit or receive signal (– differential) 50 VDDATX P 3.3V analog VDD 51 VDDARX P 3.3V analog VDD 52 RXM2 I/O Physical receive or transmit signal (– differential) 53 RXP2 I/O Physical receive or transmit signal (+ differential) 54 AGND Gnd Analog ground. 55 TXM2 I/O Physical transmit or receive signal (– differential) 56 TXP2 I/O Physical transmit or receive signal (+ differential) 57 VDDA P 1.2V analog VDD 58 AGND Gnd Analog ground 59 TEST1 I Factory test pin - float for normal operation 60 TEST2 I Factory test pin - float for normal operation 61 ISET O Set physical transmit output current. Pull-down this pin with a 3.01K 1% resistor to ground. 62 AGND Gnd Analog ground 63 VDDAP P 1.2V analog VDD for PLL 64 AGND Gnd Analog ground. 65 X1 I 25MHz crystal/oscillator clock connections 66 X2 O Pins (X1, X2) connect to a crystal. If an oscillator is used, X1 connects to a 3.3V tolerant oscillator and X2 is a no connect. 67 RST_N Ipu Hardware reset pin (active low) 68 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 69 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation Note: Clock is +/- 50ppm for both crystal and oscillator. Note: 1. P = Power supply. Gnd = Ground. I = Input. O = Output. I/O = Bi-directional. Ipu = Input w/ internal pull-up. December 2007 14 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL (1) Pin Number Pin Name Type Description 70 LEDSEL0 I 71 SMTXEN I Switch MII transmit enable 72 SMTXD3 I Switch MII transmit data bit 3 73 SMTXD2 I Switch MII transmit data bit 2 74 SMTXD1 I Switch MII transmit data bit 1 75 SMTXD0 I Switch MII transmit data bit 0 76 SMTXER I Switch MII transmit error 77 SMTXC / REFCLK I/O Switch MII transmit clock (MII and SNI modes only) Output in PHY MII mode and SNI mode Input in MAC MII mode LED display mode select See description in pins 1 and 4. Reference Clock (RMII mode only) Input for 50MHz +/- 50ppm system clock Note: In RMII mode, pin X1 is pulled up to VDDIO supply with a 10K resistor and pin X2 is a no connect. 78 DGND Gnd Digital ground 79 VDDIO P 3.3V digital VDD 80 SMRXC I/O Switch MII receive clock. Output in PHY MII mode Input in MAC MII mode 81 SMRXDV O Switch MII receive data valid 82 SMRXD3 Ipd/O Switch MII receive data bit 3 Strap option: switch MII full-duplex flow control PD (default) = disable PU = enable 83 SMRXD2 Ipd/O Switch MII receive data bit 2 Strap option: switch MII is in PD (default) = full-duplex mode PU = half-duplex mode 84 SMRXD1 Ipd/O Switch MII receive data bit 1 Strap option: Switch MII is in PD (default) = 100Mbps mode PU = 10Mbps mode 85 SMRXD0 I/O Switch MII receive data bit 0 Strap option: switch will accept packet size up to PD = 1536 bytes (inclusive) PU = 1522 bytes (tagged), 1518 bytes (untagged) 86 SCOL I/O Switch MII collision detect 87 SCRS I/O Switch MII carrier sense Note: 1. P = Power supply. Gnd = Ground. I = Input. O = Output. Ipd/O = Input w/ internal pull-down during reset, output pin otherwise. I/O = Bi-directional. December 2007 15 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Pin Number Pin Name Type 88 SCONF1 I 89 SCONF0 (1) Description I Switch MII interface configuration Description (0,0) disable, outputs tri-stated (0,1) PHY mode MII (1,0) MAC mode MII (1,1) Gnd (SCONF1, SCONF0) PHY mode SNI 90 DGND Digital ground 91 VDDC P 1.2V digital VDD 92 UNUSED I Unused pins – externally pull down for normal operation 93 UNUSED I 94 MDC I MII management interface: clock input 95 MDIO I/O MII management interface: data input/output Note: an external pull-up is needed on this pin when it is in use. 96 SPIQ O SPI slave mode: serial data output See description in pins 100 and 101. Note: an external pull-up is needed on this pin when it is in use. 97 SCL I/O 2 SPI slave mode / I C slave mode: clock input 2 I C master mode: clock output See description in pins 100 and 101. 98 SDA I/O SPI slave mode: serial data input 2 I C master/slave mode: serial data input/output See description in pins 100 and 101. Note: an external pull-up is needed on this pin when it is in use. 99 SPIS_N I SPI slave mode: chip select (active low) When SPIS_N is high, the KSZ8893MBL is deselected and SPIQ is held in high impedance state. A high-to-low transition is used to initiate SPI data transfer. See description in pins 100 and 101. Note: an external pull-up is needed on this pin when it is in use. Note: 1. P = Power supply. Gnd = Ground. I = Input. O = Output. I/O = Bi-directional. December 2007 16 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Pin Number Pin Name Type 100 PS1 I 101 PS0 I (1) Description Serial bus configuration pins to select mode of access to KSZ8893MBL internal registers. 2 [PS1, PS0] = [0, 0] — I C master (EEPROM) mode (If EEPROM is not detected, the KSZ8893MBL will be configured with the default values of its internal registers and the values of its strap-in pins.) Interface Signals Type Description SPIQ O Not used (tri-stated) SCL O I2C clock SDA I/O I2C data I/O SPIS_N I Not used 2 [PS1, PS0] = [0, 1] — I C slave mode 2 The external I C master will drive the SCL clock. The KSZ8893MBL device addresses are: 1011_1111 <read> 1011_1110 <write> Interface Signals Type Description SPIQ O Not used (tri-stated) SCL I I2C clock SDA I/O I2C data I/O SPIS_N I Not used [PS1, PS0] = [1, 0] — SPI slave mode Interface Signals Type Description SPIQ O SPI data out SCL I SPI clock SDA I SPI data In SPIS_N I SPI chip select [PS1, PS0] = [1, 1] – SMI-mode In this mode, the KSZ8893MBL provides access to all its internal 8-bit registers through its MDC and MDIO pins. Note: When (PS1, PS0) ≠ (1,1), the KSZ8893MBL provides access to its 16-bit MIIM registers through its MDC and MDIO pins. 102 UNUSED I 103 UNUSED I Unused pins – externally pull up for normal operation Note: 1. I = Input. December 2007 17 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Pin Number Pin Name Type 104 UNUSED I (1) Description Unused pins – externally pull up for normal operation 105 UNUSED I 106 DGND Gnd Digital ground 107 VDDIO P 3.3V digital VDD 108 UNUSED I Unused pins – externally pull up for normal operation 109 UNUSED I 110 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 111 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 112 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 113 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 114 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 115 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 116 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 117 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 118 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 119 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 120 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 121 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 122 DGND Gnd Digital ground 123 VDDC P 1.2V digital VDD 124 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 125 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 126 UNUSED I Unused pin – externally pull down for normal operation 127 TESTEN Ipd Scan Test Enable For normal operation, pull-down this pin to ground. 128 SCANEN Ipd Scan Test Scan Mux Enable For normal operation, pull-down this pin to ground. Note: 1. P = Power supply. Gnd = Ground. I = Input. Ipd = Input w/ internal pull-down. December 2007 18 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Ball Description and I/O Assignment of KSZ8893MBL Ball Number Ball Name Type C10 P1LED2 Ipu/O B10 P1LED1 Ipu/O A10 P1LED0 (1) Ball Function Description Ipu/O Port 1 LED Indicators (apply to all modes of operation, except Repeater Mode) [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [0, 0] [0, 1] P1LED3 — — P1LED2 Link/Act 100Link/Act P1LED1 Full duplex/Col 10Link/Act P1LED0 Speed Full duplex [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [1, 0] [1, 1] P1LED3 Act — P1LED2 Link — P1LED1 Full duplex/Col — P1LED0 Speed — Link/Act, 100Link/Act, 10Link/Act : Low (link), High (no link), Toggle (transmit / receive activity) Full duplex/Col : Low (full duplex), High (half duplex), Toggles (collision) Speed : Low (100BASE-TX), High (10BASE-T) Full duplex : Low (full duplex), High (half duplex) Act : Toggle (transmit / receive activity) Link : Low (link), High (no link) Repeater Mode (only) [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [0, 0] P1LED3 RPT_COL P1LED2 RPT_LINK3/RX P1LED1 RPT_LINK2/RX P1LED0 RPT_LINK1/RX RPT_COL : Low (collision) RPT_LINK#/RX (# = port) : Low (link), High (no link), Toggles (receive activity) Notes: LEDSEL0 is external strap-in pin 70. LEDSEL1 is external strap-in pin 23. P1LED3 is pin 25. During reset, P1LED[2:0] are inputs for internal testing. Note: 1. Ipu/O = Input with internal pull-up during reset, output pin otherwise. December 2007 19 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Ball Number Ball Name Type C9 P2LED2 Ipu/O B9 P2LED1 Ipu/O A9 P2LED0 (1) Ball Function Description Ipu/O Port 2 LED Indicators (apply to all modes of operation, except Repeater Mode) [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [0, 0] [0, 1] P2LED3 — — P2LED2 Link/Act 100Link/Act P2LED1 Full duplex/Col 10Link/Act P2LED0 Speed Full duplex [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [1, 0] [1, 1] P2LED3 Act — P2LED2 Link — P2LED1 Full duplex/Col — P2LED0 Speed — Link/Act, 100Link/Act, 10Link/Act : Low (link), High (no link), Toggle (transmit / receive activity) Full duplex/Col : Low (full duplex), High (half duplex), Toggles (collision) Speed : Low (100BASE-TX), High (10BASE-T) Full duplex : Low (full duplex), High (half duplex) Act : Toggle (transmit / receive activity) Link : Low (link), High (no link) Repeater Mode (only) [LEDSEL1, LEDSEL0] [0, 0] P2LED3 RPT_ACT P2LED2 RPT_ERR3 P2LED1 RPT_ERR2 P2LED0 RPT_ERR1 RPT_ACT : Low (activity) RPT_ERR# (# = port) : Low (error status due to either isolation, partition, jabber, or JK error) C8 ADVFC Ipu Notes: LEDSEL0 is external strap-in pin 70. LEDSEL1 is external strap-in pin 23. P2LED3 is pin 20. During reset, P2LED[2:0] are inputs for internal testing. 1 = advertise the switch’s flow control capability via autonegotiation. 0 = will not advertise the switch’s flow control capability via auto-negotiation. B8 P2ANEN Ipu 1 = enable auto-negotiation on port 2 0 = disable auto-negotiation on port 2 December 2007 20 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Ball Number Ball Name Type A8 P2SPD Ipd B7 P2DPX Ipd (1) Ball Function Description 1 = force port 2 to 100BT if P2ANEN = 0 0 = force port 2 to 10BT if P2ANEN = 0 1 = port 2 default to full duplex mode if P2ANEN = 1 and auto-negotiation fails. Force port 2 in full duplex mode if P2ANEN = 0. 0 = port 2 default to half duplex mode if P2ANEN = 1 and auto-negotiation fails. Force port 2 in half duplex mode if P2ANEN = 0. A7 P2FFC Ipd 1 = always enable (force) port 2 flow control feature 0 = port 2 flow control feature enable is determined by autonegotiation result. B6 P2LED3 Opd Port 2 LED indicator Note: Internal pull-down is weak; it will not turn ON the LED. See description in pin 4. A6 LEDSEL1 Ipd LED display mode select See description in pins 1 and 4. B5 P1LED3 Opd Port 1 LED indicator Note: An external 1K pull-down is needed on this pin if it is connected to a LED. The 1K resistor will not turn ON the LED. See description in pin 1. A5 RMII_EN Opd Strap pin for RMII Mode 0 = Disable 1 = Enable After reset, this pin has no meaning and is a no connect. B4 HWPOVR Ipd Hardware pin overwrite 0 = Disable. All strap-in pins configurations are overwritten by the EEPROM configuration data 1 = Enable. All strap-in pins configurations are overwritten by the EEPROM configuration data, except for register 0x2C bits [7:5], (port 2: auto-negotiation enable, force speed, force duplex). A4 P2MDIXDIS Ipd Port 2 Auto MDI/MDI-X PD (default) = enable PU = disable B3 P2MDIX Ipd Port 2 MDI/MDI-X setting when auto MDI/MDI-X is disabled. PD (default) = MDI-X (transmit on TXP2 / TXM2 pins) PU = MDI, (transmit on RXP2 / RXM2 pins) A3 P1ANEN Ipu 1 = enable auto-negotiation on port 1 0 = disable auto-negotiation on port 1 B2 P1SPD Ipd 1 = force port 1 to 100BT if P1ANEN = 0 0 = force port 1 to 10BT if P1ANEN = 0 A2 P1DPX Ipd 1 = port 1 default to full duplex mode if P1ANEN = 1 and auto- negotiation fails. Force port 1 in full-duplex mode if P1ANEN = 0. 0 = port 1 default to half duplex mode if P1ANEN = 1 and auto- negotiation fails. Force port 1 in half duplex mode if P1ANEN = 0. December 2007 21 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Ball Number Ball Name Type A1 P1FFC Ipd (1) Ball Function Description 1 = always enable (force) port 1 flow control feature 0 = port 1 flow control feature enable is determined by auto negotiation result. B1 PWRDN Ipu Chip power down input (active low) C3 FXSD1 I Fiber signal detect / factory test pin C1 RXP1 I/O Physical receive or transmit signal (+ differential) C2 RXM1 I/O Physical receive or transmit signal (– differential) D1 TXP1 I/O Physical transmit or receive signal (+ differential) D2 TXM1 I/O Physical transmit or receive signal (– differential) F2 RXM2 I/O Physical receive or transmit signal (– differential) F1 RXP2 I/O Physical receive or transmit signal (+ differential) G2 TXM2 I/O Physical transmit or receive signal (– differential) G1 TXP2 I/O Physical transmit or receive signal (+ differential) H2 ISET O Set physical transmit output current. Pull-down this pin with a 3.01K 1% resistor to ground. H1 X1 I 25MHz crystal/oscillator clock connections J1 X2 O Pins (X1, X2) connect to a crystal. If an oscillator is used, X1 connects to a 3.3V tolerant oscillator and X2 is a no connect. Note: Clock is +/- 50ppm for both crystal and oscillator. K1 RST_N Ipu Hardware reset pin (active low) J2 LEDSEL0 I LED display mode select See description in pins 1 and 4. K2 SMTXEN I Switch MII transmit enable J3 SMTXD3 I Switch MII transmit data bit 3 K3 SMTXD2 I Switch MII transmit data bit 2 J4 SMTXD1 I Switch MII transmit data bit 1 K4 SMTXD0 I Switch MII transmit data bit 0 J5 SMTXER I Switch MII transmit error K5 SMTXC / REFCLK I/O Switch MII transmit clock (MII and SNI modes only) Output in PHY MII mode and SNI mode Input in MAC MII mode Reference Clock (RMII mode only) Input for 50MHz +/- 50ppm system clock Note: In RMII mode, pin X1 is pulled up to VDDIO supply with a 10K resistor and pin X2 is a no connect. K6 SMRXC I/O Switch MII receive clock. Output in PHY MII mode Input in MAC MII mode J6 SMRXDV O Switch MII receive data valid J7 SMRXD3 Ipd/O Switch MII receive data bit 3 Strap option: switch MII full-duplex flow control PD (default) = disable PU = enable December 2007 22 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Ball Number Ball Name Type K7 SMRXD2 Ipd/O (1) Ball Function Description Switch MII receive data bit 2 Strap option: switch MII is in PD (default) = full-duplex mode PU = half-duplex mode J8 SMRXD1 Ipd/O Switch MII receive data bit 1 Strap option: Switch MII is in PD (default) = 100Mbps mode PU = 10Mbps mode K8 SMRXD0 I/O Switch MII receive data bit 0 Strap option: switch will accept packet size up to PD = 1536 bytes (inclusive) PU = 1522 bytes (tagged), 1518 bytes (untagged) J9 SCOL I/O Switch MII collision detect K9 SCRS I/O Switch MII carrier sense J10 SCONF1 I Switch MII interface configuration K10 SCONF0 I (SCONF1, SCONF0) Description (0,0) disable, outputs tri-stated (0,1) PHY mode MII (1,0) MAC mode MII (1,1) PHY mode SNI H10 MDC I MII management interface: clock input H9 MDIO I/O MII management interface: data input/output Note: an external pull-up is needed on this pin when it is in use. G9 SPIQ O SPI slave mode: serial data output See description in pins 100 and 101. Note: an external pull-up is needed on this pin when it is in use. G10 SCL I/O 2 SPI slave mode / I C slave mode: clock input 2 I C master mode: clock output See description in pins 100 and 101. F9 SDA I/O SPI slave mode: serial data input 2 I C master/slave mode: serial data input/output See description in pins 100 and 101. Note: an external pull-up is needed on this pin when it is in use. F10 SPIS_N I SPI slave mode: chip select (active low) When SPIS_N is high, the KSZ8893MBL is deselected and SPIQ is held in high impedance state. A high-to-low transition is used to initiate SPI data transfer. See description in pins 100 and 101. Note: an external pull-up is needed on this pin when it is in use. December 2007 23 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Ball Number Ball Name Type E9 PS1 I E10 PS0 I (1) Ball Function Description Serial bus configuration pins to select mode of access to KSZ8893MBL internal registers. 2 [PS1, PS0] = [0, 0] — I C master (EEPROM) mode (If EEPROM is not detected, the KSZ8893MBL will be configured with the default values of its internal registers and the values of its strap-in pins.) Interface Signals Type Description SPIQ O Not used (tri-stated) SCL O I2C clock SDA I/O I2C data I/O SPIS_N I Not used 2 [PS1, PS0] = [0, 1] — I C slave mode 2 The external I C master will drive the SCL clock. The KSZ8893MBL device addresses are: 1011_1111 <read> 1011_1110 <write> Interface Signals Type Description SPIQ O Not used (tri-stated) SCL I I2C clock SDA I/O I2C data I/O SPIS_N I Not used [PS1, PS0] = [1, 0] — SPI slave mode Interface Signals Type Description SPIQ O SPI data out SCL I SPI clock SDA I SPI data In SPIS_N I SPI chip select [PS1, PS0] = [1, 1] – SMI-mode In this mode, the KSZ8893MBL provides access to all its internal 8-bit registers through its MDC and MDIO pins. Note: When (PS1, PS0) ≠ (1,1), the KSZ8893MBL provides access to its 16-bit MIIM registers through its MDC and MDIO pins. D9 TESTEN Ipd Scan Test Enable For normal operation, pull-down this pin to ground. D10 SCANEN Ipd Scan Test Scan Mux Enable C5, D8, E8, H6, VDDC P 1.2V digital VDD VDDCO P 1.2V digital VDD For normal operation, pull-down this pin to ground. H7 C4 Provides VOUT_1V2 to KSZ8893MBL’s input power pins: VDDA (pin E3, F3 and G3), VDDC (pins C5, D8, E8, H6 and H7). It is recommended the pin should be connected to 3.3V power rail by a 100ohm resistor for the internal LDO application. December 2007 24 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL (1) Ball Number Ball Name Type E3, F3, G3 VDDA P Ball Function Description 1.2V analog VDD C6, C7, F8, G8, VDDIO P 3.3V digital VDD H4, H5 E1 VDDATX P 3.3V analog VDD E2 VDDARX P 3.3V analog VDD D4, D5, D6, D7, GND Gnd Ground NC NC No connect E4, E5, E6, E7, F4, F5, F6, F7, G4, G5, G6, G7 D3, H3, H8 Note: 1. P = Power supply. Gnd = Ground. I = Input. O = Output. I/O = Bi-directional. Ipu = Input w/ internal pull-up. December 2007 25 M9999-121007-1.5 P1LED2 P1LED1 P1LED0 P2LED2 P2LED1 P2LED0 DGND VDDIO NC NC NC ADVFC P2ANEN P2SPD P2DPX P2FFC NC NC NC P2LED3 DGND VDDC LEDSEL1 NC P1LED3 RMII_EN HWPOVR P2MDIXDIS P2MDIX P1ANEN P1SPD P1DPX P1FFC NC NC PWRDN AGND VDDA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED DGND VDDIO UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED DGND VDDC UNUSED UNUSED UNUSED TESTEN SCANEN December 2007 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 102 101 100 99 98 97 96 95 94 93 92 91 90 89 88 87 86 85 84 83 82 81 80 79 78 77 76 75 74 73 72 71 70 69 68 67 66 65 UNUSED PS0 PS1 SPIS_N SDA SCL SPIQ MDIO MDC UNUSED UNUSED VDDC DGND SCONF0 SCONF1 SCRS SCOL SMRXD0 SMRXD1 SMRXD2 SMRXD3 SMRXDV SMRXC VDDIO DGND SMTXC / REFCLK SMTXER SMTXD0 SMTXD1 SMTXD2 SMTXD3 SMTXEN LEDSEL0 UNUSED UNUSED RST_N X2 X1 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Pin Configuration 26 64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 AGND VDDAP AGND ISET TEST2 TEST1 AGND VDDA TXP2 TXM2 AGND RXP2 RXM2 VDDARX VDDATX TXM1 TXP1 AGND RXM1 RXP1 FXSD1 VDDA AGND MUX2 MUX1 AGND KSZ8893 128-Pin PQFP (Top View) M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Ball Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A P1 FFC P1 DPX P1AN EN P2MD IXDIX RMII EN LED SEL1 P2 FFC P2 SPD P2 LED0 P1 LED0 B PWR DN P1 SPD P2 MDIX HW POVR P1 LED3 P2 LED3 P2 DPX P2AN EN P2 LED1 P1 LED1 C RXP1 RXM1 FXSD 1 VDD CO VDDC VDD IO VDD IO ADV FC P2 LED2 P1 LED2 D TXP1 TXM1 NC GND GND GND GND VDDC TEST EN SCAN EN E VDDA TX VDDA RX VDDA GND GND GND GND VDDC PS1 PS0 F RXP2 RXM2 VDDA GND GND GND GND VDD IO SDA SPIS N G TXP2 TXM2 VDDA GND GND GND GND VDD IO SPIQ SCL H X1 ISET NC VDD IO VDD IO VDDC VDDC NC MDIO MDC J X2 LED SEL0 SM TXD3 SM TXD1 SM TXER SM RXDV SM RXD3 SM RXD1 SCOL SCON F1 K RSTN SM TXEN SM TXD2 SM TXD0 SM TXC SM RXC SM RXD2 SM RXD0 SCRS SCON F0 KSZ8893MBL 100-Ball LFBGA (Top View) December 2007 27 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Functional Description The KSZ8893MQL/MBL contains two 10/100 physical layer transceivers and three MAC units with an integrated Layer 2 managed switch. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL has the flexibility to reside in either a managed or unmanaged design. In a managed design, the host processor has complete control of the KSZ8893MQL/MBL via the SMI interface, MIIM interface, 2 SPI bus, or I C bus. An unmanaged design is achieved through I/O strapping and/or EEPROM programming at system reset time. On the media side, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX on both PHY ports, and also 100BASE-FX on PHY port 1, which allows the KSZ8893MQL/MBL to be used as a media converter. Physical signal transmission and reception are enhanced through the use of patented analog circuitries that make the design more efficient and allow for lower power consumption and smaller chip die size. Functional Overview: Physical Layer Transceiver 100BASE-TX Transmit The 100BASE-TX transmit function performs parallel-to-serial conversion, 4B/5B coding, scrambling, NRZ-toNRZI conversion, and MLT3 encoding and transmission. The circuitry starts with a parallel-to-serial conversion, which converts the MII data from the MAC into a 125MHz serial bit stream. The data and control stream is then converted into 4B/5B coding, followed by a scrambler. The serialized data is further converted from NRZ-to-NRZI format, and then transmitted in MLT3 current output. The output current is set by an external1% 3.01KΩ resistor for the 1:1 transformer ratio. The output signal has a typical rise/fall time of 4ns and complies with the ANSI TP-PMD standard regarding amplitude balance, overshoot, and timing jitter. The wave-shaped 10BASE-T output is also incorporated into the 100BASE-TX transmitter. 100BASE-TX Receive The 100BASE-TX receiver function performs adaptive equalization, DC restoration, MLT3-to-NRZI conversion, data and clock recovery, NRZI-to-NRZ conversion, de-scrambling, 4B/5B decoding, and serial-to-parallel conversion. The receiving side starts with the equalization filter to compensate for inter-symbol interference (ISI) over the twisted pair cable. Since the amplitude loss and phase distortion is a function of the cable length, the equalizer must adjust its characteristics to optimize performance. In this design, the variable equalizer makes an initial estimation based on comparisons of incoming signal strength against some known cable characteristics, and then tunes itself for optimization. This is an ongoing process and self-adjusts against environmental changes such as temperature variations. Next, the equalized signal goes through a DC restoration and data conversion block. The DC restoration circuit is used to compensate for the effect of baseline wander and to improve the dynamic range. The differential data conversion circuit converts the MLT3 format back to NRZI. The slicing threshold is also adaptive. The clock recovery circuit extracts the 125MHz clock from the edges of the NRZI signal. This recovered clock is then used to convert the NRZI signal into the NRZ format. This signal is sent through the de-scrambler followed by the 4B/5B decoder. Finally, the NRZ serial data is converted to the MII format and provided as the input data to the MAC. PLL Clock Synthesizer The KSZ8893MQL/MBL generates 125MHz, 31.25MHz, 25MHz, and 10MHz clocks for system timing. Internal clocks are generated from an external 25MHz crystal or oscillator. In RMII mode, these internal clocks are generated from an external 50MHz oscillator or system clock. December 2007 28 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Scrambler/De-scrambler (100BASE-TX Only) The purpose of the scrambler is to spread the power spectrum of the signal to reduce electromagnetic interference (EMI) and baseline wander. Transmitted data is scrambled through the use of an 11-bit wide linear feedback shift register (LFSR). The scrambler generates a 2047-bit non-repetitive sequence, and the receiver then de-scrambles the incoming data stream using the same sequence as at the transmitter. 100BASE-FX Operation 100BASE-FX operation is similar to 100BASE-TX operation with the differences being that the scrambler/descrambler and MLT3 encoder/decoder are bypassed on transmission and reception. In addition, auto-negotiation is bypassed and auto MDI/MDI-X is disabled. 100BASE-FX Signal Detection In 100BASE-FX operation, FXSD1 (fiber signal detect), input pin 44, is usually connected to the fiber transceiver SD (signal detect) output pin. 100BASE-FX mode is activated when the FXSD1 input pin is greater than 1V. When FXSD1 is between 1V and 1.8V, no fiber signal is detected and a far-end fault (FEF) is generated. When FXSD1 is over 2.2V, the fiber signal is detected. Alternatively, the designer may choose not to implement the FEF feature. In this case, the FXSD1 input pin is tied high to force 100BASE-FX mode. 100BASE-FX signal detection is summarized in the following table: FXSD1 Input Voltage Mode Less than 0.2V TX mode Greater than 1V, but less than 1.8V FX mode No signal detected. Far-end fault generated Greater than 2.2V FX mode Signal detected Table 1. FX and TX Mode Selection To ensure proper operation, a resistive voltage divider is recommended to adjust the fiber transceiver SD output voltage swing to match the FXSD1 pin’s input voltage threshold. 100BASE-FX Far-End Fault A far-end fault (FEF) occurs when the signal detection is logically false on the receive side of the fiber transceiver. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL detects a FEF when its FXSD1 input is between 1V and 1.8V. When a FEF is detected, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL signals its fiber link partner that a FEF has occurred by sending 84 1’s followed by a zero in the idle period between frames. By default, FEF is enabled. FEF can be disabled through register setting. 10BASE-T Transmit The 10BASE-T driver is incorporated with the 100BASE-TX driver to allow for transmission using the same magnetics. They are internally wave-shaped and pre-emphasized into outputs with a typical 2.3V amplitude. The harmonic contents are at least 27dB below the fundamental frequency when driven by an all-ones Manchesterencoded signal. December 2007 29 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL 10BASE-T Receive On the receive side, input buffers and level detecting squelch circuits are employed. A differential input receiver circuit and a phase-locked loop (PLL) perform the decoding function. The Manchester-encoded data stream is separated into clock signal and NRZ data. A squelch circuit rejects signals with levels less than 400mV or with short pulse widths to prevent noise at the RXP-or-RXM input from falsely triggering the decoder. When the input exceeds the squelch limit, the PLL locks onto the incoming signal and the KSZ8893MQL/MBL decodes a data frame. The receiver clock is maintained active during idle periods in between data reception. Power Management The KSZ8893MQL/MBL features a per-port power down mode. To save power, a PHY port that is not in use can be powered down via port control register, or MIIM PHY register. In addition, there is a full chip power down mode. When activated, the entire chip is powered down. MDI/MDI-X Auto Crossover To eliminate the need for crossover cables between similar devices, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports HP Auto MDI/MDI-X and IEEE 802.3u standard MDI/MDI-X auto crossover. HP Auto MDI/MDI-X is the default. The auto-sense function detects remote transmit and receive pairs and correctly assigns transmit and receive pairs for the KSZ8893MQL/MBL device. This feature is extremely useful when end users are unaware of cable types, and also, saves on an additional uplink configuration connection. The auto-crossover feature can be disabled through the port control registers, or MIIM PHY registers. The IEEE 802.3u standard MDI and MDI-X definitions are: MDI MDI-X RJ-45 Pins Signals RJ-45 Pins Signals 1 TD+ 1 RD+ 2 TD- 2 RD- 3 RD+ 3 TD+ 6 RD- 6 TD- Table 2. MDI/MDI-X Pin Definitions December 2007 30 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Straight Cable A straight cable connects an MDI device to an MDI-X device, or an MDI-X device to an MDI device. The following diagram depicts a typical straight cable connection between a NIC card (MDI) and a switch, or hub (MDI-X). 10/100 Ethernet Media Dependent Interface 10/100 Ethernet Media Dependent Interface 1 1 2 2 Transmit Pair Receive Pair 3 Straight Cable 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 Receive Pair Transmit Pair Modular Connector (RJ-45) HUB (Repeater or Switch) Modular Connector (RJ-45) NIC Figure 1. Typical Straight Cable Connection December 2007 31 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Crossover Cable A crossover cable connects an MDI device to another MDI device, or an MDI-X device to another MDI-X device. The following diagram shows a typical crossover cable connection between two switches or hubs (two MDI-X devices). 10/100 Ethernet Media Dependent Interface 1 Receive Pair 10/100 Ethernet Media Dependent Interface Crossover Cable 1 Receive Pair 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 Transmit Pair Transmit Pair Modular Connector (RJ-45) HUB (Repeater or Switch) Modular Connector (RJ-45) HUB (Repeater or Switch) Figure 2. Typical Crossover Cable Connection Auto-Negotiation The KSZ8893MQL/MBL conforms to the auto-negotiation protocol, defined in Clause 28 of the IEEE 802.3u specification. Auto-negotiation allows unshielded twisted pair (UTP) link partners to select the best common mode of operation. In auto-negotiation, link partners advertise their capabilities across the link to each other. If auto-negotiation is not supported or the KSZ8893MQL/MBL link partner is forced to bypass auto-negotiation, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL sets its operating mode by observing the signal at its receiver. This is known as parallel detection, and allows the KSZ8893MQL/MBL to establish link by listening for a fixed signal protocol in the absence of auto-negotiation advertisement protocol. The link up process is shown in the following flow diagram. December 2007 32 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Start Auto Negotiation Force Link Setting N o Parallel Operation Yes Bypass Auto Negotiation and Set Link Mode Attempt Auto Negotiation Listen for 100BASE-TX Idles Listen for 10BASE-T Link Pulses No Join Flow Link Mode Set ? Yes Link Mode Set Figure 3. Auto-Negotiation and Parallel Operation December 2007 33 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL LinkMD Cable Diagnostics The LinkMD feature utilizes time domain reflectometry (TDR) to analyze the cabling plant for common cabling problems such as open circuits, short circuits and impedance mismatches. LinkMD works by sending a pulse of known amplitude and duration down the MDI and MDI-X pairs and then analyzes the shape of the reflected signal. Timing the pulse duration gives an indication of the distance to the cabling fault with maximum distance of 200m and accuracy of +/- 2m. Internal circuitry displays the TDR information in a user-readable digital format. Note: Cable diagnostics are only valid for copper connections and do not support fiber optic operation. Access LinkMD is initiated by accessing registers {26,27} and {42,43}, the LinkMD Control/Status registers, for ports 1 and 2, respectively; and in conjunction with registers 29 and 45, Port Control Register 13, for ports 1 and 2, respectively. Alternatively, the MIIM PHY registers 0 and 29 can be used for LinkMD access. Usage The following is a sample procedure for using LinkMD with registers {26,27,29} on port 1. 1. Disable auto MDI/MDI-X by writing a ‘1’ to register 29, bit [2] to enable manual control over the differential pair used to transmit the LinkMD pulse. 2. Start cable diagnostic test by writing a ‘1’ to register 26, bit [4]. This enable bit is self-clearing. 3. Wait (poll) for register 26, bit [4] to return a ‘0’, indicating cable diagnostic test is completed. 4. Read cable diagnostic test results in register 26, bits [6:5]. The results are as follows: 00 = normal condition (valid test) 01 = open condition detected in cable (valid test) 10 = short condition detected in cable (valid test) 11 = cable diagnostic test failed (invalid test) The ‘11’ case, invalid test, occurs when the KSZ8893MQL/MBL is unable to shut down the link partner. In this instance, the test is not run, since it would be impossible for the KSZ8893MQL/MBL to determine if the detected signal is a reflection of the signal generated or a signal from another source. 5. Get distance to fault by concatenating register 26, bit [0] and register 27, bits [7:0]; and multiplying the result by a constant of 0.4. The distance to the cable fault can be determined by the following formula: D (distance to cable fault) = 0.4 x {(register 26, bit [0]),(register 27, bits [7:0])} D (distance to cable fault) is expressed in meters. Concatenated value of registers 26 and 27 is converted to decimal before multiplying by 0.4. The constant (0.4) may be calibrated for different cabling conditions, including cables with a velocity of propagation that varies significantly from the norm. For port 2 and for the MIIM PHY registers, LinkMD usage is similar. December 2007 34 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Functional Overview: MAC and Switch Address Lookup The internal lookup table stores MAC addresses and their associated information. It contains a 1K unicast address table plus switching information. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL is guaranteed to learn 1K addresses and distinguishes itself from hash-based lookup tables, which depending on the operating environment and probabilities, may not guarantee the absolute number of addresses it can learn. Learning The internal lookup engine updates its table with a new entry if the following conditions are met: 1. The received packet's Source Address (SA) does not exist in the lookup table. 2. The received packet is good; the packet has no receiving errors, and is of legal length. The lookup engine inserts the qualified SA into the table, along with the port number and time stamp. If the table is full, the last entry of the table is deleted to make room for the new entry. Migration The internal lookup engine also monitors whether a station has moved. If a station has moved, it will update the table accordingly. Migration happens when the following conditions are met: 1. The received packet's SA is in the table but the associated source port information is different. 2. The received packet is good; the packet has no receiving errors, and is of legal length. The lookup engine will update the existing record in the table with the new source port information. Aging The lookup engine updates the time stamp information of a record whenever the corresponding SA appears. The time stamp is used in the aging process. If a record is not updated for a period of time, the lookup engine removes the record from the table. The lookup engine constantly performs the aging process and will continuously remove aging records. The aging period is about 200 seconds. This feature can be enabled or disabled through register 3 (0x03) bit [2]. Forwarding The KSZ8893MQL/MBL forwards packets using the algorithm that is depicted in the following flowcharts. Figure 4 shows stage one of the forwarding algorithm where the search engine looks up the VLAN ID, static table, and dynamic table for the destination address, and comes up with “port to forward 1” (PTF1). PTF1 is then further modified by spanning tree, IGMP snooping, port mirroring, and port VLAN processes to come up with “port to forward 2” (PTF2), as shown in Figure 5. The packet is sent to PTF2. December 2007 35 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Start PTF1= NULL NO VLAN ID Valid? - Search VLAN table - Ingress VLAN filtering - Discard NPVID check YES Search complete. Get PTF1 from Static MAC Table FOUND Search Static Table This search is based on DA or DA+FID NOT FOUND Search complete. Get PTF1 from Dynamic MAC Table FOUND Dynamic Table Search This search is based on DA+FID NOT FOUND Search complete. Get PTF1 from VLAN Table PTF1 Figure 4. Destination Address Lookup Flow Chart, Stage 1 December 2007 36 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL PTF1 Spanning Tree Process - Check receiving port's receive enable bit - Check destination port's transmit enable bit - Check whether packets are special (BPDU or specified) IGMP Process - Applied to MAC #1 and MAC #2 - MAC #3 is reserved for microprocessor - IGMP will be forwarded to port 3 Port Mirror Process - RX Mirror TX Mirror RX or TX Mirror RX and TX Mirror Port VLAN Membership Check PTF2 Figure 5. Destination Address Resolution Flow Chart, Stage 2 The KSZ8893MQL/MBL will not forward the following packets: 1. Error packets These include framing errors, Frame Check Sequence (FCS) errors, alignment errors, and illegal size packet errors. 2. IEEE802.3x PAUSE frames KSZ8893MQL/MBL intercepts these packets and performs full duplex flow control accordingly. 3. "Local" packets Based on destination address (DA) lookup. If the destination port from the lookup table matches the port from which the packet originated, the packet is defined as "local." December 2007 37 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Switching Engine The KSZ8893MQL/MBL features a high-performance switching engine to move data to and from the MACs’ packet buffers. It operates in store and forward mode, while the efficient switching mechanism reduces overall latency. The switching engine has a 32kB internal frame buffer. This buffer pool is shared between all three ports. There are a total of 256 buffers available. Each buffer is sized at 128 bytes. MAC Operation The KSZ8893MQL/MBL strictly abides by IEEE 802.3 standards to maximize compatibility. Inter Packet Gap (IPG) If a frame is successfully transmitted, the 96 bits time IPG is measured between the two consecutive MTXEN. If the current packet is experiencing collision, the 96 bits time IPG is measured from MCRS and the next MTXEN. Back-Off Algorithm The KSZ8893MQL/MBL implements the IEEE 802.3 standard for the binary exponential back-off algorithm, and optional "aggressive mode" back-off. After 16 collisions, the packet is optionally dropped depending on the switch configuration for register 4 (0x04) bit [3]. Late Collision If a transmit packet experiences collisions after 512 bit times of the transmission, the packet is dropped. Illegal Frames The KSZ8893MQL/MBL discards frames less than 64 bytes, and can be programmed to accept frames up to1518 bytes, 1536 bytes or 1916 bytes. These maximum frame size settings are programmed in register 4 (0x04). Since the KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports VLAN tags, the maximum sizing is adjusted when these tags are present. Full Duplex Flow Control The KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports standard IEEE 802.3x flow control frames on both transmit and receive sides. On the receive side, if the KSZ8893MQL/MBL receives a pause control frame, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL will not transmit the next normal frame until the timer, specified in the pause control frame, expires. If another pause frame is received before the current timer expires, the timer will be updated with the new value in the second pause frame. During this period (while it is flow controlled), only flow control packets from the KSZ8893MQL/MBL are transmitted. On the transmit side, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL has intelligent and efficient ways to determine when to invoke flow control. The flow control is based on availability of the system resources, including available buffers, available transmit queues and available receive queues. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL will flow control a port that has just received a packet if the destination port resource is busy. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL issues a flow control frame (XOFF), containing the maximum pause time defined by the IEEE 802.3x standard. Once the resource is freed up, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL sends out the other flow control frame (XON) with zero pause time to turn off the flow control (turn on transmission to the port). A hysteresis feature is provided to prevent the flow control mechanism from being constantly activated and deactivated. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL flow controls all ports if the receive queue becomes full. Half-Duplex Backpressure A half-duplex backpressure option (not in IEEE 802.3 standards) is also provided. The activation and deactivation conditions are the same as full duplex flow control. If backpressure is required, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL sends preambles to defer the other stations' transmission (carrier sense deference). To avoid jabber and excessive deference (as defined in the 802.3 standard), after a certain time, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL discontinues the carrier sense and then raises it again quickly. This short silent time (no carrier sense) prevents other stations from sending out packets thus keeping other stations in a carrier sense December 2007 38 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL deferred state. If the port has packets to send during a backpressure situation, the carrier sense type backpressure is interrupted and those packets are transmitted instead. If there are no additional packets to send, carrier sense type backpressure is reactivated again until switch resources free up. If a collision occurs, the binary exponential back-off algorithm is skipped and carrier sense is generated immediately, thus reducing the chance of further collisions and carrier sense is maintained to prevent packet reception. To ensure no packet loss in 10 BASE-T or 100 BASE-TX half duplex modes, the user must enable the following: 1. Aggressive back-off (register 3 (0x03), bit [0]) 2. No excessive collision drop (register 4 (0x04), bit [3]) Note: These bits are not set as defaults, as this is not the IEEE standard. Broadcast Storm Protection The KSZ8893MQL/MBL has an intelligent option to protect the switch system from receiving too many broadcast packets. As the broadcast packets are forwarded to all ports except the source port, an excessive number of switch resources (bandwidth and available space in transmit queues) may be utilized. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL has the option to include “multicast packets” for storm control. The broadcast storm rate parameters are programmed globally, and can be enabled or disabled on a per port basis. The rate is based on a 67ms interval for 100BT and a 500ms interval for 10BT. At the beginning of each interval, the counter is cleared to zero, and the rate limit mechanism starts to count the number of bytes during the interval. The rate definition is described in register 6 (0x06) and 7 (0x07). The default setting is 0x63 (99 decimal). This is equal to a rate of 1%, calculated as follows: 148,800 frames/sec * 67ms/interval * 1% = 99 frames/interval (approx.) = 0x63 Note: 148,800 frames/sec is based on 64-byte block of packets in 100BASE-TX with 12 bytes of IPG and 8 bytes of preamble between two packets. MII Interface Operation The Media Independent Interface (MII) is specified in Clause 22 of the IEEE 802.3u Standard. It provides a common interface between physical layer and MAC layer devices. The MII provided by the KSZ8893MQL/MBL is connected to the device’s third MAC. The interface contains two distinct groups of signals: one for transmission and the other for reception. The following table describes the signals used by the MII bus. PHY-Mode Connections MAC-Mode Connections External PHY Signals KSZ8893MQL/MBL MAC Signals Transmit enable MTXEN SMRXDV Transmit error MTXER (not used) Transmit data bit 3 MTXD3 SMRXD[3] SMTXD[2] Transmit data bit 2 MTXD2 SMRXD[2] SMTXD[1] Transmit data bit 1 MTXD1 SMRXD[1] SMTXD[0] Transmit data bit 0 MTXD0 SMRXD[0] SMTXC Transmit clock MTXC SMRXC MCOL SCOL Collision detection MCOL SCOL MCRS SCRS Carrier sense MCRS SCRS MRXDV SMRXDV Receive data valid MRXDV SMTXEN MRXER (not used) Receive error MRXER SMTXER MRXD3 SMRXD[3] Receive data bit 3 MRXD3 SMTXD[3] MRXD2 SMRXD[2] Receive data bit 2 MRXD2 SMTXD[2] MRXD1 SMRXD[1] Receive data bit 1 MRXD1 SMTXD[1] MRXD0 SMRXD[0] Receive data bit 0 MRXD0 SMTXD[0] MRXC SMRXC Receive clock MRXC SMTXC External MAC Controller Signals KSZ8893MQL/MBL PHY Signals MTXEN SMTXEN MTXER SMTXER MTXD3 SMTXD[3] MTXD2 MTXD1 MTXD0 MTXC Pin Descriptions Table 3. MII Signals December 2007 39 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL The MII operates in either PHY mode or MAC mode. The data interface is a nibble wide and runs at ¼ the network bit rate (not encoded). Additional signals on the transmit side indicate when data is valid or when an error occurs during transmission. Similarly, the receive side has signals that convey when the data is valid and without physical layer errors. For half duplex operation, the SCOL signal indicates if a collision has occurred during transmission. The KSZ8893MBL does not provide the MRXER signal for PHY mode operation and the MTXER signal for MAC mode operation. Normally, MRXER indicates a receive error coming from the physical layer device and MTXER indicates a transmit error from the MAC device. Since the switch filters error frames, these MII error signals are not used by the KSZ8893MBL. So, for PHY mode operation, if the device interfacing with the KSZ8893MBL has an MRXER input pin, it needs to be tied low. And, for MAC mode operation, if the device interfacing with the KSZ8893MQL/MBL has an MTXER input pin, it also needs to be tied low. RMII Interface Operation The Reduced Media Independent Interface (RMII) specifies a low pin count Media Independent Interface (MII). RMII provides a common interface between physical layer and MAC layer devices, and has the following key characteristics: 1. 2. 3. 4. Supports 10Mbps and 100Mbps data rates. Uses a single 50 MHz clock reference (provided externally). Provides independent 2-bit wide (di-bit) transmit and receive data paths. Contains two distinct groups of signals: one for transmission and the other for reception The RMII provided by the KSZ8893MQL/MBL is connected to the device’s third MAC. It complies with the RMII Specification. The following table describes the signals used by the RMII bus. Refer to RMII Specification for full detail on the signal description. RMII Signal Name Direction (with respect to the PHY) Direction (with respect to the MAC) REF_CLK Input Input or Output CRS_DV Output Input RXD1 Output Input Synchronous 50 MHz clock reference for receive, transmit and control interface Carrier sense/ Receive data valid Receive data bit 1 RXD0 Output Input Receive data bit 0 SMRXD[0] (output) TX_EN Input Output Transmit enable SMTXEN (input) TXD1 Input Output Transmit data bit 1 SMTXD[1] (input) TXD0 Input Output Transmit data bit 0 SMTXD[0] (input) RX_ER Output Input (not required) Receive error (not used) RMII Signal Description KSZ8893MQL/MBL RMII Signal (direction) REFCLK (input) SMRXDV (output) SMRXD[1] (output) SMTXER* (input) --- --- --- --- * Connects to RX_ER signal of RMII PHY device Table 4: RMII Signal Description December 2007 40 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL The KSZ8893MQL/MBL filters error frames, and thus does not implement the RX_ER output signal. To detect error frames from RMII PHY devices, the SMTXER input signal of the KSZ8893MQL/MBL is connected to the RXER output signal of the RMII PHY device. Collision detection is implemented in accordance with the RMII Specification. In RMII mode, tie MII signals, SMTXD[3:2] and SMTXER, to ground if they are not used. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL RMII can interface with RMII PHY and RMII MAC devices. The latter allows two KSZ8893MQL/MBL devices to be connected back-to-back. The following table shows the KSZ8893MQL/MBL RMII pin connections with an external RMII PHY and an external RMII MAC, such as another KSZ8893MQL/MBL device. KSZ8893MQL/MBL KSZ8893MQL/MBL PHY-MAC Connections KSZ8893MQL/M External BL PHY Signals MAC Signals MAC-MAC Connections KSZ8893MQL/M External BL MAC Signals MAC Signals REF_CLK REFCLK CRS_DV SMRXDV RXD1 Pin Descriptions REFCLK REF_CLK SMRXDV CRS_DV SMRXD[1] Reference Clock Carrier sense/ Receive data valid Receive data bit 1 SMRXD[1] RXD1 RXD0 SMRXD[0] Receive data bit 0 SMRXD[0] RXD0 TX_EN SMTXEN Transmit enable SMTXEN TX_EN TXD1 SMTXD[1] Transmit data bit 1 SMTXD[1] TXD1 TXD0 SMTXD[0] Transmit data bit 0 SMTXD[0] TXD0 RX_ER SMTXER Receive error (not used) (not used) Table 5: RMII Signal Connections SNI (7-Wire) Operation The serial network interface (SNI) or 7-wire is compatible with some controllers used for network layer protocol processing. In SNI mode, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL acts like a PHY and the external controller functions as the MAC. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL can interface directly with external controllers using the 7-wire interface. These signals are divided into two groups, one for transmission and the other for reception. The signals involved are described in the following table. Pin Descriptions External MAC Controller Signals KSZ8893MQL/MBL PHY Signals Transmit enable TXEN SMTXEN Serial transmit data TXD SMTXD[0] Transmit clock TXC SMTXC Collision detection COL SCOL Carrier sense CRS SMRXDV Serial receive data RXD SMRXD[0] Receive clock RXC SMRXC Table 6. SNI Signals December 2007 41 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL The SNI interface is a bit wide data interface and therefore runs at the network bit rate (not encoded). An additional signal on the transmit side indicates when data is valid. Similarly, the receive side has an indicator that conveys when the data is valid. For half duplex operation, the SCOL signal is used to indicate that a collision has occurred during transmission. MII Management (MIIM) Interface The KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports the IEEE 802.3 MII Management Interface, also known as the Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) Interface. This interface allows upper-layer devices to monitor and control the states of the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. An external device with MDC/MDIO capability is used to read the PHY status or configure the PHY settings. Further detail on the MIIM interface is found in Clause 22.2.4.5 of the IEEE 802.3u Specification. The MIIM interface consists of the following: A physical connection that incorporates the data line (MDIO) and the clock line (MDC). A specific protocol that operates across the aforementioned physical connection that allows an external controller to communicate with the KSZ8893MQL/MBL device. Access to a set of eight 16-bit registers, consisting of six standard MIIM registers [0:5] and two custom MIIM registers [29, 31]. The MIIM Interface can operate up to a maximum clock speed of 5 MHz. The following table depicts the MII Management Interface frame format. Preamble Start of Frame Read/Write PHY REG OP Code Address TA Address Data Idle Bits [15:0] Bits [4:0] Bits [4:0] Read 32 1’s 01 10 AAAAA RRRRR Z0 DDDDDDDD_DDDDDDDD Z Write 32 1’s 01 01 AAAAA RRRRR 10 DDDDDDDD_DDDDDDDD Z Table 7. MII Management Interface Frame Format December 2007 42 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Serial Management Interface (SMI) The SMI is the KSZ8893MQL/MBL non-standard MIIM interface that provides access to all KSZ8893MQL/MBL configuration registers. This interface allows an external device to completely monitor and control the states of the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. The SMI interface consists of the following: A physical connection that incorporates the data line (MDIO) and the clock line (MDC). A specific protocol that operates across the aforementioned physical connection that allows an external controller to communicate with the KSZ8893MQL/MBL device. Access to all KSZ8893MQL/MBL configuration registers. Register access includes the Global, Port and Advanced Control Registers 0-141 (0x00 – 0x8D), and indirect access to the standard MIIM registers [0:5] and custom MIIM registers [29, 31]. The following table depicts the SMI frame format. Preamble Start of Frame Read/Write PHY REG OP Code Address TA Address Data Idle Bits [15:0] Bits [4:0] Bits [4:0] Read 32 1’s 01 00 1xRRR RRRRR Z0 0000_0000_DDDD_DDDD Z Write 32 1’s 01 00 0xRRR RRRRR 10 xxxx_xxxx_DDDD_DDDD Z Table 8. Serial Management Interface (SMI) Frame Format SMI register read access is selected when OP Code is set to “00” and bit 4 of the PHY address is set to ‘1’. SMI register write access is selected when OP Code is set to “00” and bit 4 of the PHY address is set to ‘0’. PHY address bit[3] is undefined for SMI register access, and hence can be set to either ‘0’ or ‘1’ in read/write operations. To access the KSZ8893MQL/MBL registers 0-141 (0x00 – 0x8D), the following applies: PHYAD[2:0] and REGAD[4:0] are concatenated to form the 8-bit address; that is, {PHYAD[2:0], REGAD[4:0]} = bits [7:0] of the 8-bit address. Registers are 8 data bits wide. For read operation, data bits [15:8] are read back as 0’s. For write operation, data bits [15:8] are not defined, and hence can be set to either ‘0’ or ‘1’. SMI register access is the same as the MIIM register access, except for the register access requirements presented in this section. Repeater Mode The KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports repeater mode in 100BASE-TX Half Duplex mode. In repeater mode, all ingress packets are broadcast to the other two ports. MAC address checking and learning are disabled. Repeater mode is enabled by setting register 6 bit[7] to ‘1’. Prior to setting this bit, all three ports need to be configured to 100BASE-TX Half Duplex mode. Additionally, both PHY ports need to have auto-negotiation disabled. The latency between the two PHY ports is 270 ns (minimum) and 310 ns (maximum). The 40 ns difference is one clock skew (one 25 MHz clock period) between reception and transmission. Latency is defined as the time from the first bit of the Destination Address (DA) entering the ingress port to the first bit of the DA exiting the egress port. December 2007 43 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Advanced Switch Functions Spanning Tree Support To support spanning tree, port 3 is designated as the processor port. The other ports (port 1 and port 2) can be configured in one of the five spanning tree states via “transmit enable”, “receive enable” and “learning disable” register settings in registers 18 and 34 for ports 1 and 2, respectively. The following table shows the port setting and software actions taken for each of the five spanning tree states. Disable State Port Setting Software Action The port should not forward or receive any packets. Learning is disabled. “transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable =1” The processor should not send any packets to the port. The switch may still send specific packets to the processor (packets that match some entries in the “static MAC table” with “overriding bit” set) and the processor should discard those packets. Address learning is disabled on the port in this state. Blocking State Port Setting Software Action Only packets to the processor are forwarded. Learning is disabled. “transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable =1” The processor should not send any packets to the port(s) in this state. The processor should program the “Static MAC table” with the entries that it needs to receive (for example, BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit should also be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the processor. Address learning is disabled on the port in this state. Listening State Port Setting Software Action Only packets to and from the processor are forwarded. Learning is disabled. “transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable =1” The processor should program the “Static MAC table” with the entries that it needs to receive (for example, BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the processor. The processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state. See “Special Tagging Mode” for details. Address learning is disabled on the port in this state. Learning State Port Setting Software Action Only packets to and from the processor are forwarded. Learning is enabled. “transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 0” The processor should program the “Static MAC table” with the entries that it needs to receive (for example, BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the processor. The processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state. See “Special Tagging Mode” for details. Address learning is enabled on the port in this state. Forwarding State Port Setting Software Action Packets are forwarded and received normally. Learning is enabled. “transmit enable = 1, receive enable = 1, learning disable = 0” The processor programs the “Static MAC table” with the entries that it needs to receive (for example, BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit is set so that the switch forwards those specific packets to the processor. The processor can send packets to the port(s) in this state. See “Special Tagging Mode” for details. Address learning is enabled on the port in this state. Table 9: Spanning Tree States December 2007 44 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Special Tagging Mode Special Tagging Mode is designed for spanning tree protocol IGMP snooping and is flexible for use in other applications. Special Tagging, similar to 802.1Q Tagging, requires software to change network drivers to insert/modify/strip/interpret the special tag. This mode is enabled by setting both register 11 bit [0] and register 48 bit [2] to ‘1’. 802.1Q Tag Format TPID (tag protocol identifier, 0x8100) + TCI. Special Tag Format STPID (special tag identifier, 0x810 + 4 bit for “port mask”) + TCI Table 10. Special Tagging Mode Format The STPID is only seen and used by the port 3 interface, which should be connected to a processor. Packets from the processor to the switch’s port 3 should be tagged with the STPID and the port mask, defined as follows: “0001”, forward packet to port 1 only “0010”, forward packet to port 2 only “0011”, broadcast packet to port 1 and port 2 Packets with normal tags (“0000” port masks) will use KSZ8893MQL/MBL internal MAC table lookup to determine the forwarding port(s). Also, if packets from the processor are not tagged, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL will treat them as normal packets and use internal MAC table lookup to determine the forwarding port(s). The KSZ8893MQL/MBL uses a non-zero “port mask” to bypass the internal MAC table lookup result, and override any port setting, regardless of port states (disable, blocking, listening, learning). The table below shows the processor to switch egress rules when dealing with STPID. Ingress Tag Field TX port “tag insertion” TX port “tag removal” Egress Action to Tag Field - Modify tag field to 0x8100 (0x810+ port mask) 0 - Recalculate CRC 0 - No change to TCI if not null VID - Replace VID with ingress (port 3) port VID if null VID - (STPID + TCI) will be removed (0x810+ port mask) 0 1 - Padding to 64 bytes if necessary - Recalculate CRC - Modify tag field to 0x8100 (0x810+ port mask) 1 - Recalculate CRC 0 - No change to TCI if not null VID - Replace VID with ingress (port 3) port VID if null VID - Modify tag field to 0x8100 (0x810+ port mask) 1 - Recalculate CRC 1 - No change to TCI if not null VID - Replace VID with ingress (port 3) port VID if null VID Not Tagged Don’t care Don’t care - Determined by the Dynamic MAC Address Table Table 11. STPID Egress Rules (Processor to Switch Port 3) December 2007 45 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL For packets from regular ports (port 1 & port 2) to port 3, the port mask is used to tell the processor which port the packets were received on, defined as follows: “0001”, packet from port 1 “0010”, packet from port 2 No port mask values, other than the previous two defined ones, should be received in this direction in Special Tagging Mode. The switch to processor egress rules are defined as follows: Ingress Packets Egress Action to Tag Field - Modify TPID to 0x810 + “port mask”, which indicates source port. Tagged with 0x8100 + TCI - No change to TCI if VID is not null - Replace null VID with ingress port VID - Recalculate CRC - Insert TPID to 0x810 + “port mask, which indicates source port Not tagged. - Insert TCI with ingress port VID - Recalculate CRC Table 12. STPID Egress Rules (Switch Port 3 to Processor) IGMP Support For Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) support in layer 2, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL provides two components: IGMP Snooping The KSZ8893MQL/MBL traps IGMP packets and forwards them only to the processor (port 3). The IGMP packets are identified as IP packets (either Ethernet IP packets, or IEEE 802.3 SNAP IP packets) with IP version = 0x4 and protocol version number = 0x2. Multicast Address Insertion in the Static MAC Table Once the multicast address is programmed in the Static MAC Table, the multicast session is trimmed to the subscribed ports, instead of broadcasting to all ports. To enable IGMP support, set register 5 bit [6] to ‘1’. Also, Special Tagging Mode needs to be enabled, so that the processor knows which port the IGMP packet was received on. This is achieved by setting both register 11 bit [0] and register 48 bit [2] to ‘1’. IPv6 MLD Snooping The KSZ8893MQL/MBL traps IPv6 Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) packets and forwards them only to processor (port 3). MLD snooping is controlled by register 5 bit 5 (MLD snooping enable) and register 5 bit 4 (MLD option). With MLD snooping enabled, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL traps packets that meet all of the following conditions: • • • IPv6 multicast packets Hop count limit = 1 IPv6 next header = 1 or 58 (or = 0 with hop-by-hop next header = 1 or 58) If the MLD option bit is set to “1”, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL traps packets with the following additional condition: • IPv6 next header = 43, 44, 50, 51, or 60 (or = 0 with hop-by-hop next header = 43, 44, 50, 51, or 60) For MLD snooping, Special Tagging Mode also needs to be enabled, so that the processor knows which port the MLD packet was received on. This is achieved by setting both register 11 bit [0] and register 48 bit [2] to ‘1’. December 2007 46 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Port Mirroring Support KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports “Port Mirroring” comprehensively as: “receive only” mirror on a port All the packets received on the port are mirrored on the sniffer port. For example, port 1 is programmed to be “receive sniff” and port 3 is programmed to be the “sniffer port”. A packet received on port 1 is destined to port 2 after the internal lookup. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL forwards the packet to both port 2 and port 3. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL can optionally even forward “bad” received packets to the “sniffer port”. “transmit only” mirror on a port All the packets transmitted on the port are mirrored on the sniffer port. For example, port 1 is programmed to be “transmit sniff” and port 3 is programmed to be the “sniffer port”. A packet received on port 2 is destined to port 1 after the internal lookup. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL forwards the packet to both port 1 and port 3. “receive and transmit” mirror on two ports All the packets received on port A and transmitted on port B are mirrored on the sniffer port. To turn on the “AND” feature, set register 5 bit [0] to ‘1’. For example, port 1 is programmed to be “receive sniff”, port 2 is programmed to be “transmit sniff”, and port 3 is programmed to be the “sniffer port”. A packet received on port 1 is destined to port 2 after the internal lookup. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL forwards the packet to both port 2 and port 3. Multiple ports can be selected as “receive sniff” or “transmit sniff”. In addition, any port can be selected as the “sniffer port”. All these per port features can be selected through registers 17, 33 and 49 for ports 1, 2 and 3, respectively. IEEE 802.1Q VLAN Support The KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports 16 active VLANs out of the 4096 possible VLANs specified in the IEEE 802.1Q specification. KSZ8893MQL/MBL provides a 16-entries VLAN Table, which converts the 12-bits VLAN ID (VID) to the 4-bits Filter ID (FID) for address lookup. If a non-tagged or null-VID-tagged packet is received, the ingress port default VID is used for lookup. In VLAN mode, the lookup process starts with VLAN Table lookup to determine whether the VID is valid. If the VID is not valid, the packet is dropped and its address is not learned. If the VID is valid, the FID is retrieved for further lookup. The FID + Destination Address (FID+DA) are used to determine the destination port. The FID + Source Address (FID+SA) are used for address learning. DA found in Static MAC Table? Use FID flag? FID match? DA+FID found in Dynamic MAC Table? Action No Don’t care Don’t care No Broadcast to the membership ports defined in the VLAN Table bits [18:16] No Don’t care Don’t care Yes Send to the destination port defined in the Dynamic MAC Address Table bits [53:52] Yes 0 Don’t care Don’t care Send to the destination port(s) defined in the Static MAC Address Table bits [50:48] Yes 1 No No Broadcast to the membership ports defined in the VLAN Table bits [18:16] Yes 1 No Yes Send to the destination port defined in the Dynamic MAC Address Table bits [53:52] Yes 1 Yes Don’t care Send to the destination port(s) defined in the Static MAC Address Table bits [50:48] Table 13. FID+DA Lookup in VLAN Mode December 2007 47 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL FID+SA found in Dynamic MAC Table? Action No Learn and add FID+SA to the Dynamic MAC Address Table Yes Update time stamp Table 14. FID+SA Lookup in VLAN Mode Advanced VLAN features, such as “Ingress VLAN filtering” and “Discard Non PVID packets” are also supported by the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. These features can be set on a per port basis, and are defined in register 18, 34 and 50 for ports 1, 2 and 3, respectively. QoS Priority Support The KSZ8893MQL/MBL provides Quality of Service (QoS) for applications such as VoIP and video conferencing. Offering four priority queues per port, the per-port transmit queue can be split into four priority queues: Queue 3 is the highest priority queue and Queue 0 is the lowest priority queue. Bit [0] of registers 16, 32 and 48 is used to enable split transmit queues for ports 1, 2 and 3, respectively. If a port's transmit queue is not split, high priority and low priority packets have equal priority in the transmit queue. There is an additional option to either always deliver high priority packets first or use weighted fair queuing for the four priority queues. This global option is set and explained in bit [3] of register 5. Port-Based Priority With port-based priority, each ingress port is individually classified as a high priority receiving port. All packets received at the high priority receiving port are marked as high priority and are sent to the high-priority transmit queue if the corresponding transmit queue is split. Bits [4:3] of registers 16, 32 and 48 are used to enable portbased priority for ports 1, 2 and 3, respectively. 802.1p-Based Priority For 802.1p-based priority, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL examines the ingress (incoming) packets to determine whether they are tagged. If tagged, the 3-bit priority field in the VLAN tag is retrieved and compared against the “priority mapping” value, as specified by the registers 12 and 13. The “priority mapping” value is programmable. The following figure illustrates how the 802.1p priority field is embedded in the 802.1Q VLAN tag. 6 6 2 2 2 Preamble DA SA VPID TCI length Bits 802.1q VLAN Tag 16 Tagged Packet Type (8100 for Ethernet) 3 1 802.1p CFI 8 Bytes 46-1500 LLC Data 4 FCS 12 VLAN ID Figure 6. 802.1p Priority Field Format 802.1p-based priority is enabled by bit [5] of registers 16, 32 and 48 for ports 1, 2 and 3, respectively. December 2007 48 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL The KSZ8893MQL/MBL provides the option to insert or remove the priority tagged frame's header at each individual egress port. This header, consisting of the 2 bytes VLAN Protocol ID (VPID) and the 2-byte Tag Control Information field (TCI), is also referred to as the IEEE 802.1Q VLAN tag. Tag Insertion is enabled by bit [2] of registers 16, 32 and 48 for ports 1, 2 and 3, respectively. At the egress port, untagged packets are tagged with the ingress port’s default tag. The default tags are programmed in register sets {19,20}, {35,36} and {51,52} for ports 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL will not add tags to already tagged packets. Tag Removal is enabled by bit [1] of registers 16, 32 and 48 for ports 1, 2 and 3, respectively. At the egress port, tagged packets will have their 802.1Q VLAN Tags removed. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL will not modify untagged packets. The CRC is recalculated for both tag insertion and tag removal. 802.1p Priority Field Re-mapping is a QoS feature that allows the KSZ8893MQL/MBL to set the “User Priority Ceiling” at any ingress port. If the ingress packet’s priority field has a higher priority value than the default tag’s priority field of the ingress port, the packet’s priority field is replaced with the default tag’s priority field. The “User Priority Ceiling” is enabled by bit [3] of registers 17, 33 and 49 for ports 1, 2 and 3, respectively. DiffServ-Based Priority DiffServ-based priority uses the ToS registers (registers 96 to 111) in the Advanced Control Registers section. The ToS priority control registers implement a fully decoded, 64-bit Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) register to determine packet priority from the 6-bit ToS field in the IP header. When the most significant 6 bits of the ToS field are fully decoded, the resultant of the 64 possibilities is compared with the corresponding bits in the DSCP register to determine priority. Rate Limiting Support The KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports hardware rate limiting from 64 Kbps to 88 Mbps, independently on the “receive side” and on the “transmit side” on a per port basis. For 10BASE-T, a rate setting above 10 Mbps means the rate is not limited. On the receive side, the data receive rate for each priority at each port can be limited by setting up Ingress Rate Control Registers. On the transmit side, the data transmit rate for each priority queue at each port can be limited by setting up Egress Rate Control Registers. The size of each frame has options to include minimum IFG (Inter Frame Gap) or Preamble byte, in addition to the data field (from packet DA to FCS). For ingress rate limiting, KSZ8893MQL/MBL provides options to selectively choose frames from all types, multicast, broadcast, and flooded unicast frames. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL counts the data rate from those selected type of frames. Packets are dropped at the ingress port when the data rate exceeds the specified rate limit. For egress rate limiting, the Leaky Bucket algorithm is applied to each output priority queue for shaping output traffic. Inter frame gap is stretched on a per frame base to generate smooth, non-burst egress traffic. The throughput of each output priority queue is limited by the egress rate specified. If any egress queue receives more traffic than the specified egress rate throughput, packets may be accumulated in the output queue and packet memory. After the memory of the queue or the port is used up, packet dropping or flow control will be triggered. As a result of congestion, the actual egress rate may be dominated by flow control/dropping at the ingress end, and may be therefore slightly less than the specified egress rate. To reduce congestion, it is a good practice to make sure the egress bandwidth exceeds the ingress bandwidth. Unicast MAC Address Filtering The unicast MAC address filtering function works in conjunction with the static MAC address table. First, the static MAC address table is used to assign a dedicated MAC address to a specific port. If a unicast MAC address is not recorded in the static table, it is also not learned in the dynamic MAC table. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL is then configured with the option to either filter or forward unicast packets for an unknown MAC address. This option is enabled and configured in register 14. December 2007 49 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL This function is useful in preventing the broadcast of unicast packets that could degrade the quality of the port in applications such as voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). Configuration Interface The KSZ8893MQL/MBL can operate as both a managed switch and an unmanaged switch. In unmanaged mode, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL is typically programmed using an EEPROM. If no EEPROM is present, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL is configured using its default register settings. Some default settings are configured via strap-in pin options. The strap-in pins are indicated in the “KSZ8893MQL/MBL Pin Description and I/O Assignment” table. 2 I C Master Serial Bus Configuration 2 With an additional I C (“2-wire”) EEPROM, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL can perform more advanced switch features like “broadcast storm protection” and “rate control” without the need of an external processor. 2 For KSZ8893MQL/MBL I C Master configuration, the EEPROM stores the configuration data for register 0 to register 120 (as defined in the KSZ8893MQL/MBL register map) with the exception of the “Read Only” status registers. After the de-assertion of reset, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL sequentially reads in the configuration data for all 121 registers, starting from register 0. The configuration access time (tprgm) is less than 15 ms, as depicted in the following figure. RST_N .... SCL .... SDA .... tprgm<15 ms Figure 7. KSZ8893MQL/MBL EEPROM Configuration Timing Diagram The following is a sample procedure for programming the KSZ8893MQL/MBL with a pre-configured EEPROM: 1. Connect the KSZ8893MQL/MBL to the EEPROM by joining the SCL and SDA signals of the respective devices. For the KSZ8893MQL/MBL, SCL is pin 97 and SDA is pin 98. 2 2. Enable I C master mode by setting the KSZ8893MQL/MBL strap-in pins, PS[1:0] (pins 100 and 101, respectively) to “00”. 3. Check to ensure that the KSZ8893MQL/MBL reset signal input, RST_N (pin 67), is properly connected to the external reset source at the board level. 4. Program the desired configuration data into the EEPROM. 5. Place the EEPROM on the board and power up the board. 6. Assert an active-low reset to the RST_N pin of the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. After reset is de-asserted, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL begins reading the configuration data from the EEPROM. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL checks that the first byte read from the EEPROM is “88”. If this value is correct, EEPROM configuration continues. If not, EEPROM configuration access is denied and all other data sent from the EEPROM is ignored by the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. The configuration access time (tprgm) is less than 15ms. Note: For proper operation, check to ensure that the KSZ8893MQL/MBL PWRDN input signal (pin 36) is not asserted during the reset operation. The PWRDN input is active low. December 2007 50 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL 2 I C Slave Serial Bus Configuration 2 2 In managed mode, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL can be configured as an I C slave device. In this mode, an I C master device (external controller/CPU) has complete programming access to the KSZ8893MQL/MBL’s 142 registers. Programming access includes the Global Registers, Port Registers, Advanced Control Registers and indirect access to the “Static MAC Table”, “VLAN Table”, “Dynamic MAC Table,” and “MIB Counters.” The tables and counters are indirectly accessed via registers 121 to 131. 2 2 In I C slave mode, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL operates like other I C slave devices. Addressing the KSZ8893MQL/MBL’s 8-bit registers is similar to addressing Atmel’s AT24C02 EEPROM’s memory locations. 2 Details of I C read/write operations and related timing information can be found in the AT24C02 Datasheet. 2 Two fixed 8-bit device addresses are used to address the KSZ8893MQL/MBL in I C slave mode. One is for read; the other is for write. The addresses are as follow: 1011_1111 <read> 1011_1110 <write> 2 The following is a sample procedure for programming the KSZ8893MQL/MBL using the I C slave serial bus: 2 1. Enable I C slave mode by setting the KSZ8893MQL/MBL strap-in pins PS[1:0] (pins 100 and 101, respectively) to “01”. 2. Power up the board and assert reset to the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. After reset, the “Start Switch” bit (register 1 bit [0]) is set to ‘0’. 2 3. Configure the desired register settings in the KSZ8893MQL/MBL, using the I C write operation. 2 4. Read back and verify the register settings in the KSZ8893MQL/MBL, using the I C read operation. 5. Write a ‘1’ to the “Start Switch” bit to start the KSZ8893MQL/MBL with the programmed settings. Note: The “Start Switch” bit cannot be set to ‘0’ to stop the switch after an ‘1’ is written to this bit. Thus, it is recommended that all switch configuration settings are programmed before the “Start Switch” bit is set to ‘1’. Some of the configuration settings, such as “Aging enable”, “Auto Negotiation Enable”, “Force Speed” and “Power down” can be programmed after the switch has been started. SPI Slave Serial Bus Configuration In managed mode, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL can be configured as a SPI slave device. In this mode, a SPI master device (external controller/CPU) has complete programming access to the KSZ8893MQL/MBL’s 142 registers. Programming access includes the Global Registers, Port Registers, Advanced Control Registers and indirect access to the “Static MAC Table”, “VLAN Table”, “Dynamic MAC Table” and “MIB Counters”. The tables and counters are indirectly accessed via registers 121 to 131. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports two standard SPI commands: ‘0000_0011’ for data read and ‘0000_0010’ for data write. SPI multiple read and multiple write are also supported by the KSZ8893MQL/MBL to expedite register read back and register configuration, respectively. SPI multiple read is initiated when the master device continues to drive the KSZ8893MQL/MBL SPIS_N input pin (SPI Slave Select signal) low after a byte (a register) is read. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL internal address counter increments automatically to the next byte (next register) after the read. The next byte at the next register address is shifted out onto the KSZ8893MQL/MBL SPIQ output pin. SPI multiple read continues until the SPI master device terminates it by de-asserting the SPIS_N signal to the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. Similarly, SPI multiple write is initiated when the master device continues to drive the KSZ8893MQL/MBL SPIS_N input pin low after a byte (a register) is written. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL internal address counter increments automatically to the next byte (next register) after the write. The next byte that is sent from the master device to the KSZ8893MQL/MBL SDA input pin is written to the next register address. SPI multiple write continues until the SPI master device terminates it by de-asserting the SPIS_N signal to the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. For both SPI multiple read and multiple write, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL internal address counter wraps back to register address zero once the highest register address is reached. This feature allows all 142 KSZ8893MQL/MBL registers to be read, or written with a single SPI command from any initial register address. The KSZ8893MQL/MBL is capable of supporting a 5MHz SPI bus. December 2007 51 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL The following is a sample procedure for programming the KSZ8893MQL/MBL using the SPI bus: 1. At the board level, connect the KSZ8893MQL/MBL pins as follows: KSZ8893MQL/MBL Pin # KSZ8893MQL/MBL Signal Name External Processor Signal Description 99 SPIS_N SPI Slave Select 97 SCL (SPIC) SPI Clock 98 SDA (SPID) SPI Data (Master output; Slave input) 96 SPIQ SPI Data (Master input; Slave output) Table 15. KSZ8893MQL/MBL SPI Connections 2. Enable SPI slave mode by setting the KSZ8893MQL/MBL strap-in pins PS[1:0] (pins 100 and 101, respectively) to “10”. 3. Power up the board and assert reset to the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. After reset, the “Start Switch” bit (register 1 bit [0]) is set to ‘0’. 4. Configure the desired register settings in the KSZ8893MQL/MBL, using the SPI write or multiple write command. 5. Read back and verify the register settings in the KSZ8893MQL/MBL, using the SPI read or multiple read command. 6. Write a ‘1’ to the “Start Switch” bit to start the KSZ8893MQL/MBL with the programmed settings. Note: The “Start Switch” bit cannot be set to ‘0’ to stop the switch after an ‘1’ is written to this bit. Thus, it is recommended that all switch configuration settings are programmed before the “Start Switch” bit is set to ‘1’. Some of the configuration settings, such as “Aging enable”, “Auto Negotiation Enable”, “Force Speed” and “Power down” can be programmed after the switch has been started. The following four figures illustrate the SPI data cycles for “Write”, “Read”, “Multiple Write” and “Multiple Read”. The read data is registered out of SPIQ on the falling edge of SPIC, and the data input on SPID is registered on the rising edge of SPIC. SPIS_N SPIC SPID X 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 A7 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 SPIQ WRITE COMMAND WRITE ADDRESS WRITE DATA Figure 8. SPI Write Data Cycle December 2007 52 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL SPIS_N SPIC SPID X 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 A7 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 SPIQ D7 READ COMMAND D6 READ ADDRESS D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 READ DATA Figure 9. SPI Read Data Cycle SPIS_N SPIC SPID X 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 A7 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 D2 D1 D0 SPIQ WRITE COMMAND WRITE ADDRESS Byte 1 SPIS_N SPIC SPID D7 D6 D5 D4 D4 D2 D1 D0 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D7 D0 D6 D5 D4 D3 SPIQ Byte 2 Byte 3 ... Byte N Figure 10. SPI Multiple Write SPIS_N SPIC SPID X 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 A7 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 READ COMMAND A0 X X X X X X X X D7 SPIQ D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 READ ADDRESS Byte 1 SPIS_N SPIC SPID X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X SPIQ D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 Byte 2 Byte 3 Byte N Figure 11. SPI Multiple Read December 2007 53 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Loopback Support The KSZ8893MQL/MBL provides loopback support for remote diagnostic of failure. In loopback mode, the speed at both PHY ports needs to be set to 100BASE-TX. Two types of loopback are supported: Far-end Loopback and Near-end (Remote) Loopback. Far-end Loopback Far-end loopback is conducted between the KSZ8893MQL/MBL’s two PHY ports. The loopback path starts at the “Originating.” PHY port’s receive inputs (RXP/RXM), wraps around at the “loopback” PHY port’s PMD/PMA, and ends at the “Originating” PHY port’s transmit outputs (TXP/TXM). Bit [0] of registers 29 and 45 is used to enable far-end loopback for ports 1 and 2, respectively. Alternatively, the MII Management register 0, bit [14] can be used to enable far-end loopback. The far-end loopback path is illustrated in the following figure. RXP / RXM O riginating P H Y P o rt TXP / TXM P M D /P M A PCS MAC S w itc h MAC PCS P M D /P M A L oop B ack P H Y P o rt Figure 12: Far-End Loopback Path December 2007 54 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Near-end (Remote) Loopback Near-end (Remote) loopback is conducted at either PHY port 1 or PHY port 2.of the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. The loopback path starts at the PHY port’s receive inputs (RXPx/RXMx), wraps around at the same PHY port’s PMD/PMA, and ends at the PHY port’s transmit outputs (TXPx/TXMx). Bit [1] of registers 26 and 42 is used to enable near-end loopback for ports 1 and 2, respectively. Alternatively, the MII Management register 31, bit [1] can be used to enable near-end loopback. The near-end loopback paths are illustrated in the following figure. RXP1 / RXM 1 PHY Port 1 TXP1 / TXM 1 PMD/PMA PCS MAC Switch MAC PCS PMD/PMA RXP2 / RXM2 PHY Port 2 TXP2 / TXM2 Figure 13. Near-end (Remote) Loopback Path December 2007 55 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL MII Management (MIIM) Registers 2 The MIIM interface is used to access the MII PHY registers defined in this section. The SPI, I C, and SMI interfaces can also be used to access some of these registers. The latter three interfaces use a different mapping mechanism than the MIIM interface. The “PHYADs” by defaults are assigned “0x1” for PHY1 (port 1) and “0x2” for PHY2 (port 2). Additionally, these “PHYADs” can be programmed to the PHY addresses specified in bits[7:3] of Register 15 (0x0F): Global Control 13. The “REGAD” supported are 0x0-0x5, 0x1D and 0x1F. Register Number Description PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x0 PHY1 Basic Control Register PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x1 PHY1 Basic Status Register PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x2 PHY1 Physical Identifier I PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x3 PHY1 Physical Identifier II PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x4 PHY1 Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Register PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x5 PHY1 Auto-Negotiation Link Partner Ability Register PHYAD = 0x1, 0x6 – 0x1C PHY1 Not supported PHYAD = 0x1, 0x1D PHY1 LinkMD Control/Status PHYAD = 0x1, 0x1E PHY1 Not supported PHYAD = 0x1, 0x1F PHY1 Special Control/Status PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x0 PHY2 Basic Control Register PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x1 PHY2 Basic Status Register PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x2 PHY2 Physical Identifier I PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x3 PHY2 Physical Identifier II PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x4 PHY2 Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Register PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x5 PHY2 Auto-Negotiation Link Partner Ability Register PHYAD = 0x2, 0x6 – 0x1C PHY2 Not supported PHYAD = 0x2, 0x1D PHY2 LinkMD Control/Status PHYAD = 0x2, 0x1E PHY2 Not supported PHYAD = 0x2, 0x1F PHY2 Special Control/Status December 2007 56 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL PHY1 Register 0 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x0): MII Basic Control PHY2 Register 0 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x0): MII Basic Control Bit Name R/W Description Default 15 Soft reset RO NOT SUPPORTED 0 14 Loopback R/W = 1, Perform loopback, as indicated: 0 Reference Reg. 29, bit 0 Reg. 45, bit 0 Port 1 Loopback (reg. 29, bit 0 = ‘1’) Start: RXP2/RXM2 (port 2) Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 1’s PHY End: TXP2/TXM2 (port 2) Port 2 Loopback (reg. 45, bit 0 = ‘1’) Start: RXP1/RXM1 (port 1) Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 2’s PHY End: TXP1/TXM1 (port 1) =0, Normal operation 13 Force 100 R/W =1, 100 Mbps 0 =0, 10 Mbps 12 AN enable R/W Reg. 28, bit 6 Reg. 44, bit 6 =1, Auto-negotiation enabled 1 =0, Auto-negotiation disabled Reg. 28, bit 7 Reg. 44, bit 7 11 Power down R/W =1, Power down 0 10 Isolate RO NOT SUPPORTED 0 9 Restart AN R/W =1, Restart auto-negotiation 0 Reg. 29, bit 5 8 Force full duplex R/W 0 Reg. 28, bit 5 7 Collision test RO 6 Reserved RO 5 Hp_mdix R/W 1 = HP Auto MDI/MDI-X mode 4 Force MDI R/W =1, Force MDI (transmit on RXP / RXM pins) =0, Normal operation Reg. 45, bit 3 =0, Normal operation Reg. 45, bit 5 =1, Full duplex =0, Half duplex Reg. 44, bit 5 NOT SUPPORTED 0 0 1 Reg. 31, bit 7 0 Reg. 29, bit 1 0 = Micrel Auto MDI/MDI-X mode Reg. 47, bit 7 =0, Normal operation (transmit on TXP / TXM pins) 3 Disable MDIX R/W =1, Disable auto MDI-X Reg. 45, bit 1 0 =0, Enable auto MDI-X 2 1 0 Disable far-end fault R/W Disable transmit R/W Disable LED R/W =1, Disable far-end fault detection Reg. 29, bit 2 Reg. 45, bit 2 0 Reg. 29, bit 4 0 Reg. 29, bit 6 =0, Normal operation =1, Disable transmit =0, Normal operation Reg. 45, bit 6 =1, Disable LED 0 =0, Normal operation December 2007 Reg. 29, bit 3 Reg. 29, bit 7 Reg. 45, bit 7 57 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL PHY1 Register 1 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x1): MII Basic Status PHY2 Register 1 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x1): MII Basic Status Bit Name R/W Description 15 T4 capable RO =0, Not 100 BASE-T4 capable 0 14 100 Full capable RO =1, 100BASE-TX full duplex capable 1 Always 1 100 Half capable RO 1 Always 1 12 10 Full capable RO 1 Always 1 11 10 Half capable RO 1 Always 1 10-7 Reserved RO 6 Preamble suppressed RO 5 AN complete RO 13 Default Reference =0, Not capable of 100BASE-TX full duplex =1, 100BASE-TX half duplex capable =0, Not 100BASE-TX half duplex capable =1, 10BASE-T full duplex capable =0, Not 10BASE-T full duplex capable =1, 10BASE-T half duplex capable =0, Not 10BASE-T half duplex capable 0000 NOT SUPPORTED 0 =1, Auto-negotiation complete 0 =0, Auto-negotiation not completed 4 Far-end fault RO =1, Far-end fault detected 3 AN capable RO =1, Auto-negotiation capable Reg. 30, bit 6 Reg. 46, bit 6 0 Reg. 31, bit 0 1 Reg. 28, bit 7 =0, No far-end fault detected =0, Not auto-negotiation capable 2 Link status RO =1, Link is up Reg. 44, bit 7 0 =0, Link is down Reg. 30, bit 5 Reg. 46, bit 5 1 Jabber test RO NOT SUPPORTED 0 0 Extended capable RO =0, Not extended register capable 0 PHY1 Register 2 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x2): PHYID High PHY2 Register 2 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x2): PHYID High Bit Name R/W Description Default 15-0 PHYID high RO High order PHYID bits 0x0022 PHY1 Register 3 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x3): PHYID Low PHY2 Register 3 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x3): PHYID Low Bit Name R/W Description Default 15-0 PHYID low RO Low order PHYID bits 0x1430 December 2007 58 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL PHY1 Register 4 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x4): Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Ability PHY2 Register 4 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x4): Auto-Negotiation Advertisement Ability Bit Name R/W Description 15 Next page RO NOT SUPPORTED 14 Reserved RO 13 Remote fault RO 12-11 Reserved RO 10 Pause R/W Default 0 0 NOT SUPPORTED 0 00 =1, Advertise pause ability 1 =0, Do not advertise pause ability 9 Reserved R/W 8 Adv 100 Full R/W Adv 100 Half R/W 0 =1, Advertise 100 full duplex ability 1 =1, Advertise 100 half duplex ability Adv 10 Full R/W =1, Advertise 10 full duplex ability 1 Adv 10 Half R/W 4-0 Selector field RO =1, Advertise 10 half duplex ability 1 Reg. 28, bit 1 Reg. 44, bit 1 1 =0, Do not advertise 10 half duplex ability 802.3 Reg. 28, bit 2 Reg. 44, bit 2 =0, Do not advertise 10 full duplex ability 5 Reg. 28, bit 3 Reg. 44, bit 3 =0, Do not advertise 100 half duplex ability 6 Reg. 28, bit 4 Reg. 44, bit 4 =0, Do not advertise 100 full duplex ability 7 Reference Reg. 28, bit 0 Reg. 44, bit 0 00001 PHY1 Register 5 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x5): Auto-Negotiation Link Partner Ability PHY2 Register 5 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x5): Auto-Negotiation Link Partner Ability Bit Name R/W Description Default 15 Next page RO NOT SUPPORTED 0 14 LP ACK RO NOT SUPPORTED 0 13 Remote fault RO NOT SUPPORTED 0 12-11 Reserved RO 10 Pause RO Link partner pause capability 0 Reference 00 Reg. 30, bit 4 Reg. 46, bit 4 9 Reserved RO 8 Adv 100 Full RO 0 Link partner 100 full capability 0 Reg. 30, bit 3 Reg. 46, bit 3 7 Adv 100 Half RO Link partner 100 half capability 0 Reg. 30, bit 2 Reg. 46, bit 2 6 Adv 10 Full RO Link partner 10 full capability 0 Reg. 30, bit 1 5 Adv 10 Half RO Link partner 10 half capability 0 Reg. 30, bit 0 Reg. 46, bit 1 Reg. 46, bit 0 4-0 Reserved December 2007 RO 00000 59 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL PHY1 Register 29 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x1D): LinkMD Control/Status PHY2 Register 29 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x1D): LinkMD Control/Status Bit Name R/W Description Default Reference 15 Vct_enable R/W 1 = enable cable diagnostic. After VCT test has completed, this bit will be self-cleared. 0 Reg. 26, bit 4 (SC) Reg. 42, bit 4 0 = indicate cable diagnostic test (if enabled) has completed and the status information is valid for read. 14-13 Vct_result RO 00 = normal condition 00 Reg 26, bit[6:5] 01 = open condition detected in cable Reg 42, bit[6:5] 10 = short condition detected in cable 11 = cable diagnostic test has failed 12 Vct 10M Short RO 1 = Less than 10 meter short 0 Reg. 26, bit 7 Reg. 42, bit 7 11-9 Reserved RO Reserved 000 8-0 Vct_fault_count RO Distance to the fault. {0, (0x00)} It’s approximately 0.4m*vct_fault_count[8:0] {(Reg. 26, bit 0), (Reg. 27, bit[7:0])} {(Reg. 42, bit 0), (Reg. 43, bit[7:0])} PHY1 Register 31 (PHYAD = 0x1, REGAD = 0x1F): PHY Special Control/Status PHY2 Register 31 (PHYAD = 0x2, REGAD = 0x1F): PHY Special Control/Status Bit Name R/W Description Default 15-6 Reserved RO Reserved {(0x00),00} 5 Polrvs RO 1 = polarity is reversed 0 0 = polarity is not reversed 4 MDI-X status RO 3 Force_lnk R/W 1 = MDI-X 0 Reg. 30, bit 7 0 Reg. 26, bit 3 Reg. 46, bit 7 1 = Force link pass 0 = Normal Operation Pwrsave R/W Reg. 42, bit 3 0 = Enable power saving 1 1 = Disable power saving 1 Remote Loopback R/W Reg. 31, bit 5 Reg. 47, bit 5 0 = MDI 2 Reference 1 = Perform Remote loopback, as follows: Reg. 26, bit 2 Reg. 42, bit 2 0 Reg. 26, bit 1 Reg. 42, bit 1 Port 1 (reg. 26, bit 1 = ‘1’) Start: RXP1/RXM1 (port 1) Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 1’s PHY End: TXP1/TXM1 (port 1) Port 2 (reg. 42, bit 1 = ‘1’) Start: RXP2/RXM2 (port 2) Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 2’s PHY End: TXP2/TXM2 (port 2) 0 = Normal Operation 0 Reserved R/W Reserved 0 Do not change the default value. December 2007 60 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register Map: Switch & PHY (8-bit registers) Global Registers Register (Decimal) Register (Hex) Description 0-1 0x00-0x01 Chip ID Registers 2-15 0x02-0x0F Global Control Registers Register (Decimal) Register (Hex) Description 16-29 0x10-0x1D Port 1 Control Registers, including MII PHY Registers 30-31 0x1E-0x1F Port 1 Status Registers, including MII PHY Registers 32-45 0x20-0x2D Port 2 Control Registers, including MII PHY Registers 46-47 0x2E-0x2F Port 2 Status Registers, including MII PHY Registers 48-57 0x30-0x39 Port 3 Control Registers 58-62 0x3A-0x3E Reserved 63 0x3F Port 3 Status Register 64-95 0x40-0x5F Reserved Port Registers Advanced Control Registers Register (Decimal) Register (Hex) Description 96-111 0x60-0x6F TOS Priority Control Registers 112-117 0x70-0x75 Switch Engine’s MAC Address Registers 118-120 0x76-0x78 User Defined Registers 121-122 0x79-0x7A Indirect Access Control Registers 123-131 0x7B-0x83 Indirect Data Registers 132 0x84 Digital Testing Status Register 133 0x85 Digital Testing Control Register 134-137 0x86-0x89 Analog Testing Control Registers 138 0x8A Analog Testing Status Register 139 0x8B Analog Testing Control Register 140-141 0x8C-0x8D QM Debug Registers Global Registers Register 0 (0x00): Chip ID0 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Family ID RO Chip family 0x88 December 2007 61 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 1 (0x01): Chip ID1 / Start Switch Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-4 Chip ID RO 0x2 is assigned to M series. (93M) 0x2 3-1 Revision ID RO Revision ID - 0 Start Switch RW = 1, start the chip when external pins - (PS1, PS0) = (0,1) or (1,0) or (1,1). Note: In (PS1, PS0) = (0, 0) mode, the chip will start automatically after trying to read the external EEPROM. If EEPROM does not exist, the chip will use pin strapping and default values for all internal registers. If EEPROM is present, the contents in the EEPROM will be checked. The switch will check: (1) Register 0 = 0x88, (2) Register 1 bits [7:4] = 0x2. If this check is OK, the contents in the EEPROM will override chip registers’ default values. = 0, chip will not start when external pins (PS1, PS0) = (0,1) or (1,0) or (1,1). Register 2 (0x02): Global Control 0 Bit 7 Name R/W Description Default New Back-off R/W New back-off algorithm designed for UNH 0 Enable 1 = Enable 0 = Disable 6-4 Reserved R/W Reserved 100 Do not change the default value. 3 Pass Flow Control Packet R/W = 1, switch will not filter 802.1x “flow control” packets 0 2 Reserved R/W Reserved 1 Do not change the default value. 1 Reserved R/W Reserved 0 Do not change the default value. 0 Link Change Age R/W = 1, link change from “link” to “no link” will cause fast aging (<800us) to age address table faster. After an age cycle is complete, the age logic will return to normal aging (about 200 sec). 0 Note: If any port is unplugged, all addresses will be automatically aged out. December 2007 62 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 3 (0x03): Global Control 1 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 Pass All Frames R/W = 1, switch all packets including bad ones. Used solely for debugging purposes. Works in conjunction with sniffer mode only. 0 6 Reserved R/W Reserved 0 Do not change the default value. 5 IEEE 802.3x Transmit Direction Flow Control Enable R/W IEEE 802.3x Receive Direction Flow Control Enable R/W 3 Frame Length Field Check R/W 2 Aging Enable R/W 4 = 1, will enable transmit direction flow control feature. 1 = 0, will not enable transmit direction flow control feature. Switch will not generate any flow control (PAUSE) frame. = 1, will enable receive direction flow control feature. 1 = 0, will not enable receive direction flow control feature. Switch will not react to any flow control (PAUSE) frame it receives. 1 = will check frame length field in the IEEE packets. If the actual length does not match, the packet will be dropped (for Length/Type field < 1500). 0 1 = enable age function in the chip 0 0 = disable age function in the chip 1 Fast Age Enable R/W 1 = turn on fast age (800us) 0 0 Aggressive Back-off Enable R/W 1 = enable more aggressive back off algorithm in half duplex mode to enhance performance. This is not an IEEE standard. 0 Register 4 (0x04): Global Control 2 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 Unicast Port-VLAN Mismatch Discard R/W This feature is used with port-VLAN (described in reg. 17, reg. 33, …) 1 = 1, all packets can not cross VLAN boundary = 0, unicast packets (excluding unkown/multicast/ broadcast) can cross VLAN boundary Note: Port mirroring is not supported if this bit is set to “0”. 6 5 Multicast Storm Protection Disable R/W Back Pressure R/W Mode December 2007 = 1, “Broadcast Storm Protection” does not include multicast packets. Only DA = FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF packets will be regulated. 1 = 0, “Broadcast Storm Protection” includes DA = FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF and DA[40] = 1 packets. = 1, carrier sense based backpressure is selected 1 = 0, collision based backpressure is selected 63 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 4 (0x04): Global Control 2 (continued) Bit Name R/W Description Default 4 Flow Control and Back Pressure Fair Mode R/W = 1, fair mode is selected. In this mode, if a flow control port and a non-flow control port talk to the same destination port, packets from the non-flow control port may be dropped. This is to prevent the flow control port from being flow controlled for an extended period of time. 1 = 0, in this mode, if a flow control port and a non-flow control port talk to the same destination port, the flow control port will be flow controlled. This may not be “fair” to the flow control port. 3 No Excessive Collision Drop R/W = 1, the switch will not drop packets when 16 or more collisions occur. 0 = 0, the switch will drop packets when 16 or more collisions occur. 2 Huge Packet Support R/W = 1, will accept packet sizes up to 1916 bytes (inclusive). This bit setting will override setting from bit 1 of this register. 0 = 0, the max packet size will be determined by bit 1 of this register. 1 0 Legal Maximum Packet Size Check Enable R/W Priority Buffer Reserve R/W = 0, will accept packet sizes up to 1536 bytes (inclusive). = 1, 1522 bytes for tagged packets, 1518 bytes for untagged packets. Any packets larger than the specified value will be dropped. = 1, each port is pre-allocated 48 buffers for high priority (q3, q2, and q1) packets. This selection is effective only when the multiple queue feature is turned on. It is recommended to enable this bit for multiple queue. SMRXD0 (pin 85) value during reset 1 = 0, no reserved buffers for high priority packets. Each port is pre-allocated 48 buffers for all priority packets (q3, q2,q1, and q0). Register 5 (0x05): Global Control 3 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 802.1Q VLAN Enable R/W = 1, 802.1Q VLAN mode is turned on. VLAN table needs to set up before the operation. 0 6 IGMP Snoop Enable on Switch MII Interface R/W IPv6 MLD Snooping Enable R/W IPv6 MLD Snooping Option R/W = 0, 802.1Q VLAN is disabled. 5 4 December 2007 =1, IGMP snoop is enabled. All IGMP packets will be forwarded to the Switch MII port. 0 =0, IGMP snoop is disabled. IPv6 MLD snooping 0 1 = enable 0 = disable IPv6 MLD snooping option 0 1 = enable 0 = disable 64 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 5 (0x05): Global Control 3 (continued) Bit Name R/W Description Default 3 Weighted Fair Queue Enable R/W 0 = always transmit higher priority packets first 0 Reserved R/W 2-1 1 = Weighted Fair Queueing enabled. When all four queues have packets waiting to transmit, the bandwidth allocation is q3:q2:q1:q0 = 8:4:2:1. If any queues are empty, the highest non-empty queue gets one more weighting. For example, if q2 is empty, q3:q2:q1:q0 becomes (8+1):0:2:1. Reserved 00 Do not change the default values. 0 Sniff Mode Select R/W = 1, will do RX AND TX sniff (both source port and destination port need to match) 0 = 0, will do RX OR TX sniff (either source port or destination port needs to match). This is the mode used to implement RX only sniff. Register 6 (0x06): Global Control 4 Bit Name R/W 7 Repeater Mode R/W Description Default =1, enable repeater mode 0 =0, disable repeater mode Note: For repeater mode, all ports need to be set to 100BASE-TX and half duplex mode. PHY ports need to have auto-negotiation disabled. 6 Switch MII Half Duplex Mode R/W = 1, enable MII interface half-duplex mode. = 0, enable MII interface full-duplex mode. Pin SMRXD2 strap option. Pull-down(0): Full-duplex mode Pull-up(1): Half-duplex mode Note: SMRXD2 has internal pulldown. 5 Switch MII Flow Control Enable R/W = 1, enable full duplex flow control on Switch MII interface. Pin SMRXD3 strap option. = 0, disable full duplex flow control on Switch MII interface. Pull-down(0): Disable flow control Pull- up(1): Enable flow control Note: SMRXD3 has internal pulldown. December 2007 65 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 6 (0x06): Global Control 4 (continued) Bit Name R/W 4 Switch MII 10BT R/W Description Default = 1, the switch interface is in 10Mbps mode Pin SMRXD1 strap option. = 0, the switch interface is in 100Mbps mode Pull-down(0): Enable 100Mbps Pull-up(1): Enable 10Mbps Note: SMRXD1 has internal pulldown. 3 Null VID Replacement Broadcast Storm Protection (1) Rate Bit [10:8] 2-0 R/W R/W = 1, will replace NULL VID with port VID (12 bits) 0 = 0, no replacement for NULL VID This register along with the next register determines how many “64 byte blocks” of packet data are allowed on an input port in a preset period. The period is 67ms for 100BT or 500ms for 10BT. The default is 1%. 000 Register 7 (0x07): Global Control 5 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Broadcast Storm Protection (1) Rate R/W This register along with the previous register determines how many “64 byte blocks” of packet data are allowed on an input port in a preset period. The period is 67ms for 100BT or 500ms for 10BT. The default is 1%. 0x63 Bit [7:0] Note: (1) 100BT Rate: 148,800 frames/sec * 67 ms/interval * 1% = 99 frames/interval (approx.) = 0x63 Register 8 (0x08): Global Control 6 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Factory Testing R/W Reserved 0x00 Do not change the default values. Register 9 (0x09): Global Control 7 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Factory Testing R/W Reserved 0x24 Do not change the default values. Register 10 (0x0A): Global Control 8 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Factory Testing R/W Reserved 0x35 December 2007 Do not change the default values. 66 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 11 (0x0B): Global Control 9 Bit Name R/W 7 LEDSEL1 R/W Description Default LED mode select LEDSEL1 (pin 23) value during reset See description in bit 1 of this register. 6-5 Reserved R/W Reserved 00 Do not change the default values. 4 Reserved R/W Testing mode. 3-2 Reserved R/W 0 Reserved Set to ‘0’ for normal operation. 10 Do not change the default values. 1 LEDSEL0 R/W LED mode select This bit and bit 7 of this register select the LED mode. For LED definitions, see pins 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Pin Description and I/O Assignment listing. LEDSEL0 (pin 70) value during reset Notes: LEDSEL1 is also external strap-in pin #23. LEDSEL0 is also external strap-in pin #70. 0 Special TPID mode R/W Used for direct mode forwarding from port 3. See description in spanning tree functional description. 0 0 = disable 1 = enable Register 12 (0x0C): Global Control 10 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 Tag_0x3 R/W IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p tag has a value of 0x3. 01 5-4 Tag_0x2 R/W IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p tag has a value of 0x2. 01 3-2 Tag_0x1 R/W IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p tag has a value of 0x1. 00 1-0 Tag_0x0 R/W IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p tag has a value of 0x0. 00 December 2007 67 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 13 (0x0D): Global Control 11 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 Tag_0x7 R/W IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p tag has a value of 0x7. 11 5-4 Tag_0x6 R/W IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p tag has a value of 0x6. 11 3-2 Tag_0x5 R/W IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p tag has a value of 0x5. 10 1-0 Tag_0x4 R/W IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p tag has a value of 0x4. 10 Register 14 (0x0E): Global Control 12 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 Unknown Packet Default Port Enable R/W Send packets with unknown destination MAC addresses to specified port(s) in bits [2:0] of this register. 0 Reserved R/W 6-3 0 = disable 1 = enable Reserved 0x0 Do not change the default values. 2-0 Unknown Packet Default Port R/W Specify which port(s) to send packets with unknown destination MAC addresses. This feature is enabled by bit [7] of this register. Bit 2 stands for port 3. Bit 1 stands for port 2. Bit 0 stands for port 1. 111 An ‘1’ includes a port. An ‘0’ excludes a port. Register 15 (0x0F): Global Control 13 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-3 PHY Address R/W 00000 00001 00010 … 11101 11110 11111 00001 : N/A : Port 1 PHY address is 0x1 : Port 1 PHY address is 0x2 : Port 1 PHY address is 0x29 : N/A : N/A Note: Port 2 PHY address = (Port 1 PHY address) + 1 2-0 Reserved RO Reserved 000 Do not change the default values. Port Registers The following registers are used to enable features that are assigned on a per port basis. The register bit December 2007 68 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL assignments are the same for all ports, but the address for each port is different, as indicated. Register 16 (0x10): Port 1 Control 0 Register 32 (0x20): Port 2 Control 0 Register 48 (0x30): Port 3 Control 0 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 Broadcast Storm Protection Enable DiffServ Priority Classification Enable 802.1p Priority Classification Enable R/W = 1, enable broadcast storm protection for ingress packets on port = 0, disable broadcast storm protection 0 R/W = 1, enable DiffServ priority classification for ingress packets (IPv4 and IPv6) on port = 0, disable DiffServ function 0 R/W = 1, enable 802.1p priority classification for ingress packets on port = 0, disable 802.1p 0 Port-based Priority Classification R/W = 00, ingress packets on port will be classified as priority 0 queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p” classification is not enabled or fails to classify. = 01, ingress packets on port will be classified as priority 1 queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p” classification is not enabled or fails to classify. = 10, ingress packets on port will be classified as priority 2 queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p” classification is not enabled or fails to classify. 00 6 5 4-3 = 11, ingress packets on port will be classified as priority 3 queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p” classification is not enabled or fails to classify. Note: “DiffServ”, “802.1p” and port priority can be enabled at the same time. The OR’ed result of 802.1p and DSCP overwrites the port priority. = 1, when packets are output on the port, the switch will add 802.1p/q tags to packets without 802.1p/q tags when received. The switch will not add tags to packets already tagged. The tag inserted is the ingress port’s “port VID”. = 0, disable tag insertion 2 Tag Insertion R/W 1 Tag Removal R/W = 1, when packets are output on the port, the switch will remove 802.1p/q tags from packets with 802.1p/q tags when received. The switch will not modify packets received without tags. = 0, disable tag removal 0 0 TX Multiple Queues Select Enable R/W = 1, the port output queue is split into four priority queues. = 0, single output queue on the port. There is no priority differentiation even though packets are classified into high or low priority. 0 December 2007 69 0 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 17 (0x11): Port 1 Control 1 Register 33 (0x21): Port 2 Control 1 Register 49 (0x31): Port 3 Control 1 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 Sniffer Port R/W = 1, Port is designated as sniffer port and will transmit packets that are monitored. 0 = 0, Port is a normal port 6 Receive Sniff R/W = 1, All packets received on the port will be marked as “monitored packets” and forwarded to the designated “sniffer port” 0 = 0, no receive monitoring 5 Transmit Sniff R/W = 1, All packets transmitted on the port will be marked as “monitored packets” and forwarded to the designated “sniffer port” 0 = 0, no transmit monitoring 4 Double Tag R/W = 1, All packets will be tagged with port default tag of ingress port regardless of the original packets are tagged or not 0 = 0, do not double tagged on all packets 3 User Priority Ceiling R/W = 1, if the packet’s “user priority field” is greater than the “user priority field” in the port default tag register, replace the packet’s “user priority field” with the “user priority field” in the port default tag register. 0 = 0, do not compare and replace the packet’s ‘user priority field” 2-0 Port VLAN membership R/W Define the port’s egress port VLAN membership. The port can only communicate within the membership. Bit 2 stands for port 3, bit 1 stands for port 2, bit 0 stands for port 1. 111 An ‘1’ includes a port in the membership. An ‘0’ excludes a port from membership. December 2007 70 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 18 (0x12): Port 1 Control 2 Register 34 (0x22): Port 2 Control 2 Register 50 (0x32): Port 3 Control 2 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 Reserved R/W Reserved 0 Do not change the default value. 6 Ingress VLAN Filtering R/W = 1, the switch will discard packets whose VID port membership in VLAN table bits [18:16] does not include the ingress port. 0 = 0, no ingress VLAN filtering. 5 Discard non PVID Packets R/W = 1, the switch will discard packets whose VID does not match ingress port default VID. 0 = 0, no packets will be discarded 4 Force Flow Control R/W = 1, will always enable full duplex flow control on the port, regardless of AN result. Pin value during reset: = 0, full duplex flow control is enabled based on AN result. For port 1, P1FFC pin For port 2, P2FFC pin For port 3, this bit has no meaning. Flow control is set by Reg. 6, bit 5. 3 2 1 0 Back Pressure Enable R/W Transmit Enable R/W Receive Enable R/W Learning Disable R/W = 1, enable port’s half duplex back pressure 0 = 0, disable port’s half duplex back pressure = 1, enable packet transmission on the port 1 = 0, disable packet transmission on the port = 1, enable packet reception on the port 1 = 0, disable packet reception on the port = 1, disable switch address learning capability 0 = 0, enable switch address learning Note: Bits [2:0] are used for spanning tree support. December 2007 71 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 19 (0x13): Port 1 Control 3 Register 35 (0x23): Port 2 Control 3 Register 51 (0x33): Port 3 Control 3 Bit 7-0 Name R/W Description Default Default Tag R/W Port’s default tag, containing 0x00 [15:8] 7-5 : User priority bits 4 : CFI bit 3-0 : VID[11:8] Register 20 (0x14): Port 1 Control 4 Register 36 (0x24): Port 2 Control 4 Register 52 (0x34): Port 3 Control 4 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Default Tag R/W Port’s default tag, containing 0x01 [7:0] 7-0 : VID[7:0] Note: Registers 19 and 20 (and those corresponding to other ports) serve two purposes: 1. Associated with the ingress untagged packets, and used for egress tagging. 2. Default VID for the ingress untagged or null-VID-tagged packets, and used for address lookup. Register 21 (0x15): Port 1 Control 5 Register 37 (0x25): Port 2 Control 5 Register 53 (0x35): Port 3 Control 5 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-4 Reserved R/W Reserved 0x0 Do not change the default values. 3-2 Limit Mode R/W 00 Ingress Limit Mode These bits determine what kinds of frames are limited and counted against ingress rate limiting. = 00, limit and count all frames = 01, limit and count Broadcast, Multicast, and flooded unicast frames = 10, limit and count Broadcast and Multicast frames only = 11, limit and count Broadcast frames only 1 Count IFG R/W 0 Count IFG bytes = 1, each frame’s minimum inter frame gap (IFG) bytes (12 per frame) are included in Ingress and Egress rate limiting calculations. = 0, IFG bytes are not counted. 0 Count Pre R/W Count Preamble bytes 0 = 1, each frame’s preamble bytes (8 per frame) are included in Ingress and Egress rate limiting calculations. = 0, preamble bytes are not counted. December 2007 72 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 22 (0x16): Port 1 Control 6 Register 38 (0x26): Port 2 Control 6 Register 54 (0x36): Port 3 Control 6 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-4 Ingress Pri1 Rate R/W Ingress data rate limit for priority 1 frames 0x0 Ingress traffic from this priority queue is shaped according to the ingress rate selected below: 0000 = Not limited (Default) 0001 = 64 Kbps 0010 = 128 Kbps 0011 = 256 Kbps 0100 = 512 Kbps 0101 = 1 Mbps 0110 = 2 Mbps 0111 = 4 Mbps 1000 = 8 Mbps 1001 = 16 Mbps 1010 = 32 Mbps 1011 = 48 Mbps 1100 = 64 Mbps 1101 = 72 Mbps 1110 = 80 Mbps 1111 = 88 Mbps Note: For 10BT, rate settings above 10Mbps are set to the default value 0000 (Not limited). 3-0 Ingress Pri0 Rate R/W Ingress data rate limit for priority 0 frames 0x0 Ingress traffic from this priority queue is shaped according to the ingress rate selected below: 0000 = Not limited (Default) 0001 = 64 Kbps 0010 = 128 Kbps 0011 = 256 Kbps 0100 = 512 Kbps 0101 = 1 Mbps 0110 = 2 Mbps 0111 = 4 Mbps 1000 = 8 Mbps 1001 = 16 Mbps 1010 = 32 Mbps 1011 = 48 Mbps 1100 = 64 Mbps 1101 = 72 Mbps 1110 = 80 Mbps 1111 = 88 Mbps Note: For 10BT, rate settings above 10Mbps are set to the default value 0000 (Not limited). December 2007 73 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 23 (0x17): Port 1 Control 7 Register 39 (0x27): Port 2 Control 7 Register 55 (0x37): Port 3 Control 7 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-4 Ingress Pri3 Rate R/W Ingress data rate limit for priority 3 frames 0x0 Ingress traffic from this priority queue is shaped according to the ingress rate selected below: 0000 = Not limited (Default) 0001 = 64 Kbps 0010 = 128 Kbps 0011 = 256 Kbps 0100 = 512 Kbps 0101 = 1 Mbps 0110 = 2 Mbps 0111 = 4 Mbps 1000 = 8 Mbps 1001 = 16 Mbps 1010 = 32 Mbps 1011 = 48 Mbps 1100 = 64 Mbps 1101 = 72 Mbps 1110 = 80 Mbps 1111 = 88 Mbps Note: For 10BT, rate settings above 10Mbps are set to the default value 0000 (Not limited). 3-0 Ingress Pri2 Rate R/W Ingress data rate limit for priority 2 frames 0x0 Ingress traffic from this priority queue is shaped according to the ingress rate selected below: 0000 = Not limited (Default) 0001 = 64 Kbps 0010 = 128 Kbps 0011 = 256 Kbps 0100 = 512 Kbps 0101 = 1 Mbps 0110 = 2 Mbps 0111 = 4 Mbps 1000 = 8 Mbps 1001 = 16 Mbps 1010 = 32 Mbps 1011 = 48 Mbps 1100 = 64 Mbps 1101 = 72 Mbps 1110 = 80 Mbps 1111 = 88 Mbps Note: For 10BT, rate settings above 10Mbps are set to the default value 0000 (Not limited). December 2007 74 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 24 (0x18): Port 1 Control 8 Register 40 (0x28): Port 2 Control 8 Register 56 (0x38): Port 3 Control 8 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-4 Egress Pri1 Rate R/W Egress data rate limit for priority 1 frames 0x0 Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped according to the egress rate selected below: 0000 = Not limited (Default) 0001 = 64 Kbps 0010 = 128 Kbps 0011 = 256 Kbps 0100 = 512 Kbps 0101 = 1 Mbps 0110 = 2 Mbps 0111 = 4 Mbps 1000 = 8 Mbps 1001 = 16 Mbps 1010 = 32 Mbps 1011 = 48 Mbps 1100 = 64 Mbps 1101 = 72 Mbps 1110 = 80 Mbps 1111 = 88 Mbps Note: For 10BT, rate settings above 10Mbps are set to the default value 0000 (Not limited). When TX multiple queue select enable is off (only 1 queue per port), rate limiting applies only to priority 0 queue. 3-0 Egress Pri0 Rate R/W Egress data rate limit for priority 0 frames. 0x0 Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped according to the egress rate selected below: 0000 = Not limited (Default) 0001 = 64 Kbps 0010 = 128 Kbps 0011 = 256 Kbps 0100 = 512 Kbps 0101 = 1 Mbps 0110 = 2 Mbps 0111 = 4 Mbps 1000 = 8 Mbps 1001 = 16 Mbps 1010 = 32 Mbps 1011 = 48 Mbps 1100 = 64 Mbps 1101 = 72 Mbps 1110 = 80 Mbps 1111 = 88 Mbps Note: For 10BT, rate settings above 10Mbps are set to the default value 0000 (Not limited). When TX multiple queue select enable is off (only 1 queue per port), rate limiting applies only to priority 0 queue. December 2007 75 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 25 (0x19): Port 1 Control 9 Register 41 (0x29): Port 2 Control 9 Register 57 (0x39): Port 3 Control 9 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-4 Egress Pri3 Rate R/W Egress data rate limit for priority 3 frames 0x0 Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped according to the egress rate selected below: 0000 = Not limited (Default) 0001 = 64 Kbps 0010 = 128 Kbps 0011 = 256 Kbps 0100 = 512 Kbps 0101 = 1 Mbps 0110 = 2 Mbps 0111 = 4 Mbps 1000 = 8 Mbps 1001 = 16 Mbps 1010 = 32 Mbps 1011 = 48 Mbps 1100 = 64 Mbps 1101 = 72 Mbps 1110 = 80 Mbps 1111 = 88 Mbps Note: For 10BT, rate settings above 10Mbps are set to the default value 0000 (Not limited). When TX multiple queue select enable is off (only 1 queue per port), rate limiting applies only to priority 0 queue. 3-0 Egress Pri2 Rate R/W Egress data rate limit for priority 2 frames 0x0 Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped according to the egress rate selected below: 0000 = Not limited (Default) 0001 = 64 Kbps 0010 = 128 Kbps 0011 = 256 Kbps 0100 = 512 Kbps 0101 = 1 Mbps 0110 = 2 Mbps 0111 = 4 Mbps 1000 = 8 Mbps 1001 = 16 Mbps 1010 = 32 Mbps 1011 = 48 Mbps 1100 = 64 Mbps 1101 = 72 Mbps 1110 = 80 Mbps 1111 = 88 Mbps Note: For 10BT, rate settings above 10Mbps are set to the default value 0000 (Not limited). When TX multiple queue select enable is off (only 1 queue per port), rate limiting applies only to priority 0 queue. December 2007 76 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Note: Most of the contents in registers 26-31 and registers 42-47 for ports 1 and 2, respectively, can also be accessed with the MIIM PHY registers. Register 26 (0x1A): Port 1 PHY Special Control/Status Register 42 (0x2A): Port 2 PHY Special Control/Status Register 58 (0x3A): Reserved, not applied to port 3 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 Vct 10M Short RO 1 = Less than 10 meter short 0 6-5 Vct_result RO 00 = normal condition 00 01 = open condition detected in cable 10 = short condition detected in cable 11 = cable diagnostic test has failed 4 Vct_en R/W (SC) = 1, enable cable diagnostic test. After VCT test has completed, this bit will be self-cleared. 0 = 0, indicate cable diagnostic test (if enabled) has completed and the status information is valid for read. 3 Force_lnk R/W 1 = Force link pass 0 0 = Normal Operation 2 Pwrsave R/W 1 Remote Loopback R/W 0 = Enable power saving 1 1 = Disable power saving 1 = Perform Remote loopback, as follows: 0 Port 1 (reg. 26, bit 1 = ‘1’) Start: RXP1/RXM1 (port 1) Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 1’s PHY End: TXP1/TXM1 (port 1) Port 2 (reg. 42, bit 1 = ‘1’) Start: RXP2/RXM2 (port 2) Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 2’s PHY End: TXP2/TXM2 (port 2) 0 = Normal Operation 0 Vct_fault_count[8] RO Bit[8] of VCT fault count 0 Distance to the fault. It’s approximately 0.4m*vct_fault_count[8:0] Register 27 (0x1B): Port 1 LinkMD Result Register 43 (0x2B): Port 2 LinkMD Result Register 59 (0x3B): Reserved, not applied to port 3 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Vct_fault_count[7 :0] RO Bits[7:0] of VCT fault count 0x00 Distance to the fault. It’s approximately 0.4m*Vct_fault_count[8:0] December 2007 77 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 28 (0x1C): Port 1 Control 12 Register 44 (0x2C): Port 2 Control 12 Register 60 (0x3C): Reserved, not applied to port 3 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 Auto Negotiation Enable R/W = 0, disable auto negotiation; speed and duplex are determined by bits 6 and 5 of this register. For port 1, P1ANEN pin value during reset. = 1, auto negotiation is on For port 2, P2ANEN pin value during reset Force Speed R/W = 1, forced 100BT if AN is disabled (bit 7) For port 1, P1SPD pin value during reset. 6 = 0, forced 10BT if AN is disabled (bit 7) For port 2, P2SPD pin value during reset. 5 3 2 1 0 R/W Advertise Flow Control capability R/W Advertise 100BT Full Duplex Capability R/W Advertise 100BT Half Duplex Capability R/W Advertise 10BT Full Duplex Capability R/W Advertise 10BT Half Duplex Capability R/W December 2007 = 1, forced full duplex if (1) AN is disabled or (2) AN is enabled but failed. For port 1, P1DPX pin value during reset. = 0, forced half duplex if (1) AN is disabled or (2) AN is enabled but failed. 4 Force Duplex For port 2, P2DPX pin value during reset. = 1, advertise flow control (pause) capability ADVFC pin value during reset. = 0, suppress flow control (pause) capability from transmission to link partner = 1, advertise 100BT full duplex capability 1 = 0, suppress 100BT full duplex capability from transmission to link partner = 1, advertise 100BT half duplex capability 1 = 0, suppress 100BT half duplex capability from transmission to link partner = 1, advertise 10BT full duplex capability 1 = 0, suppress 10BT full duplex capability from transmission to link partner = 1, advertise 10BT half duplex capability 1 = 0, suppress 10BT half duplex capability from transmission to link partner 78 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 29 (0x1D): Port 1 Control 13 Register 45 (0x2D): Port 2 Control 13 Register 61 (0x3D): Reserved, not applied to port 3 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 LED Off R/W = 1, turn off all port’s LEDs (LEDx_3, LEDx_2, LEDx_1, LEDx_0, where “x” is the port number). These pins will be driven high if this bit is set to one. 0 6 Txdis R/W = 1, disable the port’s transmitter = 0, normal operation 0 = 0, normal operation 5 Restart AN R/W = 1, restart auto-negotiation 0 = 0, normal operation 4 Disable Farend Fault R/W = 1, disable far-end fault detection and pattern transmission. = 0, enable far-end fault detection and pattern transmission 3 Power Down R/W = 1, power down 0 Note: Only port 1 supports fiber. This bit is applicable to port 1 only. 0 = 0, normal operation 2 R/W Force MDI R/W = 1, disable auto MDI/MDI-X function 0 = 0, enable auto MDI/MDI-X function For port 2, P2MDIXDIS pin value during reset. If auto MDI/MDI-X is disabled, 0 = 1, force PHY into MDI mode (transmit on RXP/RXM pins) 1 Disable Auto MDI/MDI-X For port 2, P2MDIX pin value during reset. = 0, force PHY into MDI-X mode (transmit on 0 Loopback R/W TXP/TXM pins) = 1, perform loopback, as indicated: 0 Port 1 Loopback (reg. 29, bit 0 = ‘1’) Start: RXP2/RXM2 (port 2) Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 1’s PHY End: TXP2/TXM2 (port 2) Port 2 Loopback (reg. 45, bit 0 = ‘1’) Start: RXP1/RXM1 (port 1) Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 2’s PHY End: TXP1/TXM1 (port 1) = 0, normal operation December 2007 79 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 30 (0x1E): Port 1 Status 0 Register 46 (0x2E): Port 2 Status 0 Register 62 (0x3E): Reserved, not applied to port 3 Bit R/W 7 Name MDI-X Status 6 AN Done RO 5 Link Good RO 4 Partner Flow Control Capability Partner 100BT Full Duplex Capability Partner 100BT Half Duplex Capability Partner 10BT Full Duplex Capability Partner 10BT Half Duplex Capability RO 3 2 1 0 Description = 1, MDI-X = 0, MDI = 1, auto-negotiation completed = 0, auto-negotiation not completed = 1, link good = 0, link not good = 1, link partner flow control (pause) capable = 0, link partner not flow control (pause) capable Default RO = 1, link partner 100BT full duplex capable = 0, link partner not 100BT full duplex capable 0 RO = 1, link partner 100BT half duplex capable = 0, link partner not 100BT half duplex capable 0 RO = 1, link partner 10BT full duplex capable = 0, link partner not 10BT full duplex capable 0 RO = 1, link partner 10BT half duplex capable = 0, link partner not 10BT half duplex capable 0 RO 0 0 0 0 Register 31 (0x1F): Port 1 Status 1 Register 47 (0x2F): Port 2 Status 1 Register 63 (0x3F): Port 3 Status 1 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 Hp_mdix R/W 1 = HP Auto MDI/MDI-X mode 0 = Micrel Auto MDI/MDI-X mode 1 Note: Only ports 1 and 2 are PHY ports. This bit is not applicable to port 3 (MII). 6 Reserved RO 0 5 Polrvs RO Reserved Do not change the default value. 1 = polarity is reversed 0 = polarity is not reversed 4 Transmit Flow Control Enable RO 0 3 Receive Flow Control Enable RO 1 = transmit flow control feature is active 0 = transmit flow control feature is inactive 1 = receive flow control feature is active 0 = receive flow control feature is inactive December 2007 80 0 Note: Only ports 1 and 2 are PHY ports. This bit is not applicable to port 3 (MII). 0 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 31 (0x1F): Port 1 Status 1 (continued) Register 47 (0x2F): Port 2 Status 1 (continued) Register 63 (0x3F): Port 3 Status 1 (continued) Bit Name R/W 2 Operation Speed RO 1 Operation Duplex RO 0 Far-end Fault RO Description Default 1 = link speed is 100Mbps 0 0 = link speed is 10Mbps 1 = link duplex is full 0 0 = link duplex is half = 1, Far-end fault status detected 0 = 0, no Far-end fault status detected Note: Only port 1 supports fiber. This bit is applicable to port 1 only. Advanced Control Registers The IPv4/IPv6 TOS Priority Control Registers implement a fully decoded, 128-bit DSCP (Differentiated Services Code Point) register set that is used to determine priority from the ToS (Type of Service) field in the IP header. The most significant 6 bits of the ToS field are fully decoded into 64 possibilities, and the singular code that results is compared against the corresponding bits in the DSCP register to determine the priority. Register 96 (0x60): TOS Priority Control Register 0 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[7:6] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x0C. 00 5-4 DSCP[5:4] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x08. 00 3-2 DSCP[3:2] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x04. 00 1-0 DSCP[1:0] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x00. 00 December 2007 81 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 97 (0x61): TOS Priority Control Register 1 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[15:14] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x1C. 00 5-4 DSCP[13:12] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x18. 00 3-2 DSCP[11:10] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x14. 00 1-0 DSCP[9:8] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x10. 00 Register 98 (0x62): TOS Priority Control Register 2 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[23:22] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x2C. 00 5-4 DSCP[21:20] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x28. 00 3-2 DSCP[19:18] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x24. 00 1-0 DSCP[17:16] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x20. 00 December 2007 82 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 99 (0x63): TOS Priority Control Register 3 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[31:30] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x3C. 00 5-4 DSCP[29:28] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x38. 00 3-2 DSCP[27:26] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x34. 00 1-0 DSCP[25:24] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x30. 00 Register 100 (0x64): TOS Priority Control Register 4 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[39:38] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x4C. 00 5-4 DSCP[37:36] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x48. 00 3-2 DSCP[35:34] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x44. 00 1-0 DSCP[33:32] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x40. 00 December 2007 83 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 101 (0x65): TOS Priority Control Register 5 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[47:46] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x5C. 00 5-4 DSCP[45:44] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x58. 00 3-2 DSCP[43:42] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x54. 00 1-0 DSCP[41:40] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x50. 00 Register 102 (0x66): TOS Priority Control Register 6 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[55:54] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x6C. 00 5-4 DSCP[53:52] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x68. 00 3-2 DSCP[51:50] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x64. 00 1-0 DSCP[49:48] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x60. 00 December 2007 84 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 103 (0x67): TOS Priority Control Register 7 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[63:62] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x7C. 00 5-4 DSCP[61:60] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x78. 00 3-2 DSCP[59:58] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x74. 00 1-0 DSCP[57:56] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x70. 00 Register 104 (0x68): TOS Priority Control Register 8 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[71:70] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x8C. 00 5-4 DSCP[69:68] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x88. 00 3-2 DSCP[67:66] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x84. 00 1-0 DSCP[65:64] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x80. 00 December 2007 85 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 105 (0x69): TOS Priority Control Register 9 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[79:78] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x9C. 00 5-4 DSCP[77:76] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x98. 00 3-2 DSCP[75:74] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x94. 00 1-0 DSCP[73:72] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x90. 00 Register 106 (0x6A): TOS Priority Control Register 10 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[87:86] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xAC. 00 5-4 DSCP[85:84] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xA8. 00 3-2 DSCP[83:82] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xA4. 00 1-0 DSCP[81:80] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xA0. 00 December 2007 86 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 107 (0x6B): TOS Priority Control Register 11 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[95:94] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xBC. 00 5-4 DSCP[93:92] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xB8. 00 3-2 DSCP[91:90] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xB4. 00 1-0 DSCP[89:88] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xB0. 00 Register 108 (0x6C): TOS Priority Control Register 12 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[103:102] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xCC. 00 5-4 DSCP[101:100] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xC8. 00 3-2 DSCP[99:98] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xC4. 00 1-0 DSCP[97:96] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xC0. 00 December 2007 87 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 109 (0x6D): TOS Priority Control Register 13 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[111:110] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xDC. 00 5-4 DSCP[109:108] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xD8. 00 3-2 DSCP[107:106] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xD4. 00 1-0 DSCP[105:104] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xD0. 00 Register 110 (0x6E): TOS Priority Control Register 14 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[119:118] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xEC. 00 5-4 DSCP[117:116] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xE8. 00 3-2 DSCP[115:114] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xE4. 00 1-0 DSCP[113:112] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xE0. 00 December 2007 88 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 111 (0x6F): TOS Priority Control Register 15 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-6 DSCP[127:126] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xFC. 00 5-4 DSCP[125:124] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xF8. 00 3-2 DSCP[123:122] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xF4. 00 1-0 DSCP[121:120] R/W The value in this field is used as the frame’s priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0xF0. 00 Registers 112 to 117 Registers 112 to 117 contain the switch engine’s MAC address. This 48-bit address is used as the Source Address for the MAC’s full duplex flow control (PAUSE) frame. Register 112 (0x70): MAC Address Register 0 Bit Name R/W 7-0 MACA[47:40] Description Default R/W 0x00 Register 113 (0x71): MAC Address Register 1 Bit Name R/W 7-0 MACA[39:32] Description Default R/W 0x10 Register 114 (0x72): MAC Address Register 2 Bit Name R/W 7-0 MACA[31:24] Description Default R/W 0xA1 Register 115 (0x73): MAC Address Register 3 Bit Name R/W 7-0 MACA[23:16] Description Default R/W 0xFF Register 116 (0x74): MAC Address Register 4 Bit Name R/W 7-0 MACA[15:8] Description Default R/W 0xFF Register 117 (0x75): MAC Address Register 5 Bit Name R/W 7-0 MACA[7:0] R/W December 2007 Description Default 0xFF 89 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Registers 118 to 120 Registers 118 to 120 are User Defined Registers (UDRs). These are general purpose read/write registers that can be used to pass user defined control and status information between the KSZ8893MQL/MBL and the external processor. Register 118 (0x76): User Defined Register 1 Bit Name R/W 7-0 UDR1 Description Default R/W 0x00 Register 119 (0x77): User Defined Register 2 Bit Name R/W 7-0 UDR2 R/W Description Default 0x00 Register 120 (0x78): User Defined Register 3 Bit Name R/W 7-0 UDR3 Description Default R/W 0x00 Registers 121 to 131 Registers 121 to 131 provide read and write access to the static MAC address table, VLAN table, dynamic MAC address table, and MIB counters. Register 121 (0x79): Indirect Access Control 0 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-5 Reserved R/W 000 4 Read High / Write Low R/W 3-2 Table Select R/W 1-0 Indirect Address High R/W Reserved Do not change the default values. = 1, read cycle = 0, write cycle 00 = static MAC address table selected 01 = VLAN table selected 10 = dynamic MAC address table selected 11 = MIB counter selected Bits [9:8] of indirect address 0 00 00 Register 122 (0x7A): Indirect Access Control 1 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Indirect Address Low R/W Bits [7:0] of indirect address 0000_0000 Note: A write to register 122 triggers the read/write command. Read or write access is determined by register 121 bit 4. Register 123 (0x7B): Indirect Data Register 8 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7 CPU Read Status RO 0 6-3 Reserved RO This bit is applicable only for dynamic MAC address table and MIB counter reads. = 1, read is still in progress = 0, read has completed Reserved 0000 2-0 Indirect Data [66:64] RO Bits [66:64] of indirect data 000 December 2007 90 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 124 (0x7C): Indirect Data Register 7 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Indirect Data [63:56] R/W Bits [63:56] of indirect data 0000_0000 Register 125 (0x7D): Indirect Data Register 6 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Indirect Data [55:48] R/W Bits [55:48] of indirect data 0000_0000 Register 126 (0x7E): Indirect Data Register 5 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Indirect Data [47:40] R/W Bits [47:40] of indirect data 0000_0000 Register 127 (0x7F): Indirect Data Register 4 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Indirect Data [39:32] R/W Bits [39:32] of indirect data 0000_0000 Register 128 (0x80): Indirect Data Register 3 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Indirect Data [31:24] R/W Bits [31:24] of indirect data 0000_0000 Register 129 (0x81): Indirect Data Register 2 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Indirect Data [23:16] R/W Bits [23:16] of indirect data 0000_0000 Register 130 (0x82): Indirect Data Register 1 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Indirect Data [15:8] R/W Bits [15:8] of indirect data 0000_0000 Register 131 (0x83): Indirect Data Register 0 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Indirect Data [7:0] R/W Bits [7:0] of indirect data 0000_0000 Registers 132 to 141 Reserved registers 132 to 141 are used by Micrel for internal testing only. Do not change the values of these registers. Register 132 (0x84): Digital Testing Status 0 Bit Name 7-3 Reserved 2-0 Om_split Status December 2007 R/W Description Default RO Factory testing 00000 RO Factory testing 000 91 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Register 133 (0x85): Digital Testing Control 0 Bit Name R/W 7-0 Reserved R/W Description Default Factory testing 0x3F Dbg[7:0] Register 134 (0x86): Analog Testing Control 0 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Reserved R/W Factory testing 0x00 (dgt_actl0) Register 135 (0x87): Analog Testing Control 1 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Reserved R/W Factory testing 0x00 (dgt_actl1) Register 136 (0x88): Analog Testing Control 2 Bit Name R/W 7-0 Reserved R/W Description Default Factory testing 0x00 (dgt_actl2) Register 137 (0x89): Analog Testing Control 3 Bit Name R/W 7-0 Reserved R/W Description Default Factory testing 0x00 (dgt_actl3) Register 138 (0x8A): Analog Testing Status Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Reserved RO Factory testing 0x00 Register 139 (0x8B): Analog Testing Control 4 Bit Name R/W 7-0 Reserved R/W Description Default Factory testing 0x40 (dgt_actl4) Register 140 (0x8C): QM Debug 1 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-0 Reserved RO Factory testing 0x00 QM_Debug bit[7:0] Register 141 (0x8D): QM Debug 2 Bit Name R/W Description Default 7-1 Reserved RO Reserved 0000_000 Do not change the default values. 0 Reserved RO Factory testing 0 QM_Debug bit[8] December 2007 92 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Static MAC Address Table The KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports both a static and a dynamic MAC address table. In response to a Destination Address (DA) look up, the KSZ8893MQL/MBL searches both tables to make a packet forwarding decision. In response to a Source Address (SA) look up, only the dynamic table is searched for aging, migration and learning purposes. The static DA look up result takes precedence over the dynamic DA look up result. If there is a DA match in both tables, the result from the static table is used. The entries in the static table will not be aged out by the KSZ8893MQL/MBL. 2 The static table is accessed by a external processor via the SMI, SPI or I C interfaces. The external processor performs all addition, modification and deletion of static MAC table entries. Bit Name R/W Description Default 57-54 FID R/W Filter VLAN ID – identifies one of the 16 active VLANs 0000 53 Use FID R/W = 1, use (FID+MAC) for static table look ups 0 52 Override R/W 51 Valid R/W = 0, use MAC only for static table look ups = 1, override port setting “transmit enable=0” or “receive enable=0” setting 0 = 0, no override = 1, this entry is valid, the lookup result will be used 0 = 0, this entry is not valid 50-48 47-0 Forwarding Ports R/W These 3 bits control the forwarding port(s): MAC Address R/W 001, forward to port 1 010, forward to port 2 100, forward to port 3 011, forward to port 1 and port 2 110, forward to port 2 and port 3 101, forward to port 1 and port 3 111, broadcasting (excluding the ingress port) 48-bit MAC Address 000 0x0000_0 000_0000 Table 16. Format of Static MAC Table (8 Entries) Examples: nd 1. Static Address Table Read (Read the 2 Entry) Write to reg. 121 (0x79) with 0x10 Write to reg. 122 (0x7A) with 0x01 Then, Read reg. 124 (0x7C), static table bits [57:56] Read reg. 125 (0x7D), static table bits [55:48] Read reg. 126 (0x7E), static table bits [47:40] Read reg. 127 (0x7F), static table bits [39:32] Read reg. 128 (0x80), static table bits [31:24] Read reg. 129 (0x81), static table bits [23:16] Read reg. 130 (0x82), static table bits [15:8] Read reg. 131 (0x83), static table bits [7:0] December 2007 93 // Read static table selected // Trigger the read operation M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL th 2. Static Address Table Write (Write the 8 Entry) Write to reg. 124 (0x7C), static table bits [57:56] Write to reg. 125 (0x7D), static table bits [55:48] Write to reg. 126 (0x7E), static table bits [47:40] Write to reg. 127 (0x7F), static table bits [39:32] Write to reg. 128 (0x80), static table bits [31:24] Write to reg. 129 (0x81), static table bits [23:16] Write to reg. 130 (0x82), static table bits [15:8] Write to reg. 131 (0x83), static table bits [7:0] Write to reg. 121 (0x79) with 0x00 // Write static table selected Write to reg. 122 (0x7A) with 0x07 // Trigger the write operation VLAN Table The KSZ8893MQL/MBL uses the VLAN table to perform look ups. If 802.1Q VLAN mode is enabled (register 5, bit 7 = 1), this table will be used to retrieve the VLAN information that is associated with the ingress packet. This information includes FID (filter ID), VID (VLAN ID), and VLAN membership as described in the following table. Bit Name R/W 19 Valid R/W Description = 1, entry is valid = 0, entry is invalid Specify which ports are members of the VLAN. If a DA lookup fails (no match in both static and dynamic tables), the packet associated with this VLAN will be forwarded to ports specified in this field. For example, 101 means port 3 and 1 are in this VLAN. Default 18-16 Membership R/W 15-12 FID R/W Filter ID. KSZ8893MQL/MBL supports 16 active VLANs represented by these four bit fields. FID is the mapped ID. If 802.1Q VLAN is enabled, the look up will be based on FID+DA and FID+SA. 0x0 11-0 VID R/W IEEE 802.1Q 12 bits VLAN ID 0x001 1 111 Table 17. Format of Static VLAN Table (16 Entries) If 802.1Q VLAN mode is enabled, KSZ8893MQL/MBL will assign a VID to every ingress packet. If the packet is untagged or tagged with a null VID, the packet is assigned with the default port VID of the ingress port. If the packet is tagged with non null VID, the VID in the tag will be used. The look up process will start from the VLAN table look up. If the VID is not valid, the packet will be dropped and no address learning will take place. If the VID is valid, the FID is retrieved. The FID+DA and FID+SA lookups are performed. The FID+DA look up determines the forwarding ports. If FID+DA fails, the packet will be broadcast to all the members (excluding the ingress port) of the VLAN. If FID+SA fails, the FID+SA will be learned. Examples: rd 1. VLAN Table Read (read the 3 entry) Write to reg. 121 (0x79) with 0x14 Write to reg. 122 (0x7A) with 0x02 Then, Read reg. 129 (0x81), VLAN table bits [19:16] Read reg. 130 (0x82), VLAN table bits [15:8] Read reg. 131 (0x83), VLAN table bits [7:0] // Read VLAN table selected // Trigger the read operation th 2. VLAN Table Write (write the 7 entry) December 2007 94 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Write to reg. 129 (0x81), VLAN table bits [19:16] Write to reg. 130 (0x82), VLAN table bits [15:8] Write to reg. 131 (0x83), VLAN table bits [7:0] Write to reg. 121 (0x79) with 0x04 // Write VLAN table selected Write to reg. 122 (0x7A) with 0x06 // Trigger the write operation Dynamic MAC Address Table The KSZ8893MQL/MBL maintains the dynamic MAC address table. Read access is allowed only. Bit Name R/W Description Default 71 Data Not Ready RO = 1, entry is not ready, continue retrying until this bit is set to 0 = 0, entry is ready 70-67 Reserved RO 66 MAC Empty RO Reserved = 1, there is no valid entry in the table 1 = 0, there are valid entries in the table 65-56 No of Valid Entries RO Indicates how many valid entries in the table 55-54 Time Stamp RO 0x3ff means 1K entries 0x001 means 2 entries 0x000 and bit 66 = 0 means 1 entry 0x000 and bit 66 = 1 means 0 entry 2 bits counter for internal aging 53-52 Source Port RO The source port where FID+MAC is learned 00_0000_0000 00 00 : port 1 01 : port 2 10 : port 3 51-48 FID RO Filter ID 0x0 47-0 MAC Address RO 48-bit MAC Address 0x0000_0000_0000 Table 18. Format of Dynamic MAC Address Table (1K Entries) Example: st Dynamic MAC Address Table Read (read the 1 entry and retrieve the MAC table size) Write to reg. 121 (0x79) with 0x18 // Read dynamic table selected Write to reg. 122 (0x7A) with 0x00 // Trigger the read operation Then, Read reg. 123 (0x7B), bit [7] // if bit 7 = 1, restart (reread) from this register dynamic table bits [66:64] Read reg. 124 (0x7C), dynamic table bits [63:56] Read reg. 125 (0x7D), dynamic table bits [55:48] Read reg. 126 (0x7E), dynamic table bits [47:40] Read reg. 127 (0x7F), dynamic table bits [39:32] Read reg. 128 (0x80), dynamic table bits [31:24] Read reg. 129 (0x81), dynamic table bits [23:16] Read reg. 130 (0x82), dynamic table bits [15:8] Read reg. 131 (0x83), dynamic table bits [7:0] December 2007 95 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL MIB (Management Information Base) Counters The KSZ8893MQL/MBL provides 34 MIB counters per port. These counters are used to monitor the port activity for network management. The MIB counters have two format groups: “Per Port” and “All Port Dropped Packet.” Bit Name R/W 31 Overflow RO 30 Count valid RO 29-0 Counter values RO Description = 1, counter overflow = 0, no counter overflow = 1, counter value is valid = 0, counter value is not valid Counter value Default 0 0 0 Table 19. Format of “Per Port” MIB Counters “Per Port” MIB counters are read using indirect memory access. The base address offsets and address ranges for all three ports are: Port 1, base is 0x00 and range is (0x00-0x1f) Port 2, base is 0x20 and range is (0x20-0x3f) Port 3, base is 0x40 and range is (0x40-0x5f) Port 1 MIB counters are read using the indirect memory offsets in the following table. Offset Counter Name Description 0x0 RxLoPriorityByte Rx lo-priority (default) octet count including bad packets 0x1 RxHiPriorityByte Rx hi-priority octet count including bad packets 0x2 RxUndersizePkt Rx undersize packets w/ good CRC 0x3 RxFragments Rx fragment packets w/ bad CRC, symbol errors or alignment errors 0x4 RxOversize Rx oversize packets w/ good CRC (max: 1536 or 1522 bytes) 0x5 RxJabbers Rx packets longer than 1522 bytes w/ either CRC errors, alignment errors, or symbol errors (depends on max packet size setting) 0x6 RxSymbolError Rx packets w/ invalid data symbol and legal packet size. 0x7 RxCRCError Rx packets within (64,1522) bytes w/ an integral number of bytes and a bad CRC (upper limit depends on max packet size setting) 0x8 RxAlignmentError Rx packets within (64,1522) bytes w/ a non-integral number of bytes and a bad CRC (upper limit depends on max packet size setting) 0x9 RxControl8808Pkts Number of MAC control frames received by a port with 88-08h in EtherType field 0xA RxPausePkts Number of PAUSE frames received by a port. PAUSE frame is qualified with EtherType (88-08h), DA, control opcode (00-01), data length (64B min), and a valid CRC 0xB RxBroadcast Rx good broadcast packets (not including error broadcast packets or valid multicast packets) 0xC RxMulticast Rx good multicast packets (not including MAC control frames, error multicast packets or valid broadcast packets) 0xD RxUnicast Rx good unicast packets 0xE Rx64Octets Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that were 64 octets in length 0xF Rx65to127Octets Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 65 and 127 octets in length 0x10 Rx128to255Octets Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 128 and 255 octets in length 0x11 Rx256to511Octets Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 256 and 511 octets in length 0x12 Rx512to1023Octets Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 512 and 1023 octets in length December 2007 96 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Offset Counter Name Description 0x13 Rx1024to1522Octets Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 1024 and 1522 octets in length (upper limit depends on max packet size setting) 0x14 TxLoPriorityByte Tx lo-priority good octet count, including PAUSE packets 0x15 TxHiPriorityByte Tx hi-priority good octet count, including PAUSE packets 0x16 TxLateCollision The number of times a collision is detected later than 512 bit-times into the Tx of a packet 0x17 TxPausePkts Number of PAUSE frames transmitted by a port 0x18 TxBroadcastPkts Tx good broadcast packets (not including error broadcast or valid multicast packets) 0x19 TxMulticastPkts Tx good multicast packets (not including error multicast packets or valid broadcast packets) 0x1A TxUnicastPkts Tx good unicast packets 0x1B TxDeferred Tx packets by a port for which the 1st Tx attempt is delayed due to the busy medium 0x1C TxTotalCollision Tx total collision, half duplex only 0x1D TxExcessiveCollision A count of frames for which Tx fails due to excessive collisions 0x1E TxSingleCollision Successfully Tx frames on a port for which Tx is inhibited by exactly one collision 0x1F TxMultipleCollision Successfully Tx frames on a port for which Tx is inhibited by more than one collision Table 20. Port 1’s “Per Port” MIB Counters Indirect Memory Offsets Bit Name R/W Description Default 30-16 Reserved N/A Reserved N/A 15-0 Counter Value RO Counter Value 0 Table 21. Format of “All Port Dropped Packet” MIB Counters “All Port Dropped Packet” MIB counters are read using indirect memory access. The address offsets for these counters are shown in the following table: Offset Counter Name Description 0x100 Port1 TX Drop Packets TX packets dropped due to lack of resources 0x101 Port2 TX Drop Packets TX packets dropped due to lack of resources 0x102 Port3 TX Drop Packets TX packets dropped due to lack of resources 0x103 Port1 RX Drop Packets RX packets dropped due to lack of resources 0x104 Port2 RX Drop Packets RX packets dropped due to lack of resources 0x105 Port3 RX Drop Packets RX packets dropped due to lack of resources Table 22. “All Port Dropped Packet” MIB Counters Indirect Memory Offsets Examples: 1. MIB Counter Read (Read port 1 “Rx64Octets” Counter) Write to reg. 121 (0x79) with 0x1c Write to reg. 122 (0x7A) with 0x0e Then December 2007 // Read MIB counters selected // Trigger the read operation 97 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Read reg. 128 (0x80), overflow bit [31] valid bit [30] counter bits [29:24] Read reg. 129 (0x81), counter bits [23:16] Read reg. 130 (0x82), counter bits [15:8] Read reg. 131 (0x83), counter bits [7:0] // If bit 31 = 1, there was a counter overflow // If bit 30 = 0, restart (reread) from this register 2. MIB Counter Read (Read port 2 “Rx64Octets” Counter) Write to reg. 121 (0x79) with 0x1c // Read MIB counter selected Write to reg. 122 (0x7A) with 0x2e // Trigger the read operation Then, Read reg. 128 (0x80), overflow bit [31] // If bit 31 = 1, there was a counter overflow valid bit [30] // If bit 30 = 0, restart (reread) from this register counter bits [29:24] Read reg. 129 (0x81), counter bits [23:16] Read reg. 130 (0x82), counter bits [15:8] Read reg. 131 (0x83), counter bits [7:0] 3. MIB Counter Read (Read “Port1 TX Drop Packets” Counter) Write to reg. 121 (0x79) with 0x1d // Read MIB counter selected Write to reg. 122 (0x7A) with 0x00 // Trigger the read operation Then Read reg. 130 (0x82), counter bits [15:8] Read reg. 131 (0x83), counter bits [7:0] Additional MIB Counter Information “Per Port” MIB counters are designed as “read clear.” These counters will be cleared after they are read. “All Port Dropped Packet” MIB counters are not cleared after they are accessed and do not indicate overflow or validity; therefore, the application must keep track of overflow and valid conditions. To read out all the counters, the best performance over the SPI bus is (160+3)*8*200 = 260ms, where there are 160 registers, 3 overheads, 8 clocks per access, at 5MHz. In the heaviest condition, the counters will overflow in 2 minutes. It is recommended that the software read all the counters at least every 30 seconds. A high performance SPI master is also recommended to prevent counters overflow. December 2007 98 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Absolute Maximum Ratings(1) Operating Ratings(2) Supply Voltage (VDDATX, VDDARX, VDDIO) ........................... –0.5V to +4.0V Input Voltage (all inputs). ............................. –0.5V to +5.0V Output Voltage (all outputs) ......................... –0.5V to +4.0V Lead Temperature (soldering, 10sec.) ....................... 270°C Storage Temperature (Ts) .........................–55°C to +150°C Supply Voltage (VDDATX, VDDARX, VDDIO).....................+3.1V to +3.5V Ambient Temp. of MQL(TA) ...................0°C to +70°C Ambient Temp. of MQLI/MBL AM(TA) -40°C to +85°C Junction Temp. (TJ) ..........................................125°C (3) Package Thermal Resistance PQFP (θJA) No Air Flow........................ 42.91°C/W PQFP (θJC) No Air Flow .......................... 19.6°C/W LFBGA (θJA) No Air Flow...................... 38.50°C/W LFBGA (θJC) No Air Flow ...................... 12.50°C/W December 2007 99 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Electrical Characteristics(1) Parameter Supply Current supply Symbol Condition Min Typ Max - Current consumption is for the single 3.3V supply KSZ8893MQL/MBL device only, and includes the 1.2V voltages (VDDA, VDDAP, VDDC) that are provided by the KSZ8893MQL/MBL via power output pin 22. - Each PHY port’s transformer consumes an additional 45mA @ 3.3V for 100BASE-TX and 70mA @ 3.3V for 10BASE-T. 100BASE-TX Operation (All Ports @ 100% Utilization) 100BASE-TX (transceiver + digital I/O) Iddxio VDDATX, VDDARX, VDDIO = 3.3V 120mA 10BASE-T Operation (All Ports @ 100% Utilization) 10BASE-T (transceiver + digital I/O) Iddxio VDDATX, VDDARX, VDDIO = 3.3V 90mA TTL Inputs Input High Voltage Vih Input Low Voltage Vil Input Current Iin Vin = GND ~ VDDIO Output High Voltage Voh Ioh = -8 mA Output Low Voltage Vol Iol = 8 mA Output Tri-State Leakage |Ioz| 2.0V 0.8V -10µA 10µA TTL Outputs 2.4V 0.4V 10µA 100BASE-TX Transmit (measured differentially after 1:1 transformer) Peak Differential Output Voltage Vo 100Ω termination across differential output. Output Voltage Imbalance Vimb Tr/Tf 1.05V 100Ω termination across differential output Rise/Fall Time 0.95V 2% 3ns 0ns Rise/Fall Time Imbalance 5ns 0.5ns + 0.25ns Duty Cycle Distortion 5% Overshoot Reference Voltage of ISET Vset 0.5V Peak-to-peak Output Jitter 0.7ns 1.4ns 10BASE-T Receive Squelch Threshold Vsq 5 MHz square wave 400mV 10BASE-T Transmit (measured differentially after 1:1 transformer) Peak Differential Output Voltage Output Jitter December 2007 Vp 100Ω termination across differential output 2.4V Peak-to-peak 1.8ns 100 3.5ns M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Notes: 1. Exceeding the absolute maximum rating may damage the device. Stresses greater than those listed in the table above may cause permanent damage to the device. Operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those specified in the operating sections of this specification is not implied. Maximum conditions for extended periods may affect reliability. Unused inputs must always be tied to an appropriate logic voltage level. 2. The device is not guaranteed to function outside its operating rating. Unused inputs must always be tied to an appropriate logic voltage level (Ground to VDD) 3. No (HS) heat spreader in this package. The thermal junction to ambient (θJA) and the thermal junction to case (θJC) are under air velocity 0m/s. 4. Specification for packaged product only. A single port’s transformer consumes an additional 45mA at 3.3V for 100BASE-T and 70mA at 3.3V for 10BASE-T. December 2007 101 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Timing Specifications EEPROM Timing Figure 14. EEPROM Interface Input Timing Diagram Figure 15. EEPROM Interface Output Timing Diagram Timing Parameter Description Min Typ Max 16384 Unit tcyc1 Clock cycle ts1 Setup time 20 ns th1 Hold time 20 ns tov1 Output valid 4096 4112 ns 4128 ns Table 23. EEPROM Timing Parameters December 2007 102 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL SNI Timing Figure 16. SNI Input Timing Diagram Figure 17. SNI Output Timing Diagram Timing Parameter Description Min Typ Max tcyc2 Clock cycle ts2 Setup time 10 ns th2 Hold time 0 ns tov2 Output valid 0 100 3 Unit ns 6 ns Table 24. SNI Timing Parameters December 2007 103 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL MII Timing MAC Mode MII Timing Receiv e Timi ng ts3 tcyc3 th 3 MRXCLK MRXDV MRXD[3:0] Figure 18. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII Figure 19. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted to MII Timing Parameter Description tcyc3 Clock cycle 100BASE-TX 40 ns Clock cycle 10BASE-T 400 ns (10BASE-T) ts3 Setup time 10 ns th3 Hold time 3 ns tov3 Output valid 3 (100BASE-TX) tcyc3 Min Typ Max 8 Unit ns Table 25. MAC Mode MII Timing Parameters December 2007 104 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL PHY Mode MII Timing Figure 20. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII Figure 21. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted to MII Timing Parameter Description Min Typ Max tcyc4 (100BASE-TX) Clock cycle 100BASE-TX 40 ns tcyc4 400 ns (10BASE-T) Clock cycle 10BASE-T ts4 Setup time 10 ns th4 Hold time 1 ns tov4 Output valid 0 3 Unit ns Table 26. PHY Mode MII Timing Parameters December 2007 105 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL RMII Timing tc y c T ra n s m it T im in g REFCLK t1 t2 M T X D [1 :0 ] M TXEN Figure 22: RMII Timing – Data Received from RMII Receive Tim ing tcyc R E FC LK M R X D [1:0] MR XDV tod Figure 23: RMII Timing – Data Input to RMII Timing Parameter Description Min Typ Max tcyc Clock cycle t1 Setup time 4 ns t2 Hold time 2 ns tod Output delay 20 2.8 Unit ns 10 ns Table 27: RMII Timing Parameters December 2007 106 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL I2C Slave Mode Timing Figure 24. I2C Input Timing Figure 25. I2C Start Bit Timing Figure 26. I2C Stop Bit Timing Figure 27. I2C Input Timing Timing Parameter Description Min Tcyc Clock cycle 400 Ts Setup time 33 Th Typ Max Unit ns Half-cycle ns Hold time Half-cycle ns Ttbs Start bit setup time 33 ns Ttbh Start bit hold time 33 ns Tsbs Stop bit setup time 2 ns Tsbh Stop bit hold time 33 Tov Output Valid 64 ns 96 ns Table 28. I2C Timing Parameters Note: Data is only allowed to change during SCL low time except start and stop bits. December 2007 107 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL SPI Timing Input Timing Figure 28. SPI Input Timing Timing Parameter Description Min Max Units fC Clock frequency 5 MHz tCHSL SPIS_N inactive hold time 90 ns tSLCH SPIS_N active setup time 90 ns tCHSH SPIS_N active old time 90 ns tSHCH SPIS_N inactive setup time 90 ns tSHSL SPIS_N deselect time 100 ns tDVCH Data input setup time 20 ns tCHDX Data input hold time 30 ns tCLCH Clock rise time 1 us tCHCL Clock fall time 1 us tDLDH Data input rise time 1 us tDHDL Data input fall time 1 us Table 29. SPI Input Timing Parameters December 2007 108 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Output Timing Figure 29. SPI Output Timing Timing Parameter Description Min fC Clock frequency Units 5 tCLQX SPIQ hold time tCLQV Clock low to SPIQ valid MHz 0 ns 60 tCH Clock high time 90 tCL Clock low time 90 tQLQH SPIQ rise time 50 ns tQHQL SPIQ fall time 50 ns tSHQZ SPIQ disable time 100 ns 0 Max ns ns Table 30. SPI Output Timing Parameters December 2007 109 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Auto-Negotiation Timing A u to-N egotiation - F ast L in k P ulse T im ing FLP B urst FLP B urst T X + /T X - t FL PW tB T B C lock P ulse T X + /T X - D ata P ulse t PW t PW D ata P u lse C lock P ulse t C TD t C TC Figure 30: Auto-Negotiation Timing Timing Parameter Description tBTB Min Typ Max Units FLP burst to FLP burst 8 16 24 ms tFLPW FLP burst width tPW Clock/Data pulse width tCTD Clock pulse to Data pulse 55.5 64 69.5 µs tCTC Clock pulse to Clock pulse 111 128 139 µs Number of Clock/Data pulse per burst 17 2 ms 100 ns 33 Table 31: Auto-Negotiation Timing Parameters December 2007 110 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Reset Timing The KSZ8893MQL/MBL reset timing requirement is summarized in the following figure and table. Figure 31. Reset Timing Parameter tsr Description Stable supply voltages to reset High Min 10 Max Units ms tcs Configuration setup time 50 ns tch Configuration hold time 50 ns trc Reset to strap-in pin output 50 us Table 32. Reset Timing Parameters After the de-assertion of reset, it is recommended to wait a minimum of 100 us before starting programming on the managed interface (I2C slave, SPI slave, SMI, MIIM). December 2007 111 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Reset Circuit The reset circuit in Figure 32 is recommended for powering up the KSZ8893MQL/MBL if reset is triggered only by the power supply. VCC D1: 1N4148 D1 KS8893M R 10K RST C 10uF Figure 32. Recommended Reset Circuit The reset circuit in Figure 33 is recommended for applications where reset is driven by another device (e.g., CPU, FPGA, etc),. At power-on-reset, R, C and D1 provide the necessary ramp rise time to reset the KSZ8893MQL/MBL device. The RST_OUT_n from CPU/FPGA provides the warm reset after power up. VCC KS8893M R 10K D1 CPU/FPGA RST RST_OUT_n D2 C 10uF D1, D2: 1N4148 Figure 33. Recommended Reset Circuit for interfacing with CPU/FPGA Reset Output December 2007 112 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Selection of Isolation Transformers An 1:1 isolation transformer is required at the line interface. An isolation transformer with integrated commonmode choke is recommended for exceeding FCC requirements. The following table gives recommended transformer characteristics. Parameter Value Test Condition Turns ratio 1 CT : 1 CT Open-circuit inductance (min.) 350μH 100mV, 100kHz, 8mA Leakage inductance (max.) 0.4μH 1MHz (min.) Inter-winding capacitance (max.) 12pF D.C. resistance (max.) 0.9Ω Insertion loss (max.) 1.0dB HIPOT (min.) 1500Vrms 0MHz – 65MHz Table 33. Transformer Selection Criteria Magnetic Manufacturer Part Number Auto MDI-X Number of Port Bel Fuse S558-5999-U7 Yes 1 Bel Fuse (MagJack) SI-46001 Yes 1 Bel Fuse (MagJack) SI-50170 Yes 1 Delta LF8505 Yes 1 LanKom LF-H41S Yes 1 Pulse H1102 Yes 1 Pulse (low cost) H1260 Yes 1 Transpower HB726 Yes 1 YCL LF-H41S Yes 1 TDK (Mag Jack) TLA-6T718 Yes 1 Table 34. Qualified Single Port Magnetics Selection of Reference Crystal Chacteristics Value Units Frequency 25.00000 MHz Frequency tolerance (max) ±50 ppm Load capacitance (max) 20 pF Series resistance 25 Ω Table 35. Typical Reference Crystal Characteristics December 2007 113 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Package Information Figure 34. 128-Pin PQFP Package December 2007 114 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL Figure 35. 100_Ball LFBGA Package December 2007 115 M9999-121007-1.5 Micrel, Inc. KSZ8893MQL/MBL MICREL, INC. 2180 FORTUNE DRIVE SAN JOSE, CA 95131 USA TEL: +1 (408) 944-0800 FAX: +1 (408) 474 1000 WEB: http:/www.micrel.com The information furnished by Micrel in this data sheet is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Micrel for its use. Micrel reserves the right to change circuitry and specifications at any time without notification to the customer. Micrel Products are not designed or authorized for use as components in life support appliances, devices or systems where malfunction of a product can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems that (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. A Purchaser’s use or sale of Micrel Products for use in life support appliances, devices or systems is a Purchaser’s own risk and Purchaser agrees to fully indemnify Micrel for any damages resulting from such use or sale. © 2007 Micrel, Incorporated. December 2007 116 M9999-121007-1.5 ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2012 for the course ECE 3551 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at FIT.

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