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Essential Readings in World Politics

Essential Readings in World Politics - Essential Readings...

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Essential Readings in World Politics Jack Snyder; One World, Rival Theories +US/ 9/11- intelligence community needs restructuring, military has new enemies, new homeland security agency - liberalism, realism, constructivism (idealism)- shape public discource and policy analysis realism: focuses on shifting distribution of power among states - pragmatic appreciation of the role of power but also warns that states will suffer if they overreach liberalism: highlights rising number of democracies and turbulence of democratic transitions - cooperative potential of mature democracies, esp when working together through effective institutions but also notes democracies tendency to crusade against tyrannies and the propensity of emerging democracies to collapse into violent ethnic turmoil - smith, kant idealism: illuminates changing norms of sovereignty, human rights, and international justice as well as the increased potency of religious ideas in politics - stresses that a consensus on values must underpin any stable political order yet it also recognizes that forging such a consensus often requires an ideological struggle with the potential for conflict - gandhi, bin laden Is realism still realistic? + core: international affairs is a struggle for power among self-interested states - pessimistic about human nature - everyone loves to hate (liberal democratic realism) - post ww2 european belief- an antidote to the naïve belief that int’l institutions and law alone can preserve peace (scholars believed this caused war) - US writers mostly, Germany also strong realist traditions- US as “europe’s pacifier” - China’s current foreign policy is grounded in realist ideas that date back millennia o As china modernizes its economy and enters int’l institutions like the World Trade Organization, it behaves in a way realists understand well: developing its military slowly but surely as its economic power grows and avoiding confrontation with superior US forces - realism of 9/11- continued centrality of military strength and persistence of conflict even in age of global economic interdependence - reason for forceful military response to 9/11: when a state grows vastly more powerful than any opponent, realists expect it to use that power to expand its sphere of domination- US employed military sort of imperially - realists belief states, not the UN or human rights watch, have led the fight against
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terrorism - post-9/11 developments seem to undercut one of realisms core concepts the balance of power o realism predicts weaker states will ally to protect themselves from stronger ones balance of power o i.e 19 th c Ger unification- FR, Russ, and GB allied against power o now no powers combine to challenge US militarily geographic inability to ally against (reason to?) benign interests OR has there been balancing? -
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