12 Convention (VI) relating to the Status of Enemy Merchant Ships

12 Convention (VI) relating to the Status of Enemy Merchant Ships

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Convention (VI) relating to the Status of Enemy Merchant Ships at the Outbreak of Hostilities. The Hague, 18 October 1907. State parties (29) / State signatories (19) General title: Second Peace Conference of The Hague, 1907. Forum of adoption: International Peace Conference 1907 Entry into force: 26.01.1910 No rule of international law existed before the adoption of the present Convention preventing belligerent States from confiscating enemy merchantmen in their harbour or on the high seas at the outbreak of a war. From the beginning of the Crimean War, in 1854, it became the usage followed by some countries that enemy vessels in the harbours of a belligerent should be granted a reasonable time to depart unmolested and that such vessels, if met at sea, should be permitted to continue their voyage. It was, however, not before the Second Hague Peace Conference that binding rules to this effect were adopted. Meetings of forum: 15.06.1907 - 18.10.1907, The Hague Date of adoption: 18.10.1907 Depositary: Netherlands Number of articles: 11 Authentic text: French SourceD.Schindler and J.Toman, The Laws of Armed Conflicts, Martinus Nihjoff Publisher, 1988, pp.791-794. Anxious to ensure the security of international commerce against the surprises of war, and wishing, in accordance with modern practice, to protect as far as possible operations undertaken in good faith and in process of being carried out before the outbreak of hostilities, have resolved to conclude a convention to this effect, and have appointed the following persons as their Plenipotentiaries: (Here follow the names of Plenipotentiaries) Who, after having deposited their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following provisions: Article 1. When a merchant ship belonging to one of the belligerent Powers is at the commencement of hostilities in an enemy port, it is desirable that it should be allowed to depart freely, either immediately, or after a reasonable number of days of grace, and to proceed, after
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course GENERAL ST 410 taught by Professor Huck during the Fall '11 term at Berea.

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12 Convention (VI) relating to the Status of Enemy Merchant Ships

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