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mt2keyterms - Vichy regime: Front Populaire was a left wing...

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Vichy regime:: Front Populaire was a left wing coalition of underrepresented labour workers with communist and socialist party ideals o Came into power in 1936 with Leon Blum Launched a general strikes and reforms were introduced o Nationalization and better working conditions Quickly replaced by the Vichy State (France’s darkest hour) Huge separation between the left and right allowed Vichy to form o Right: Bonapartism, monarchism, ready to dismantle republic o Left: Communists fearing Hitler’s movements All worked under Vichy to maintain French autonomy from Germany o Under Vichy’ Jewish people were denounced Absolutism: 1300s, French kinds don’t rule unilaterally, depend on collaboration of Estates general o Nobility, clergy, Third Estate of commoners o 1600s, France witnessed the consolidation ad institutionalization of the absolutist monarchy through efforts of royal administrators o Rendered 3 rd Estate obsolete o Privatize public goods and services (i.e. tax collection) caused Loss of control Growing frustration with tax inequites and poor services Emergence of a new class of financiers with a strong identification with the state and an an interest in maintaing its structural deficits Divided state into 32 generalites and added a level of administration
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Fronde in France resulted in a decaptitation of the aristocracy o Louis XIV reconstructed the political, social and economic structure of France into an absolutist state Constructed Versailles Increased army size Promoted economic growth through merchantilism Called Colbertisme Louis and the aristocracy used absolutism DIFFERNTLY than ENGLAND, not to develop new commercial or industrial activities, but to reinforce the feudal sstem and obligcatios of peasentry Gave peasantry relative autonmy compared to other W Europe states, making them more resentful to aristocratic power and privilege than elsewhere French revolution 1789 absolutist state lost control of repressive social order Precipants of revolution o Budget deficts and under-taxation of the wealthy o Lack of communication between social classes o Comlicity of the church maintaining inequalities o Bad timing of reform efforts by Louis XVI o Fiscal crisis from eternal war and internal aristocratic exemption from tax King calls Estates General meeting to get tax passed for aristocracy o Third estate divided into land owning bourgeois and poor farmers Estblished principles of popular soverignity and equal rights o Became a constitutional monarch with a soverign, popularly representative parliament, equal political and social rights and an economic order founded on the principle of private propert o Essential indegrediats or a liberal representative democracy and a capitalist socioeconomic order Left France radical and hungry for more equality, couldn’t stop with dramatic events of 1789 o Institutional dynamics of absolutist state drove the revolution to destruction
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mt2keyterms - Vichy regime: Front Populaire was a left wing...

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