mt2 study guide

mt2 study guide - 1. Appendix: But even in France not all...

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1. Appendix: But even in France not all was under absolute monarch as Tocqueville makes clear in his appendix on pays d’états with special reference to Languedoc. Alexis de Tocqueville’s The Old Regime and the French Revolution - born to a noble family in 1805; French by birth, moved to America Appendix: The pays d’etats, with special reference to Languedoc “estates”- in most FR provinces; administered under royal gov’t by “men of the three estates” a.k.a an assembly composed o freps of the clergy, nobility, and commons - lasted in some places until the 17 th and 18 th c. - kings and princes attacked them instead of trying to modernize them 1789- estates only in five fairly large provinces in france - two provincial self-gov’ts- Brittany and Languedoc - estates everywhere else but not the same as before, became ineffectual and inert Languedoc: - 2k+ townships (“communities”), 2mill+ population, largest and most well- organized and prosperous of all plays d’etats - estates only could meet under orders from king and a writ of summons was addressed by him to each of the persons who were to sit in the assembly - king fixed opening date and termination of each session - king represented in assembly by commissioners, who were always given admission to its sittings when they so desired and whose function it was to make known to the assembly in session the wishes of the gov’t - estates couldn’t pass a resolution of importance, enact any measure touching on finance w/o authorization from council - when taxes, loans, or lawsuits were in question, permission from king was needed - no rules of procedure, even relating to conduct of sessions, could be enforced w/o sanctioning by central power; even balance sheet (budget) had to be “passed” - all normal activities of gov’t carried on by central powers Intendant: governed provinces, had subdelegates in each district whose function was to keep in contact with local authorities and supervise - kept quite a firm hold on Languedoc or any pays d’election - intendant gave decisions in all proceedings in which the gov’t was involved
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differences in Languedoc’s administration: 1. possessed an assembly composed of men of substance; looked up to by people, respected by royal power a. none of the “kings men” could be a member b. freely and conscientiously debated 2. good many public works in Languedoc were paid for by king through representatives a. majority carried out and paid for by province alone, unlike in other pays d’etats where central gov’t covered most of execution 3. province had right to levy own initiative and in a manner they thought fit some of the royal taxes as well as the taxes it was entitled to impose for its own requirements a. few, if any, local taxes in most pays d’etat; Languedoc expended a lot on public utility works b. wanted to extent their program to include canals, roads, and rivers i. of nat’l, not provincial interests, but province would still pay bc they would gain the most
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course POLI 211 taught by Professor Sabetti during the Fall '08 term at McGill.

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mt2 study guide - 1. Appendix: But even in France not all...

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