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compative gov'ts

compative gov'ts - Poli 211 Intro to Comp Politics...

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Poli 211: Intro to Comp Politics - Introduction to the study of politics - The class answers: 1. Why countries develop the way they do? 2. Why they are governed as they are 3. To show that it is possible to study politics without being ‘politics’ - Parliamentary, constitutional monarchy, federal system= Canada - Political is a loaded adjective Each reading generally contains two sets of information that you should remember: 1. a puzzle or a descriptive story about some political events 2. concepts used in the story and that go beyond the particular puzzle or narrative what is comparative politics? - comparison allows us to broaden our horizons 1. The value of comparative analysis (p 37) 2. comparative politics is a major field in political science: similarities and differences with political theory and international relations 3. the craft of comparative analysis 4. how political scientists do it different traditions involving different concepts and methods. 1. inductive/deductive a. inductive logic: starts with observing phenomena without a priori model, mainly descriptive. Focuses on theory, hypotheses b. deductive logic: starts with implied theoretical road map, oten in the form of models or abstract reasoning 2. quantitative/qualitative research a. quantitative research uses numbers and statistical methods i. tends to be based on numerical measurements of specific aspects of phenomena b. qualitative research covers a wide range of analysis, generally doesn’t rely on numerical measurements, small number of cases. Points to remember: - in spite of differences b/w quantitative and qualitative traditions, all good research in both derive from the same logic of inferences - common goal: to learn facts about the real world - descriptive and causal inferences 3. macro/micro a. macro analysis: i. readings (lichbach/kopstein), regime types, repertoires of action, focus on interests, identities, institutions, mental models
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b. micro analysis: i. focuses more directly on individual as the starting point, concerned with indivdual/group behavior ii. we tend to combine macro and micro such as in the case of voting studies - comparative politics is not that different than international relations- we study politics internal to countries instead of outside, that is the only difference. - We study how things are actually done - Normative considerations Two ways of organizing ship life – merchant ships and pirate ships - merchant ship owner; problem of how to insure that the crew on this ship didn’t engage in opportunistic behavior- followed interests of merchant ship owner o did this by assigning autocratic authority to ship captain; merchant and captain’s interests were aligned. o Problem of principle agent- difficulties that arise under conditions of incomplete and asymmetric information when a principal hires an agent , such as the problem of potential moral hazard and conflict of interest , in as much as the principal is—presumably—hiring the agent to pursue the principal's interests.
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