POLI 243 Midterm Review Lectures

POLI 243 Midterm Review Lectures - POLI 243 Midterm Review:...

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POLI 243 Midterm Review: Lectures Lecture 2: Categorizing Paradigms Level of Analysis: - systemic level how are states currently interacting? - domestic level what is the public’s opinion on a certain issue? - bureaucratic level how are decisions made in the government on policy? - individual level does it matter which person is president? Classical Realism – historians (contrast themselves with ideals) 1. Humans have a will to survive, which makes them selfish (self-interested) 2. Will to survive equals a will to dominate security dilemma 3. This creates a competition to dominate, which in turn creates a search for power Structural Realism (developing social sciences) 1. States are the most important actors 2. States are the unitary and rational actors 3. The international system is anarchic 4. States seek to maximize their power Lecture 3: Liberalism and Marxism Focus: domestic side of politics Liberalism Emerges: - critics of mercantilism - when trade began to take place. .. Government wanted a cut of the action, thus collecting taxes - Adam Smith + David Ricardo writes “wealth of nations” Mercantilists saw power and wealth in the same sense Smith disagreed; not about amount of gold you have but what you have to consume - Ricardo stressed comparative advantage both state better off - Britain adopts classical liberal policies internally and externally in the 19 th century Indifference Curve: - people want to choose the higher curve - inbetween is where you want to be because you will get an equal production of each good Liberal Ideas: - individuals determine their own ideas - voluntary exchange (through markets) work well to satisfy individuals’ desires - cooperation can effectively solve most problems - analytical liberalism: concentrates on role of domestic politics – as the source of state goals State aims are established by individuals, voicing their preferences in domestic politics States don’t do what is best for everyone in society
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Bottom-up perspective due to domestic competition between interest groups which lobby and advocate their governments Creates a loser (ex: free trade) - say you have to reward entrepreneur for bringing workers together Marx Attacked Liberalism: - effects liberalism has weren’t what was promised - pursuit of profit is what will kill capitalism according to Marx - Marxism relies on the Labour Theory of Value (all value is created by first labour) If labour is the base of everything then it deserves the whole of the value it produces Classical Marxism: 1. Social classes are the primary actors 2. Classes act in their own mutual interests classes compete for the material goods in the market 3. The expropriation of surplus value is exploitation -say surplus value goes to people who own the capital but it really belongs with the workers exploited Marx’s Model of Capitalism: - surplus value is created (two outcomes) Concentration of capital per worker
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course POLI 243 taught by Professor Markbrawley during the Spring '09 term at McGill.

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POLI 243 Midterm Review Lectures - POLI 243 Midterm Review:...

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