2.2 Nationalism etc

2.2 Nationalism etc - 2.2 Nationalism, National Liberation...

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2.2  Nationalism, National Liberation and Decolonization 21:25 Jan 21 st  Lecture (continued from 2.1)  Decolonization Colonialism had major effects, yet (in historical terms) lasted a relatively brief period  Latin America (about 300 years)  India (about 200 years)  Africa (about 100 years)  Middle East (less than 50 years)  Why does colonialism collapse? Rise of Nationalist Resistance Traditional resistance Initial or continuing resistance to colonial conquest, based on local (pre-colonial) society  and capabilities (ex. Bedouin resistance to French colonial expansion; Zulu resistance to  Dutch and British; Indian principalities)  Rarely successful Could raise cost, delay expansion, some territories never fully under colonial control  Technological gap in Europe’s favor  Creation of nationalist heroes that later inspired revolutionary forces  Modern Nationalist Movements Rooted in the new society, changed by the colonial experience Colonialism accelerated changes which facilitated nationalist opposition to colonialism 
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2.2 Nationalism etc - 2.2 Nationalism, National Liberation...

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