{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Graham Allison Note

Graham Allison Note - Graham Allison Conceptual Models and...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Graham Allison, Conceptual Models and the Cuban Missile Crisis (1969) Introduction: - The principal purpose of this essay is to explore some of the fundamental assumptions and categories employed by analysts in thinking about problems of governmental behaviour, especially in foreign and military affairs 1. Analysts think about problems of foreign and military policy in terms of largely implicit conceptual models that have significant consequences for the content of their thought. The logic of explanation requires that he single out the relevant, important determinants of the occurrence 2. Most analysts explain (and predict) the behaviour of national governments in terms of various forms of one basic conceptual model, here entitled the Rational Policy Model (Model I) analysts attempt to understand happenings as the more or less purposive acts of unified national governments 3. Two "alternative" conceptual models, here labelled an Organizational Process Model (Model II) and a Bureaucratic Politics Model (Model III) provide a base for improved explanation and pre-diction The third model focuses on the internal politics of a government Happenings in foreign affairs are understood, according to the bureaucratic politics model, neither as choices nor as outputs - the 3 models outline "alternative explanations" of the same happening illustrate differences among the models at work. A crisis decision, by a small group of men in the context of ultimate threat, this is a case of the rational policy model par excellence Model I: Rational Policy Rational Policy Model Illustrated - How do analysts attempt to explain the Soviet emplacement of missiles in Cuba? the introduction of strategic missiles into Cuba was motivated chiefly by the Soviet leaders' desire to overcome . . . the existing large margin of U.S. strategic superiority - This set of assumptions characterizes the rational policy model. The as-sertion that Model I is the standard frame of reference assumes that what must be explained is an action, i.e., the realization of some purpose or intention assumes that the actor is the national government assumes that the action is chosen as a calculated response to a strategic problem o explanation consists of showing what goal the government was pursuing in committing the act and how this action was a reasonable choice Rational Policy Paradigm 1. Basic Unit of Analysis: Policy as National Choice Government select the actions that will maximize strategic goals and objectives 2. Organizing Concepts a. National Actor: the nation or government, conceived as rational, is the agent with one set of specified goals and an estimate of the consequences b. The Problem: action is chosen in response to the problem the nation faces c. Static Selection: all actors decisions constitute into the state’s collective solution
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
d. Actions as Rational Choice d.i. Goals and Objectives: national security and national interest are how goals are conceived d.ii.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern