lecture notes january

lecture notes january - they dont include everything Tasks...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Poli 243  09/01/2012 07:54:00 Intro: What do we mean by ‘theory’? Relate cause and effect Probabilistic statement; social scientists- we make if than statements not laws  o Human behavior- imperfect predictions o Very complex- multiple theories, very big questions Composed of independent and dependent variables o Outcomes (dependent variables) are not constant, they vary i.e  war/peace- we’re interested in the change, the variation  The Qualities of a Theory Find theories that do all the following well: o Accuracy – which one gives you the right answer most of the time  o Parsimony or leverage- want a simple theory, we choose which parts  to talk about and which to leave out in causes o Generalizability- framing things in a way that allows you to talk about  other cases  Theories as representations of reality: Theories are models, they are stripped down pictures of reality, like maps, 
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: they dont include everything Tasks for a Theory- what were going to use theories for Description- understanding cause and effects in history Prediction- if we understand case x that should shed some light on cause and effect in case y (i.e generalizability) Prescription- give me policy options, help me influence the future; i.e we worry about causes of war because we want to prevent it Provide normative goals- give us a picture of what that better world should look like Theories begin with assumptions Theories are built on assumptions Assumptions shape the qualities of each theory An assumption is something we assume to be true We assume something to be tue, because we know its not always true 09/01/2012 07:54:00 09/01/2012 07:54:00...
View Full Document

Page1 / 3

lecture notes january - they dont include everything Tasks...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online