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Unformatted text preview: 2.1 The Impact of Colonialism 01:27 • *** midterm includes 3.2 (cultural pluralism) and conferences of week of midterm • • Lebanon- all seats in parliament reserved for a particular religion • Goes back to original formation in 1943; they’ve tweaked ballots • Parliamentary seats are assigned by basis of sect and you can vote (multimember districts) but you can vote for other sects candidates…. • Strengthens sectorial leader • Political elite benefit from this system so electoral reform isn’t likely • Shrinking minorities (i.e catholic) so current system protects you from current majority (sunni-shite) • Consociational system- institutionalized cross group/power sharing system • Horse-trading + corruption- my guys vote for you, you vote for me; no pre- printed ballot, you bring your own! • Typha accord ended Lebanese civil war • • Legacies of Colonialism • 1492- Columbus; beginning of an era of European colonialism in Americas, asia, Africa that would last more than 4 centuries • • Colonialism: the developmental view: colonialism as modernization speeded up; s.hunt would think new demands, rising expectations from destroyed traditional social groups; restructuring of society accelerated by colonialism • Capability side: newly independent states of colonial world; political leadership contested, what was new country? Could we agree borders inherited from colonial rule were right? Institutions could be extraordinarily weak- colonial powers left behind strong legacies of civil services and institutions (India) but when portuguese left Angola and Mozambique, they took everything- how can you run a new gov’t w/o institutions? When gb left south yemen, there was barely any road and one person with understanding of figures o Demands: Destruction of traditional social and political organization Accelerated social mobilization New ideas Rising expectation o Capabilities Problems of political leadership and institutionalization Poverty and limited resources o A lot of new demands placed on new political system and that political system had little capabilities particularly in regard to institutions • Result: political instability • sam Huntington would argue result would be political instability and decades following independence is of civil violence, wars, coups, etc. • Stability requires strong political apparatus to control demands o Nationalist party?...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course POLI 227 taught by Professor Narendrasubramanian during the Spring '08 term at McGill.
- Spring '08