Readings for Exam 3

Readings for Exam 3 - ReadingsforExam3 04:45...

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Readings for Exam 3 04:45 Village Elections: Training Grounds for Democratization Grassroots democratic process called cunmn weiyuanhui through elected villager committees  Establish democratic administration and have fiscal accountability Foundation for the development of the rule of law in country sides Influences urban elections as well  Shift towards more openness and pluralism The villager committees: Out of the Cultural Revolution Emerged after Cultural Revolution disaster (1966-76) To promote stability and economic prosperity by making leaders accountable to constituents  Method to improve relations to enforce unpopular policies  Family planning and taxation  Primary goals of village communities: Ensure villager self-government  Promote grassroots socialist democracy, material development, culture and ideology Support for cooperative economic policies Include appropriate number of women and minority groups Villager committee elections Elections have progressed from early one-candidate “approval” votes  Candidates must be nominated by villagers and prohibits any organization or individual from replacing VC  members  VC law strengthens measures on transparency and accountability to ensure democratic-self-government under  “open management” Introduces 4 democracies: Democratic election, democratic decision making, democratic management, democratic supervision  Villagers have the right to report to a higher level of government if VC does not meet its requirements 
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Villagers have quickly adapted to their rights  Branching Out Introducing stability but still protests and some discontent People’s congress deputies Villagers elect village leaders and township and county congress Promised competition through multiple candidates, write-in candidates and secret-ballot Party maintains some control of nominations  Candidates put forth by villagers are now starting to be elected over party-sponsored candidates Township Elections More direct voter participation in township elections since 1998 when the party promoted open administration  Part doesn’t want to move into Western-style multi-party system but is permitting quiet experiments  Party Elections Party has taken advantage of the system but this doesn’t detract from the influence of democracy  2-ballot system One open to all candidates and the second just to party members  Let villagers choose between party members for village secretary  Urban Elections and the Emergence of “Communities” Residents Committees are the urban counterpart of VCs RCs didn’t become a popular civic force because there wasn’t a connection between them an economic and  social interests
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Readings for Exam 3 - ReadingsforExam3 04:45...

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