hobbes-s.s - Study Sheet- Hobbes: Leviathan Liberal...

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Study Sheet- Hobbes: Leviathan Liberal Ontology or Fundamental Premises: - Liberty/freedom: o in S.O.N liberty did not exist bc actions were hindered by fear of death and fear of the power of others. o In leviathan, fear and power are still present, but bc the subject has consented to give them to the sovereign to use as tools, subject attains absolute liberty. o Hobbes concludes that freedom can only truly exist under a sovereign power authorized by its subjects- even if sovereign kills you, you’re personally responsible. o Liberty= absence of external impediments o Greatest liberty= silence of laws - Equality: o Inequality does not exist in the natural condition. Any inequality that exists is the result of civil laws, not natural ones. Men are naturally equal o Men are equal in body bc even the weakest man can kill the strongest o Men are equal in mind bc it takes the same amount of time/experience=prudence (carefulness) o Equality of conditions - Reason/rationality: o reason allows one to escape the s.o.n. reason along with fear, govern the state of nature; reason shows man how to escape after fear creates a desire o internal criteria of reason- coherence of awakens creates rationality o speech allows for reason o reason is a slave to appetites; to desire - S.o.n- characteristics: o Natural condition of mankind before society, gov’t, and invention of law: free of all artificial interferences o Continuous war and violence, individualistic, no property, industry, or society Causes of war: glory, diffidence, competition o Death and fear o "[D]uring the time men live without a common Power to keep them all in awe, they are in a condition which is called Warre; and such a warre, as is of every man, against every man. . . the life of man, solitary, poore, nasty,
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course POLI 232 taught by Professor Levy during the Spring '08 term at McGill.

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hobbes-s.s - Study Sheet- Hobbes: Leviathan Liberal...

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