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Unformatted text preview: Study Sheet: Locke Second Treatise on Gov’t Liberal ontology or fundamental premises:- liberty/freedom: o people are born under some gov’t so they’re not free/at liberty to unite together and change the gov’t o give up natural freedom to enter society in exchange for protection of life, liberty, and estates- equality: o equal in s.o.n because no one has more than another o man is equal in a governed society- natural rights of man to life, liberty, and estates- government secures these rights o consent of governed stems from equality o religious equality o equality of opportunity o right to acquire unequal amounts of wealth- slaves come to America to acquire more ‘luxuries’ - reason/rationality: o reason personal freedom o we’re born without reason which is a survival tool- why we need parents o reason means political power can’t be paternal bc that assumes people don’t have reason or if it recognizes their reason, they’re powerless- s.o.n- characteristics o all men are naturally in a state of perfect freedom- men are free and equal o no one should have more than another o all are free to do as they please except harm others- state of liberty, not license o no established, settled, law o no known and indifferent judge o no power to back and support sentences o not a state of license- no right to attack first bc we are all god’s property so...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course POLI 232 taught by Professor Levy during the Spring '08 term at McGill.
- Spring '08