Final Act of the Second Peace Conference. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
State signatories (44)
General title: Second Peace Conference of The Hague, 1907. Forum of
adoption: International Peace Conference 1907
The First Hague Peace Conference of 1899 was convened on the initiative of the Czar of
, Nicholas II, "with the object of seeking the most effective means of ensuring to all
peoples the benefits of a real and lasting peace, and, above all, of limiting the progressive
development of existing armaments" (Russian note of 30 December 1898/11 January 1899).
The Conference, at which 26 governments were represented, assembled on 18 May 1899 and
adjourned on 29 July 1899. It failed to reach agreement on the primary object for which it was
called, namely the limitation or reduction of armaments
, but adopted the three Conventions and
the other acts mentioned in the Final Protocol. Provision was made for the convening of a
second conference. This conference lasted from 15 June until 18 October 1907. The Final Acts
constitute authoritative statements of the results achieved. They were signed by the delegates
but not ratified by the participating states. They were no binding force.
Meetings of forum: 15.06.1907 - 18.10.1907, The Hague
Date of adoption: 18.10.1907
Number of articles: 1 declaration, 1 resolution, 4 "wishes" Authentic text: French
SourceD.Schindler and J.Toman, The Laws of Armed Conflicts, Martinus Nihjoff Publisher,
The Second International Peace Conference, proposed in the first instance by the President of
the United States of America, having been convoked, on the invitation of His Majesty the
Emperor of All the Russias, by Her Majesty the Queen of the Netherlands,
assembled on 15
June 1907, at The Hague, in the Hall of the Knights, for the purpose of giving a fresh
development to the humanitarian principles which served as a basis for the work of the First
Conference of 1899.
The following Powers took part in the Conference, and appointed the delegates named below:
(Here follow the names of delegates)
At a series of meetings, held from 15 June to 18 October 1907, in which the above delegates
were throughout animated by the desire to realize, in the fullest possible measure, the generous
views of the august initiator of the Conference and the intentions of their Governments, the
Conference drew up, for submission for signature by the plenipotentiaries, the text of the
Conventions and of the Declaration enumerated below and annexed to the present Act.
I. Convention for the pacific settlement of international disputes.