Sabetti - Productive Orders Chapters 1, 2, 7

Sabetti - Productive Orders Chapters 1, 2, 7 - The Struggle...

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The Struggle to Constitute and Sustain Productive Orders by Sproule- Jones, Allen, and Sabetti. Chapter 1: Thesis of the book: human communities struggle to devise and sustain productive relationships internally among their members and externally with other communities. This book is joined by the volume The Practice of Constitutional Development , and examines the intellectual traditions pioneered by Vincent Ostrom, it has the subtitle: Vincent Ostrom’s Quest to Understand Human Affairs. Vincent Ostrom: Wrote on the principles of governance advanced in early modern political though Inspired by Hobbes, Hume, Adam Smith, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and de Tocqueville. Extended then his inspiration source to author like Walter Bagehot, Woodrow Wilson. He discerned two enduring patterns of order: o Pattern of hierarchical order exemplified in practice in a sovereign Leviathan o Polycentric, institutions of variety and redundancies Between those two patterns were a range of alternative systems of order, fashioned by different communities to deal with their physical environments and their particular histories Ostrom needs to depict the relationships of different communities as rules and to develop theoretical and empirical studies of all kinds of rule configurations that make up governance regime. Rule configurations: The theme of socially organized rules at the center of communities set the agenda for Ostrom for 5 decades. o He looked at possible conflict between rules of the governments and social norms of people. These can develop differently (e.g. fruitful relationship, open conflict etc). o He implied that socially organized norms or rules could claim co-equal status with the formal rules of a political regime o He implied self-governance, or constitutional choice. Constitutional rule is the name giver to rules about collective choices. Social norms or religious based norms may be critical metaphysical elements in diverse societies; communities can accept such norms as realities that drive their epistemic views of governance. Ostrom argues for universalistic standards of evaluation of governance systems that can integrate differing norms of behavior. Evaluating Rules: “ How can we evaluate governance arrangements?” Ostrom o To answer, return to the 2 polar extremes of ordered relationships: the sovereign or hierarchical form, and the polycentric or dispersed form of governance. o He derived two propositions: Hobbes: sovereign power could be subject to natural punishments if sovereign powers were to be exercised with intemperance, rashness, injustice, and other moral failings
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Hamilton, Jay, Madison: constitutional rules could be developed to make sovereign power subject to enforceable laws of governance. From American federalism, he reasoned that centralized executive powers
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course POLI 211 taught by Professor Sabetti during the Fall '08 term at McGill.

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Sabetti - Productive Orders Chapters 1, 2, 7 - The Struggle...

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