4 Convention (III) for the Adaptation to Maritime Warfare

4 Convention (III) for the Adaptation to Maritime Warfare -...

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Convention (III) for the Adaptation to Maritime Warfare of the Principles of the Geneva Convention of 22 August 1864. The Hague, 29 July 1899. State parties (49) General title: First Peace Conference of The Hague, 1899. Forum of adoption: International Peace Conference 1899 Entry into force: 04.09.1900 The Additional Articles to the Geneva Convention which were drafted in 1868 in order to adapt the principles of the Geneva Convention to sea warfare failed to secure any ratifications. It was not before the end of the century that the question of the revision of the Geneva Convention and especially of the adoption of supplementary articles concerning sea warfare gained new support. The International Committee of the Red Cross , at the request of the Swiss Federal Council, prepared a new draft , but before a diplomatic conference could be convened at Geneva, the Czar of Russia took the initiative to convene the First Hague Peace Conference of 1899 and proposed as one of the subjects the "adaptation to naval war of the stipulations of the Geneva Convention of 1864." The Convention which was adopted at The Hague in 1899 was replaced by the Hague Convention (X) of 1907 . It is no longer in force. Meetings of forum: 18.05.1899 - 29.07.1899, The Hague Date of adoption: 29.07.1899 Depositary: Netherlands Number of articles: 14 Authentic text: French SourceD.Schindler and J.Toman, The Laws of Armed Conflicts, Martinus Nihjoff Publisher, 1988, pp.289-292. Alike animated by the desire to diminish, as far as depends on them the evils inseparable from warfare, and wishing with this object to adapt to maritime warfare the principles of the Geneva Convention of 22 August 1864, have decided to conclude a convention to this effect: They have, in consequence, appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, to wit: (Here follow the names of Plenipotentiaries) Who, after communication of their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed on the following provisions: Article 1. Military hospital ships, that is to say, ships constructed or assigned by States specially and solely for the purpose of assisting the wounded, sick or shipwrecked, and the names of which shall have been communicated to the belligerent Powers at the beginning or during the course of hostilities, and in any case before they are employed, shall be respected and cannot be captured while hostilities last. These ships, moreover, are not on the same footing as men-of-war as regards their stay in a neutral port. Art. 2. Hospital ships, equipped wholly or in part at the cost of private individuals or officially
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4 Convention (III) for the Adaptation to Maritime Warfare -...

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